“. . . They ask us why we have to endure these aggressions time after time . . .” (Yoke Rabaia)

❶ Israeli forces injure Palestinian youth walking home from school in Ramallah with live ammunition
❷ OCHA: 25% of Gaza children in need of psychosocial support
. . . ❷ ― (ᴀ) WHO: third of Gaza referral patients denied Israeli exit permit
❸ Israeli settlers commit car ramming attack in Bethlehem, injure elderly Palestinian      ❹ Background from Children & Society: “Sick Or Sad? Supporting Palestinian Children Living In Conditions Of Chronic Political Violence.”

` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ ISRAELI  FORCES  INJURE  PALESTINIAN  YOUTH  WALKING  HOME  FROM  SCHOOL  IN  RAMALLAH  WITH  LIVE  AMMUNITION
Ma’an News Agency    
Sept. 8, 2016
Israeli forces Thursday opened live fire on Palestinian students in the Jalazone refugee camp in the occupied West Bank district of Ramallah as they were leaving school, injuring a Palestinian minor, according to locals.
___Local sources told Ma’an that although no clashes were happening in the area, Israeli forces shot live bullets at the students, injuring a Palestinian student in his back and hand.
___After the minor was injured, clashes broke out between Israeli forces and Palestinian youths from the camp. Locals told Ma’an Israeli forces opened live fire and rubber-coated steel bullets at the youths, while shooting sound bombs and tear gas canisters into the community during the clashes.       MORE . . .

❷ OCHA: 25% OF GAZA CHILDREN IN NEED OF PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT
The Palestinian Information Center
Sep. 9, 2016
The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) estimated that the Israeli 51-day aggression on Gaza had left 25% of Palestinian children in need of direct psycho-social support, based on the number of children affected by grave violations such as injury, killing or injury of a relative or other people.
___The 51-day conflict in the Gaza Strip in the summer of 2014 had a devastating impact on children, the report said.
___Two years on, the consequences of the conflict are still being felt and continue to take a heavy toll on children and their well-being, including their mental health.       MORE . . .

. . . ❷ ― (ᴀ) WHO:  THIRD  OF  GAZA  REFERRAL  PATIENTS  DENIED  ISRAELI  EXIT  PERMIT   
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA 
Sep. 8, 2016
Three in 10 patients from Gaza who applied for a permit to leave the Gaza Strip to get medical treatment in East Jerusalem, West Bank or Israeli hospitals have been denied or delayed a permit, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Thursday in its monthly report on referral of Gaza patients.
___It said that of 2,040 patient permit applications to exit Gaza through Erez checkpoint with Israel for hospital appointments in July, 67.5% were approved, 9.5 percent (190 persons) were denied, including eight children and 14 elderly persons over 60 years, and 23 percent (473 patients) received no response, including 138 children and 57 elderly people over 60.       MORE . . . 

❸ ISRAELI  SETTLERS  COMMIT  CAR  RAMMING  ATTACK  IN  BETHLEHEM,  INJURE  ELDERLY  PALESTINIAN     
Ma’an News Agency  
Sept. 8, 2016
Israeli settlers Thursday deliberately ran over a Palestinian farmer from the town of al-Khader in the occupied West Bank district of Bethlehem, according to local sources.     ___The 65-year-old Palestinian suffered from bruises and bone fractures and was taken to a local hospital, local sources told Ma’an.
___The incident occurred on Route 60, the main artery connecting Israeli settlements to Israel.        MORE . . .

  • Rabaia, Yoke, Mahasin F. Saleh, and Rita Giacaman. “Sick Or Sad? Supporting Palestinian Children Living In Conditions Of Chronic Political Violence.” CHILDREN & SOCIETY 28.3 (2014): 172-181.     SOURCE

Given this long history of loss and the absence of a state, Palestinians not only got used to expecting and dealing with the reality of living in political, economic and human insecurity, but the situation also compelled them to take care of each other. Until today, family bonds are strong and supportive, often across borders. Many families have members who have outmigrated and who provide financial support when needed and a safe haven in case of emergency.
[. . . .]
[The] focus on pathological symptoms, such as PTSD symptoms, depression, mood and other mental health disorders, created the impression that young Palestinians exposed to violence had become ‘mentally ill’, and thus ‘needed’ and ‘had the right to treatment’ . . . . The question of how Palestinians had managed to maintain their mental health throughout their long history of dispossession and episodes of lower and higher intensity violence received markedly less interest.
[. . . .]
There is no doubt that Palestinian children have been exposed to many violent events and it is likely that this exposure has affected them, and that they may display some or all of the symptoms that correspond to the diagnostic symptoms associated with mental ailments such as PTSD, anxiety, depression and mood disorders. The question is, however, whether displaying these symptoms necessarily means that children suffer a mental illness or disorder, requiring a form of specialised treatment, or alternatively, whether the fear and sadness associated with exposure to political violence are normal reactions which will diminish with time and support from family and community, and ultimately require a sociopolitical resolution as opposed to a medical one.
[. . . .]
[A Palestinian social worker at a training conference in Ramallah] posed a question to the trainers. She said, ‘we try to help people as good as we can, and that is appreciated, but sometimes people get angry when they see that we are supported by or connected to international agencies. They ask us why we don’t tell these organisations to make the international community force Israel to stop the aggression against Palestinians. They ask us why we have to endure these aggressions time after time’. And the young Palestinian relief worker said: ‘We do not know how to answer that question ….’ (Personal observation of first author). . . .

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