“. . . the whole concept of ‘law enforcement’ is highly problematic and misleading when the agents of enforcement are themselves illegitimate . . .” (Michael Dumper)

❶ Palestinian youths detained for throwing rocks, paint cans at Israeli settlers
. . . ❶― (ᴀ) Israeli forces detain Palestinian at Bethlehem-area checkpoint
. . . ❶― (ᴃ) Israeli forces injure 4 Palestinians, 1 critically, in clashes south of Nablus
. . . ❶― (ᴄ) IOA slaps visit ban on Palestinian detainee

  • Background from journal International Affairs

❷ PCHR Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the oPt (01– 07 September 2016)
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ PALESTINIAN  YOUTHS  DETAINED  FOR  THROWING  ROCKS,  PAINT  CANS  AT  ISRAELI  SETTLERS
Ma’an News Agency
Sept. 13, 2016
Israeli forces detained three Palestinian youths overnight for allegedly throwing rocks and paint cans at an Israeli settler’s bus that was passing by the al-Arrub refugee camp in northern Hebron in the southern occupied West Bank, while two other rock-throwing incidents were reported in Bethlehem-area villages.    MORE . . .  
. . . ❶― (ᴀ)  ISRAELI  FORCES  DETAIN  PALESTINIAN  AT  BETHLEHEM-AREA  CHECKPOINT
Ma’an News Agency
Sept. 13, 2016
Israeli forces detained a Palestinian man late Monday at the Container checkpoint in northeastern Bethlehem.
____Palestinian security sources told Palestinian state-run Wafa news agency that Israeli forces detained Rafat Nael Shafiq, 28, a resident of the city of Ramallah in the central occupied West Bank, after they stopped the vehicle he was riding and took him to an unknown location.     MORE . . .   
. . . ❶― (ᴃ)  ISRAELI  FORCES  INJURE  4  PALESTINIANS,  1  CRITICALLY,  IN  CLASHES  SOUTH  OF  NABLUS
Ma’an News Agency
Sept. 12, 2016
Four Palestinians were injured Monday evening during clashes with Israeli forces in the village of Qusra south of Nablus in the northern occupied West Bank, local sources said.
____Ghassan Doughlas, an official who monitors settlement activity in the northern occupied West Bank, told Ma’an that after Israeli forces stormed the town sparking clashes with locals, Israeli soldiers fired tear gas canisters, stun grenades, and live ammunition at demonstrators.      MORE . . . 
. . . ❶― (ᴄ)  IOA  SLAPS  VISIT  BAN  ON  PALESTINIAN  DETAINEE
The Palestinian Information Center
Sept. 13, 2016
The Israeli occupation authorities (IOA) denied prisoner Murad Izzedine Fatash the right to family visits in Israeli custody. Family sources said the lawyer saw Fatash in the court hall but was prevented from talking to him. Fatash was kidnapped by the occupation soldiers at the Zaatara checkpoint in southern Nablus on August 28.   MORE . . . 

❷ PCHR  WEEKLY  REPORT  ON  ISRAELI  HUMAN  RIGHTS  VIOLATIONS  IN  THE  OPT  (01– 07  SEPTEMBER  2016)
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
Sept. 11, 2016
Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (01 – 07 September 2016).
Shooting:
Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes, inflicting civilian casualties. They have also continued to use excessive force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the majority of whom were youngsters. . .
[Arrests and] Incursions:
During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 78 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 8 ones in occupied East Jerusalem and its suburbs. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 60 Palestinian civilians, including 9 children. Seventeen of them, including 5 children, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem. . .
Creating Jewish Majority in Occupied East Jerusalem [. . . .]
Settlement activities [. . . .]
Restrictions on movement [ . . . .]        
MORE . . .   

  • DUMPER, MICHAEL. “Policing Divided Cities: Stabilization And Law Enforcement In Palestinian East Jerusalem.” International Affairs 89.5 (2013): 1247-1264.   SOURCE. 

Despite [many] attempts to control and divide the Palestinian community over 46 years of Israeli rule, and despite their being poorly served by a divided and ineffective political leadership, Palestinian residents . . . have refused to accept the sequestration of their land and property by Israeli bodies, and continue to demand Jerusalem as their putative national capital . . . . policing in Jerusalem, East and West, faces three major challenges. In the first place, this city is the capital of Israel and the location of almost all the key institutions of the state. (Footnote: It should also be noted that not one country has its embassy located in Jerusalem—a sign of international non-recognition of the city as the Israeli capital.) Second, as a religious centre for Muslims, Christians and Jews . . . it attracts the attention of radical fundamentalist groups across the religious spectrum who seek to displace . . .  rival claimants . . . . Third, Jerusalem is a ‘world city’ in that its role in the Arab–Israeli conflict and regional politics makes it a centre for international diplomatic and media activity.
[. . . .]
Israeli policing priorities and objectives in East Jerusalem are directed primarily towards the maintenance of public order rather than law enforcement. To some extent this approach flows from a continued perception of Palestinians as a threat to the Israeli state and to Israeli control over both parts of the city.
[. . . .]
. . .  this approach to policing has been a concentration on constraining dissent and opposition. In the absence of political representation in either the Israeli Municipality or other Israeli institutions that operate in East Jerusalem, Palestinian residents and their supporters are obliged to resort to protests, demonstrations and violent attacks to voice their opposition to Israeli policies. The Israeli authorities’ concern to prevent these activities has led to a blanket suppression of all forms of protest, whether they are political or concern more specific localized grievances, and the employment of militarized forms of policing.
[. . . .]
Indeed, the whole concept of ‘law enforcement’ is highly problematic and misleading when the agents of enforcement are themselves illegitimate in the eyes of both the international community and over one-third of the residents of the city. Unless a political framework is put in place which can build cross-cutting support for a legal system which is designed to protect both political communities in Jerusalem, the security regime in the city will remain one which is an instrument of one community, imposed by force and highly militarized.
[. . . .]

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