“. . . Repression has many faces; as does dissent . . .” (Matthew Longo)

bulldozing_yarza_road_full
Civil Administration bulldozer razing the Tubas-Yarza road the first time. (Photo: B’Tselem, 3 May 2012)

❶ Israeli forces close entrances of Issawiya neighborhood in East Jerusalem

. . . ❶ ― (a) Silwan: The Martyrdom of freed prisoner Ali Shyoukhi

  • Background:  “A Checkpoint Effect? Evidence From A Natural Experiment On Travel Restrictions In The West Bank.” American Journal Of Political Science

❷ Israel destroys 2 KLM road in Jordan valley for the second time
❸ Israel Tightens Closure on Gaza, West Bank and Jerusalem for Yom Kippur
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
ISRAELI FORCES CLOSE ENTRANCES OF ISSAWIYA NEIGHBORHOOD IN EAST JERUSALEM
Ma’an News Agency
Oct. 13, 2016
Israeli forces reportedly closed the main entrance of occupied East Jerusalem neighborhood of Issawiya on Wednesday evening, and detained five Palestinians.     ___Local follow-up committee member Muhammad Abu al-Hummus said that Israeli soldiers closed the main entrance of the village with cement blocks, claiming that residents were throwing Molotov cocktails.
___Abu al-Hummus said that Israeli forces had closed the entrance of Issawiya on Wednesday afternoon for the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, reopened it, and later closed it again as “collective punishment.”     More . . .
. . . ― (a) SILWAN: THE MARTYRDOM OF FREED PRISONER ALI SHYOUKHI
Wadi Hilweh Information Center – Silwan
October 11, 2016
The 20-year old Ali Atef Shyoukhi passed away on Tuesday night after being shot by the occupation forces in Silwan.
___Shyoukhi was shot in the pelvis and the ambulance was not able to reach him due to the closure imposed on the area by the occupation forces.     More . . . 
Related . . .    RESIDENTS PROTEST CLOSURE OF THEIR JERUSALEM NEIGHBORHOOD 

  • Longo, Matthew, Daphna Canetti, and Nancy Hite-Rubin. “A Checkpoint Effect? Evidence From A Natural Experiment On Travel Restrictions In The West Bank.” American Journal Of Political Science 58.4 (2014): 1006-1023.   Full article.

Repression has many faces; as does dissent. In this paper we expose how even non-violent – if even seemingly banal – forms of repression have a considerable impact on the attitudes of subject populations. In our study, we find a positive correlation between repression (impediments to mobility) and dissent (support for violence), despite the fact that the repressive institution we study, checkpoints, are mostly non-violent in nature . . . . as while non-violent means of repression might increase in number, their harms are different than violent ones, and thus they cannot be measured on the same scale
[. . . . ] A final corrective our study offers is to question the mechanism by which repression foments dissent, which is via legitimacy – i.e. that citizens no longer deem their government a legitimate representative. How can these logics apply when the repressive forces and the subject masses are of different constituent bodies? In the West Bank, the circumstance is not within-states, but between-‘states’. . . . Occupation sits at the conceptual midpoint between authoritarianism and conflict, with attributes of both, but aligning fully with neither. In our case, the West Bank is administered daily in an authoritarian manner; but it is also a cog in a conflict of which both sides are a part . . . .
. . .  There is little question that checkpoints are a great impediment on the lives of Palestinians. But it is our noteworthy finding that they might be a detriment to Israeli and regional security as well by making Palestinians more likely to support violence and radicalism, rather than diplomatic negotiation. . . .   Thus we ask: is Israel better off with checkpoints in the West Bank? Arguably the worst thing for long-term security is a radicalized Palestinian population that increasingly supports violence against the Israeli state. Thus, at best the Israeli state is trading off long-term risk for short-term safety. . . .

“The current Israeli Defense Force (IDF) movement and closure regime
in the West Bank is effectively designed to provide tactical security
against terrorist attacks. Yet it severely constrains the movement of
Palestinian commercial goods, limits economic activity and halts
development. Israel has the right and responsibility to ensure its security
and that of its citizens. However, the current approach to security exacts
a considerable price in terms of Israel’s long-term security and political
interests, which in part require the development of the Palestinian
economy as a prerequisite for Palestinian statehood” (Berman, Eli. 2008.
“Report on Palestinian Movement and Access: An Integrated Approach
to Security and Commercial Movement.” University of California Institute
on Global Conflict and Cooperation).

❷ ISRAEL DESTROYS 2 KLM ROAD IN JORDAN VALLEY FOR THE SECOND TIME
Palestine News Network – PNN
Oct. 13, 2016
Israeli Ocupation Forces (IOF) on Thursday morning have destroyed, for the second time, a road that leads to a Bedouin community site, named Khirbet Hadidiya in the northern Jordan Valley.
___An army bulldozer accompanied with four military jeeps broke into the area and destroying the 2-kilometer-long road leading to the community where 120 citizens are living.       More . . .  block

Israeli Border Police block the entrance to Issawiya, checking Palestinians wanting to pass, on October 20, 2015. (Photo: Nati Shohat/Flash90)

ISRAEL TIGHTENS CLOSURE ON GAZA, WEST BANK AND JERUSALEM FOR YOM KIPPUR
IMEMC-International Middle East Media Center
October 11, 2016
Israeli occupation authorities have imposed a full security cordon, beginning last night, on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, for the Jewish holiday of “Forgiveness”.     ___According to Israeli public radio, all Gaza crossings will be closed from today until Thursday night, except for emergency cases.
___For his part, the director of the Kerem Shalom crossing said that the crossing is fully closed from today until Thursday, and that the closure also includes prevention of the entry of fuel, including cooking gas and power station fuel.      More . . .  

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