“. . . historical memory encourages children to realize the relationship between the past and present . . .” (Janette Hibashi)

Raghad Nasrallah Sho’ani, 18, was released from Israeli prison today. (Photo: IMEMC News)

❶ Israel Releases A Wounded Young Woman After Four Months In Detention
. . . ― (a) Reaching a deal to sentence the children Farah and Za’tari for two years
❷ 3 Palestinians injured with live fire during clashes near Gaza border
. . . ❷ ― (a) Clashes In Kufur Qaddoum After Israeli Soldiers Attack The Weekly Procession

  • Background: “Palestinian Children: Authors Of Collective Memory.” Children & Society.

` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
November 12, 2016
The Israeli authorities released, Friday, Raghad Nasrallah Sho’ani, 18, after holding her captive for four months, following an Israeli court ruling, sentencing her to six-month suspended sentence for three years, and ordered her to play a 2000 Israeli Shekels fine.     ___Sho’ani was released at Jabara military roadblock, near Tulkarem, in the northern part of the occupied West Bank, where her family and dozens of Palestinians waited to welcome her back home.
___Raghad was shot and injured by Israeli army fire prior to her abduction, four months ago, after the soldiers alleged that she intended to carry out a stabbing attack against then at the Qalandia military terminal, north of Jerusalem.
___After being shot with two live rounds in the thigh, the soldiers abducted her without providing her medical treatment, interrogated her, and later took her to a hospital. Raghad is from Kafr Aqab neighborhood, north of occupied East Jerusalem.        More . . .  
Wadi Hilweh Information Center – Silwan     
Nov. 9, 2016
The lawyers (Mohammad Mahmoud and Lee’a Tsemel) of two Jerusalemite children accused of “possession of knives and attempt-murder” reached a deal with the public prosecution to sentence their clients for two years in which they will serve in internal institutions.
___The lawyers explained that they reached a deal with the public prosecution to sentence 13-year old Shadi Anwar Farah and 13-year old Ahmad Ra’ed Za’tari for two years in “Yarka” internal institution.      More . . .     

Ma’an News Agency   
Nov. 11, 2016
Three Palestinians were injured with live fire on Friday during clashes with Israeli forces along the border between Israel and the Gaza Strip.
___Gaza’s Ministry of Health Spokesman Ashraf al-Qidrah said the three were moderately injured in clashes east of Gaza city, near the Nahal Oz border crossing in the northern Gaza Strip.
___Palestinians in the Gaza Strip have demonstrated near the border with Israel nearly every Friday to show solidarity with what Palestinians in Gaza have termed the “Jerusalem Intifada” taking place in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem.
___The so-called “buffer zone,” where the weekly protests have taken place, was unilaterally declared a “no-go-zone” by Israel in 2005.       More . . .  

Palestinian youths hold Palestinian flags during a demonstration against the construction of the wall in Beit Jala near Bethlehem Mar. 4 2010. (Photo: Aljazeera)

International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC         
November 12, 2016
Israeli soldiers attacked, Friday, dozens of protesters in Kufur Qaddoum town, in the northern West Bank district of Qalqilia, as dozens marched during the weekly procession against the illegal Annexation Wall and colonies, and the continued closure of the town’s main road for the 14th consecutive year.       ___The protestors marched while waving Palestinian flags and carrying posters of late Palestinian President Yasser Arafat, commemorating the twelfth anniversary of his death, before the soldiers assaulted the procession, leading to clashes.   More. . .

  • Habashi, Janette. “Palestinian Children: Authors Of Collective Memory.” Children & Society 27.6 (2013): 421-433.    Source .  

[. . . .]   The ambiguity of articulating children’s memory is enforced by nation-states’ discourse. Nation-states invest in the protection and safety of children while simultaneously promoting particular collective memory. Citizenship education, reciting national anthems and exposure to history curricula contribute to the creation of a singular collective memory and national discourse. However, this may not be the case in war-like situations where family narratives and local street politics influence the larger national discourse.
[. . . .]    Palestinian children witness current political situations, thus enabling them to express issues that are consequential in forming Palestinian history. In this era, children as third and fourth generation refugees are impacted by Israeli occupation . . .  yet participants experienced moments of freedom through political knowledge and education. The contemporary history arises in the children’s comprehension  of paradoxes within their experiences and in their relationship to preceding generations. Palestinian children’s testimonies, concerning history . . .   is framed with their ability to see the relationship between the history of previous generations and Israeli occupation . . . The concept of historical memory encourage[s] children to realise the relationship between the past and present and enable[s] them to identify individuals’ roles in collective memory  Children speculated on the transformation of the future based on their co-construction of contemporary Palestinian history and their understanding of collective memory: the past and present are profoundly integrated into the future. Children perceived themselves as keepers, carriers, agents and co-authors of future history.
[. . . .]  The involvement of children’s historical agency profoundly coincides with individual and collective experiences that express themselves in three capacities. First, children . . . identify political crises in the context of history and Israeli occupation, which echoes past experiences. Second, [they] perceived themselves as making history by resisting Israeli authority through education, throwing stones and defying the Israeli prediction that Palestinians would forget their past. . .  Third . . . they also imagined life before a critical time in history (1948) . . . that their present anguish had a historical foundation, and that hope for the future depended on the discontinuation of the current political situation . . . the children of the second, third and fourth generations of Palestinians, unlike the first generation, attempt to transform their life experience in refugee camps and co-author historical narratives through the understanding of collective memories as well as through certain acts that can be characterised as moments of ‘freedom’ or perhaps even political rebellion. . . .

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