“. . . Do not bury him, while his wounds/ Proclaim his testament of love . . .” (Samih Al-Qasim)

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Mutaz Hussien Hilal Bani Shamsa, 23, who was shot and killed by an Israeli settler, May 18, 2017 (Photo: Ma’an News Agency)

❶ Settler shoots and kills Palestinian during West Bank demo
❷ Israeli forces suppress solidarity events in West Bank, East Jerusalem

  • Background article from Boston University International Law Journal,

❸ Reconstruction of Umm al-Hiran killings disproves car-ramming claims
❹ POETRY by Samih Al-Qasim
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ SETTLER  SHOOTS  AND  KILLS  PALESTINIAN  DURING  WEST  BANK  DEMO     
+972 Magazine 
Natasha Roth
May 18, 2017
An Israeli settler shot and killed a Palestinian near Huwwara in the West Bank on Thursday, during a demonstration in solidarity with an ongoing mass hunger strike by Palestinian prisoners in Israel. The dead man was named by the Palestinian Ministry of Health as Mutaz Hussien Hilal Bani Shamsa, 23, according to Ma’an News Agency.
___The settler also shot and moderately wounded Associated Press photographer Majdi Eshtayya.
___An IDF statement said that the protest had drawn around 200 Palestinians, some of whom had been throwing stones at passing Israeli vehicles. Photographs published by Walla show what is purportedly the car belonging to the settler in question, with its windshield heavily damaged. Palestinian media reported the demonstration as a peaceful march.
___The alleged shooter is a resident of Itamar settlement, near Nablus, who was detained for questioning following the incident.       MORE . . .  
❷ ISRAELI  FORCES  SUPPRESS  SOLIDARITY  EVENTS  IN  WEST  BANK,  EAST  JERUSALEM 
Ma’an News Agency
May 18, 2017
Israeli forces suppressed at least two solidarity demonstrations on Wednesday in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem in support of the some 1,300 Palestinian prisoners currently on hunger strike in Israeli custody, as one Palestinian was injured with a live bullet and tens of others suffered from tear gas inhalation.     ___A Palestinian was injured with a live bullet, while tens of others suffered from tear gas inhalation after clashes erupted with Israeli forces near the entrance of Qalandiya refugee camp in Ramallah when Israeli forces suppressed a peaceful march Wednesday night in support of the mass hunger strike among Palestinians held in Israeli prisons.       MORE . . .  
RELATED     GAZA  FISHERMAN  DIES  HOURS  AFTER  BEING  SHOT  BY  ISRAELI  FORCES   
May 15, 2017
RELATED     ISRAELI  FORCES  KILL  23-YEAR-OLD  PALESTINIAN,  INJURE  DOZENS  DURING  CLASHES  IN  WEST  BANK   
May 12, 2017

Omer-Man, Emily Schaeffer. “EXTRAJUDICIAL  KILLING  WITH  NEAR  IMPUNITY:   EXCESSIVE  FORCE  BY  ISRAELI  LAW  ENFORCEMENT AGAINST PALESTINIANS.” Boston University International Law Journal, vol. 35, no. 1, Spring2017, pp. 115-156.   COMPLETE ARTICLE
[. . . .]  In sum, Palestinians face regular violence from state actors alongside a lack of protection from violence by non-state actors. The degree of force used against Palestinians oftentimes far exceeds what is necessary to maintain safety and order in the area, as IHL requires; in many cases, this excessive force blatantly violates Israel’s own rules and regulations regarding appropriate law enforcement responses to civilian unrest, violence, and even mortal danger. A closer examination of the open-fire and safety regulations reveals that these are often ambiguously worded, and moreover, contradict the instructions and messages received by police and soldiers during briefings by commanding officers. Thus, the disparate treatment of acts committed by Palestinians versus Jews is consistent with the putative expectations of behavior of law enforcement personnel in Israel. Moreover, with negligible risk of facing punishment for deviating from the regulations, Israeli security personnel operate in a realm of practical impunity when using force against Palestinians.
Note:  A longer quotation from the article is below, after the poetry.
Note: The author holds a JD from the University of California, Berkeley School of Law (Boalt), and is an American-Israeli human rights attorney at the Michael Sfard Law Office in Tel Aviv.

❸ RECONSTRUCTION  OF  UMM  AL-HIRAN  KILLINGS  DISPROVES  CAR-RAMMING  CLAIMS  
+972 Blog
By Yael Marom
May 18, 2017
The results of a police investigation into the January 18 events in Umm al-Hiran, during which — prior to a slate of home demolitions — a Bedouin man who was shot by police ran over and killed an Israeli policeman before succumbing to his wounds, have yet to be published. But it’s already clear that every detail the Israel Police tried to pass off to the public and the media was incorrect.
___The reconstruction also proves that Abu al-Qi’an was still alive after his car had stopped, as the autopsy findings showed. He even opened his car door before falling out of the vehicle. An eyewitness testified to investigators that he saw a police officer pointing his gun at Abu al-Qi’an while the latter was still alive, strengthening the claim that the already-injured Abu al-Qi’an was shot again after his car had stopped and he did not pose a threat to anyone.Forensic Architecture, in partnership with Activestills, has now managed to put together a reconstruction of what happened in Umm al-Hiran that day. Their work proves that contrary to police claims, Yaqub Mousa Abu al-Qi’an did not intentionally accelerate his car, but rather it picked up speed and went down the slope only after police had opened fire and hit Abu al-Qi’an’s right leg. As a result, his car struck and killed police officer Erez Levi.      MORE . . .  

“THE  MAN  WHO  VISITED  DEATH,”  BY  SAMIH  AL-QASIM

Leave the martyr shrouded in his garments,
Lay him at the foot of the mountain: for it knows his sorrow.
Do not bury him, while his wounds
Proclaim his testament of love and suffering.
Do you hear?

Let him take leave of his friends,
A bleeding eagle among the rocks.
Lay him in the sun; his face caressed
By the winds, redolent with the fragrance of the land of his youth.

Do not close his eyes; a final
Red glimmer still shines in them.
His call reverberates in the golden valleys:
“You who fear death, I fear it not;
Take me to my home
To rest my cheek upon its threshold,
To kiss the doorknob,
Take me to my vineyard, I would die, with the pangs of my love in my heart,
If my eyes do not feast once more on the sight of its soil.

Samih al-Qasim 
From THE  PALESTINIAN  WEDDING:   A  BILINGUAL  ANTHOLOGY  OF  CONTEMPORARY  PALESTINIAN  RESISTANCE  POETRY. Ed. and Trans. A. M. Elmessiri. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2011. Reprint from Three Continents Press, Inc., 1982. Available from Palestine Online Store.

Huwara-23-of-30
Huwara town just 9km south of Nablus, surrounded by four Israeli settlements. (Photo: Welcome to Palestine)

Omer-Man, Emily Schaeffer. “EXTRAJUDICIAL  KILLING  WITH  NEAR  IMPUNITY:   EXCESSIVE  FORCE  BY  ISRAELI  LAW  ENFORCEMENT  AGAINST  PALESTINIANS.” Boston University International Law Journal, vol. 35, no. 1,

Spring2017, pp. 115-156.  COMPLETE ARTICLE
[. . . . ] According to a poll conducted by the Israel Democracy Institute in August 2016, nearly half of the Jewish population in Israel, which comprises around 80% of the Israeli population, and nearly all of the security forces command structure and politicians charged with supervising and directing security forces, support a “shoot-to-kill” policy in handling suspected Palestinian assailants, “even if [they have] been apprehended and clearly [do] not [pose] a threat.” Statements by the most senior Israeli political leaders . . .  reflect similar attitudes either explicitly or impliedly. These attitudes seemingly substitute legal punishment with extrajudicial killing by security personnel, a situation that Jelani Jefferson Exum called “the death penalty on the streets.”
[. . . .]   Since the start of the Second Intifada in late 2000, Israeli security forces have killed more than 2 thousand Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza in law enforcement scenarios alone (excluding those deemed by Israel to have been civilians DPHing [civilian directly participating in hostilities} combatants, or collateral damage in military operations). This figure does not include some 3 thousand official complaints of injuries to Palestinians by IDF soldiers alone during the same period.91 According to IDF data, beatings and injury of Palestinians comprised more than half of all investigations into incidents raising suspicion of unlawful conduct by soldiers in 2015 (and roughly two-thirds of investigations over the previous decade). Injuries from shooting and beatings in law enforcement contexts typically are documented during demonstrations and riots, at checkpoints throughout the West Bank and crossings to and from Israel, during arrests and searches of homes and businesses, and, in certain cases, after detention of suspects.
[. . . .]  The level of restraint and protection demonstrated by law enforcement personnel in the West Bank and East Jerusalem toward the more than 585 thousand Israeli civilians living in those territories contrasts starkly with the force exhibited toward Palestinians—including situations when Israeli civilians are the perpetrators of violence against Palestinians. The rules of engagement, both officially and in practice, differ greatly based on ethnicity or “nationality”—i.e., Palestinian or Israeli. For instance, the “Suspect Arrest Procedure,” in which every IDF soldier is trained, requires a soldier to conduct an arrest in stages as necessary, beginning with verbal warnings, followed by warning shots into the air, graduating to shooting the suspect’s legs in order to neutralize and, in the case of imminent mortal danger, permitting the soldier to shoot to kill. The Suspect Arrest Procedure applies whether responding to Jewish civilian suspects or Palestinian suspects. However, with regard to the former, soldiers are trained not to escalate the procedure beyond the firing of a warning shot. Additionally, although official regulations applicable to both police and soldiers authorize the use of certain CCWs against Israelis, the practice when it comes to handling settler unrest in the West Bank and East Jerusalem dictates showing great restraint toward this population.
___Accordingly, the idea that police and soldiers would use live ammunition against the Jewish population in the occupied territory is inconceivable, although regulations provide for its use in situations posing mortal danger. This restrained approach is deeply ingrained in Israeli society, dating back to decades of IDF and Israel Police’s delicate relationship with the settler population, the delicate relationship arising due to numerous factors: political pressures to maintain overall “peace” with the settler population, the desire to preserve order on the ground, and attempting to address mounting local and foreign pressure to curb settler violence against Palestinians.
[. . . . ] In sum, Palestinians face regular violence from state actors alongside a lack of protection from violence by non-state actors. The degree of force used against Palestinians oftentimes far exceeds what is necessary to maintain safety and order in the area, as IHL requires; in many cases, this excessive force blatantly violates Israel’s own rules and regulations regarding appropriate law enforcement responses to civilian unrest, violence, and even mortal danger. A closer examination of the open-fire and safety regulations reveals that these are often ambiguously worded, and moreover, contradict the instructions and messages received by police and soldiers during briefings by commanding officers. Thus, the disparate treatment of acts committed by Palestinians versus Jews is consistent with the putative expectations of behavior of law enforcement personnel in Israel. Moreover, with negligible risk of facing punishment for deviating from the regulations, Israeli security personnel operate in a realm of practical impunity when using force against Palestinians.
[. . . . ]   Palestinians living under occupation have few means of calling for accountability. Unlike their Israeli neighbors, such Palestinians are neither afforded the right to assemble, nor participation in electing the Israeli government officials who dictate the policies to be applied in the West Bank. Their tools for seeking accountability are limited primarily to international media, the few available avenues for external judicial review, and mostly ineffective direct legal channels within Israel that focus on individual investigations and specific aspects of investigation policies but rarely address the overall systemic obstacles to protection from violence. Thus, lack of accountability creates and perpetuates a culture of impunity that emboldens Israeli police and soldiers to use excessive violence against Palestinians, whether they are non-violently protesting or carrying out acts of violence.  [. . . . ] 

“. . . the whole concept of ‘law enforcement’ is highly problematic and misleading when the agents of enforcement are themselves illegitimate . . .” (Michael Dumper)

❶ Palestinian youths detained for throwing rocks, paint cans at Israeli settlers
. . . ❶― (ᴀ) Israeli forces detain Palestinian at Bethlehem-area checkpoint
. . . ❶― (ᴃ) Israeli forces injure 4 Palestinians, 1 critically, in clashes south of Nablus
. . . ❶― (ᴄ) IOA slaps visit ban on Palestinian detainee

  • Background from journal International Affairs

❷ PCHR Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the oPt (01– 07 September 2016)
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ PALESTINIAN  YOUTHS  DETAINED  FOR  THROWING  ROCKS,  PAINT  CANS  AT  ISRAELI  SETTLERS
Ma’an News Agency
Sept. 13, 2016
Israeli forces detained three Palestinian youths overnight for allegedly throwing rocks and paint cans at an Israeli settler’s bus that was passing by the al-Arrub refugee camp in northern Hebron in the southern occupied West Bank, while two other rock-throwing incidents were reported in Bethlehem-area villages.    MORE . . .  
. . . ❶― (ᴀ)  ISRAELI  FORCES  DETAIN  PALESTINIAN  AT  BETHLEHEM-AREA  CHECKPOINT
Ma’an News Agency
Sept. 13, 2016
Israeli forces detained a Palestinian man late Monday at the Container checkpoint in northeastern Bethlehem.
____Palestinian security sources told Palestinian state-run Wafa news agency that Israeli forces detained Rafat Nael Shafiq, 28, a resident of the city of Ramallah in the central occupied West Bank, after they stopped the vehicle he was riding and took him to an unknown location.     MORE . . .   
. . . ❶― (ᴃ)  ISRAELI  FORCES  INJURE  4  PALESTINIANS,  1  CRITICALLY,  IN  CLASHES  SOUTH  OF  NABLUS
Ma’an News Agency
Sept. 12, 2016
Four Palestinians were injured Monday evening during clashes with Israeli forces in the village of Qusra south of Nablus in the northern occupied West Bank, local sources said.
____Ghassan Doughlas, an official who monitors settlement activity in the northern occupied West Bank, told Ma’an that after Israeli forces stormed the town sparking clashes with locals, Israeli soldiers fired tear gas canisters, stun grenades, and live ammunition at demonstrators.      MORE . . . 
. . . ❶― (ᴄ)  IOA  SLAPS  VISIT  BAN  ON  PALESTINIAN  DETAINEE
The Palestinian Information Center
Sept. 13, 2016
The Israeli occupation authorities (IOA) denied prisoner Murad Izzedine Fatash the right to family visits in Israeli custody. Family sources said the lawyer saw Fatash in the court hall but was prevented from talking to him. Fatash was kidnapped by the occupation soldiers at the Zaatara checkpoint in southern Nablus on August 28.   MORE . . . 

❷ PCHR  WEEKLY  REPORT  ON  ISRAELI  HUMAN  RIGHTS  VIOLATIONS  IN  THE  OPT  (01– 07  SEPTEMBER  2016)
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
Sept. 11, 2016
Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period (01 – 07 September 2016).
Shooting:
Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes, inflicting civilian casualties. They have also continued to use excessive force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the majority of whom were youngsters. . .
[Arrests and] Incursions:
During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted at least 78 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 8 ones in occupied East Jerusalem and its suburbs. During these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 60 Palestinian civilians, including 9 children. Seventeen of them, including 5 children, were arrested in occupied Jerusalem. . .
Creating Jewish Majority in Occupied East Jerusalem [. . . .]
Settlement activities [. . . .]
Restrictions on movement [ . . . .]        
MORE . . .   

  • DUMPER, MICHAEL. “Policing Divided Cities: Stabilization And Law Enforcement In Palestinian East Jerusalem.” International Affairs 89.5 (2013): 1247-1264.   SOURCE. 

Despite [many] attempts to control and divide the Palestinian community over 46 years of Israeli rule, and despite their being poorly served by a divided and ineffective political leadership, Palestinian residents . . . have refused to accept the sequestration of their land and property by Israeli bodies, and continue to demand Jerusalem as their putative national capital . . . . policing in Jerusalem, East and West, faces three major challenges. In the first place, this city is the capital of Israel and the location of almost all the key institutions of the state. (Footnote: It should also be noted that not one country has its embassy located in Jerusalem—a sign of international non-recognition of the city as the Israeli capital.) Second, as a religious centre for Muslims, Christians and Jews . . . it attracts the attention of radical fundamentalist groups across the religious spectrum who seek to displace . . .  rival claimants . . . . Third, Jerusalem is a ‘world city’ in that its role in the Arab–Israeli conflict and regional politics makes it a centre for international diplomatic and media activity.
[. . . .]
Israeli policing priorities and objectives in East Jerusalem are directed primarily towards the maintenance of public order rather than law enforcement. To some extent this approach flows from a continued perception of Palestinians as a threat to the Israeli state and to Israeli control over both parts of the city.
[. . . .]
. . .  this approach to policing has been a concentration on constraining dissent and opposition. In the absence of political representation in either the Israeli Municipality or other Israeli institutions that operate in East Jerusalem, Palestinian residents and their supporters are obliged to resort to protests, demonstrations and violent attacks to voice their opposition to Israeli policies. The Israeli authorities’ concern to prevent these activities has led to a blanket suppression of all forms of protest, whether they are political or concern more specific localized grievances, and the employment of militarized forms of policing.
[. . . .]
Indeed, the whole concept of ‘law enforcement’ is highly problematic and misleading when the agents of enforcement are themselves illegitimate in the eyes of both the international community and over one-third of the residents of the city. Unless a political framework is put in place which can build cross-cutting support for a legal system which is designed to protect both political communities in Jerusalem, the security regime in the city will remain one which is an instrument of one community, imposed by force and highly militarized.
[. . . .]

“. . . There is no gazelle in today’s headline . . .” (Naomi Shihab Nye)

A Gazelle walk
“Like as the gazelle desireth the waterbrooks, so longeth my soul after thee, O God.” Psalm 42. See also: https://mesenescent.wordpress.com/2014/12/07/quemadmodum-desiderat-cervus-ad-fontes-aquarum/

❶ Analysis: How Israeli settlements stifle Palestine’s economy
❷ Palestinian shot dead in Nablus after alleged attempted attack
❸ UN Secretary-General Accuses Israel of ‘Breeding’ Palestinian Attacks
❹ The ‘neo-Palestinians’
❺ Opinion/Analysis: Why is Israel recruiting so many Jordanian workers?
❻ Poetry by Naomi Shihab Nye
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
Analysis
AL-SHABAKA: THE PALESTINIAN POLICY NETWORK.
HOW  ISRAELI  SETTLEMENTS  STIFLE  PALESTINE’S  ECONOMY
Nur Arafeh, Samia al-Botmeh, Leila Farsakh
Dec. 16, 2015
Israel is marshaling pro-Israel forces in Europe as well as in the US against the European Union’s recently issued guidelines on labeling some of its settlement products, for fear that this will lead to stronger measures . . . .
___Israel sees the European Union’s recently issued guidelines on labeling some of its settlement products as the thin edge of the wedge. It fears this will open the door to stronger measures against its illegal settlement enterprise and is marshaling pro-Israel forces in Europe as well as in the United States.  More . . .
MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
PALESTINIAN  SHOT  DEAD  IN  NABLUS  AFTER  ALLEGED  ATTEMPTED  ATTACK
Dec. 17, 2015
BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) — Israeli forces shot and killed a Palestinian near the Huwarra military checkpoint in the northern occupied West Bank district of Nablus on Thursday, Israeli media reported.
___Initial reports indicate that the Palestinian was shot dead after allegedly attempting to stab an Israeli soldier at the checkpoint. No Israelis were injured during the incident.
___The deaths mark at least 123 Palestinians to be killed since violence escalated in the occupied Palestinian territory in October. More . . .
IMEMC-INTERNATIONAL MIDDLE EAST MEDIA CENTER
UN  SECRETARY-GENERAL  ACCUSES  ISRAEL  OF  ‘BREEDING’  PALESTINIAN  ATTACKS
Dec. 16, 2015
This past Tuesday, in Jakarta, Indonesia, the International Conference on the Question of Jerusalem was organized by the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, with the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. It was sponsored by the United Nations.
___In a statement delivered on his behalf to the Conference, the Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-Moon said that the recent Palestinian attacks on Israelis are “bred from nearly five decades of Israeli occupation.”
___“It is the result of fear, humiliation, frustration and mistrust,” he said . . . .  More . . .

neo-palestinians
Palestinian youth carry the wounded during clashes with Israeli troops following an Israeli army raid in the occupied West Bank city of Jenin, Oct. 4, 2015. (Photo by REUTERS/Abed Omar Qusin)

AL-MONITOR (ISRAEL PULSE)
THE  ‘NEO – PALESTINIANS’
Ben Caspit
Dec. 16, 2015

The “new Palestinian,” or “neo-Palestinian,” is the name the Israeli security establishment has coined to refer to the generation of young Palestinians leading the current terror wave that Israel continues to find difficult to define, characterize and restrain some two and a half months after it began . . . . There is no infrastructure, no planning, no hierarchy, no leaders, no organizations and no intelligence.
___“This is something else entirely, something we have not completely identified,” admitted a higher-up in Israeli security speaking on condition of anonymity. “It is a social phenomenon, maybe even a mental one. It is the outcome of circumstances and deep processes that have come to fruition. . . .  More . . .
Opinion/Analysis
AL-MONITOR (PALESTINE PULSE)
WHY  IS  ISRAEL  RECRUITING  SO  MANY  JORDANIAN  WORKERS?
Adnan Abu Amer
Dec. 16, 2015
Many Palestinians are wondering why Israel is replacing Palestinian workers with ones from Jordan. None of the speculation seems positive
___In light of ongoing Palestinian armed operations against Israeli settlers, Israel has been taking punitive measures against Palestinians. When the violence began in October, Israel decreed that Palestinians could not travel to their workplaces inside Israel. It would not issue new work permits. On Oct. 4, Israeli Minister of Transportation Yisrael Katz threatened to withdraw more than 100,000 work permits.
___However, the Israeli Security Agency (Shabak) opposed those government decisions and on Nov. 26 demanded that additional work permits be granted for Palestinians. The move was seen as one designed to keep Palestinian workers employed so they wouldn’t join unemployed Palestinians in their attacks against Israelis. More . . .

“19  VARIETIES  OF  GAZELLE,”  BY  NAOMI  SHIHAB  NYE

A gash of movement,
a spring of flight.

She saw them then
she did not see them.

The elegance of the gazelle
caught in her breath.

The next thing could have been weeping.

Rustic brown, a subtle spotted hue.

For years the Arab poets used “gazelle”
to signify grace,
but when faced with a meadow of leaping gazelle
there were no words.

Does one gazelle prefer another
of her kind?

They soared like history
above an empty page.

Nearby, giant tortoises
were kissing.

What else had we seen in our lives?
Nothing better than 19 varieties of gazelle
running free at the wildlife sanctuary. . .

“Don’t bother to go there,”
said a man at our hotel.
“It’s too far.”

But we were on a small sandy island,
nothing was far!

We had hiked among stony ruins
to the Tree of Life. ***
We had photographed a sign that said
KEEP TO THE PATH in English and Arabic.

Where is the path?
Please tell me.
Does a gazelle have a path?
Is the whole air the path of the gazelle?

The sun was a hot hand on our heads.

Human beings have voices―
what have they done for us?

There is no gazelle
in today’s headline.

The next thing could have been weeping. . .
Since when is a gazelle
wiser than people?

Gentle gazelle
dipping her head
into a pool of silver grass.

Nye, Naomi Shihab. 19  VARIETIES  OF  GAZELLE:  POEMS  OF  THE  MIDDLE  EAST. New York: Green Willow Books, 1994. Available from Barnes and Noble.
About Naomi Shihab Nye.
*** About the Tree of Life

Labourers disembark a Palestinians-only bus before crossing through Israel's Eyal checkpoint as they returns to the West Bank, near Qalqilya
Jordanian laborers disembark from a bus before crossing through Israel’s Eyal checkpoint as they return from work sites in Israel, near Qalqilya, March 4, 2013. (Photo by REUTERS/Baz Ratner)