“. . . form the seamless web of colonial sovereignty . . .” (Annie Pfingst)

Beit Hanina, East Jerusalem – 27th of January, 2014, bulldozers demolish the house of the Adjluni family, allegedly for having been built illegally (Photo: by János Chialá)

❶ Israeli forces demolishes homes of Tel Aviv attack suspects

  • Background from Politics & The Life Sciences

❷ Israel demolishes Palestinian home in East Jerusalem for 6th time in 10 years
❸ Israel approves prison sentences for ‘terrorists’ as young as 12

  • Background from Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal

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Ma’an News Agency
Aug. 4, 2016
Israeli forces raided the town of Yatta in the southern occupied West Bank late on Wednesday night and demolished the family homes of two Palestinian cousins who carried out a deadly shooting attack in Tel Aviv in June which killed four Israelis.
___Yatta residents said that hundreds of Israeli soldiers raided central Yatta and the al-Hileh area, the locations of the homes of Khalid and Muhammad Makhamreh, who have been held in Israeli custody since the attack.
___Israeli bulldozers then demolished Khalid’s family’s house, while Muhammad’s family home was remotely detonated. A video released by the Israeli army shows bulldozers demolishing one house, while Israeli troops set up explosives in another, which was then detonated remotely, possibly by a drone.     MORE . . .

From Politics & The Life Sciences
Since the onset of occupation in 1967, the model utilized by the Israeli government in administering policies in the occupied territories has been a colonial model. That is, the occupied territories have been governed directly by Israel to the economic advantage of Israel, and with a paramount concern for shoring up Israel’s geographic security. For 20 years this model did deliver peace, though not without tensions, which exploded in the 1987 Palestinian uprising. Goodwin and Skocpol discuss the colonial model . . .  Conflict – indeed, revolution – is predicted to occur under direct colonial rule and the right circumstances (J. Goodwin and T. Skopcol, ‘‘Explaining revolutions in the contemporary third world’’).
[. . . . ]
Their hypothesis would read something like the following: Revolution will be most likely to occur when the regime adopts policies that are highly exclusionary and repressive, when the administrative bureaucracy fails to integrate a broad coalition from the middle and upper strata of society, and when the regime is unable to fully penetrate (i.e., control) the national territory which it governs. The collapse of the colonial model as an organizing principle for the coexistence of both Israelis and Palestinian Arabs was evidenced by the 1987 Palestinian uprising, which eventually led to the signing of the Oslo Accords.
[. . . .]
Most of the peace plans presently circulating . . .  are incremental in nature with ‘‘nationhood’’ held as the final reward for Palestinians. In a linear process, this is perhaps a logical approach. However . . . the eventual promise of peace is held hostage to Palestinian violence perpetrated against Israeli citizens and Israeli state-sponsored violence (and further land confiscations) perpetrated against Palestinians.
___Such tensions are indirectly promoted at the international level, given that the reality of globalism, which promotes the desirable dimension of multinational cooperation, has also given rise to backlash animosities, extremist aggression, and the international ‘‘war on terror.’’ Pressures from the former push Israel to withdraw from its colonial occupation of Palestinian lands, while pressures from the latter regularly condemn Palestinian actions against the occupation as terrorism.

  • Urban, J. Kristen. “Competitive Exclusion.” Politics & The Life Sciences 28.2 (2009): 69-83.  SOURCE 

Ma’an News Agency
Aug. 3, 2016
Israeli bulldozers on Wednesday demolished a Palestinian family’s home in the occupied East Jerusalem neighborhood of Beit Hanina — the sixth time since the family began seeking an Israeli-issued building license more than a decade ago — amid a massive escalation of demolitions in the city over recent weeks.
___The owner of the house, Izz al-Din Abu Nijma, said that the demolition “caught him by surprise,” though it remained unclear if a demolition notice had previously been delivered by Israeli authorities.
___In response to a request for comment, a spokesperson for the Jerusalem municipality told Ma’an they were not involved in the demolition, despite Beit Hanina being located within Jerusalem’s municipal boundaries.        MORE . . .  

Middle East Eye
August 3, 2016
Israeli politicians have approved jailing children as young as 12 convicted of “terrorist offences” in the wake of repeated attacks by young Palestinians, parliament said on Wednesday.
___”The ‘Youth Bill’, which will allow the authorities to imprison a minor convicted of serious crimes such as murder, attempted murder or manslaughter even if he or she is under the age of 14, passed its second and third readings… Tuesday night,” an English-language statement said.
___It added that the seriousness of attacks in recent months “demands a more aggressive approach, including toward minors”.
___The statement quoted Anat Berko, an MP from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s right-wing Likud party and the bill’s sponsor, as saying “to those who are murdered with a knife in the heart it does not matter if the child is 12 or 15”.     MORE . . .

From Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal
The declaration of an Emergency and the practices enabled through Emergency regulations are intensified forms of instrumentalised colonial governmentality and violence, part of the structure of settler colonialism – of settlement, dispossession, repression, expulsion and containment – in which the technologies and architectures of oppression are codified and the legitimacy of colonialism unquestioned by either the colonial administration or the settlement project. The state of emergency as an oppressive regime is characterised by surveillance, arrest and detention, screening, secret evidence and torture, and the workings of secret services and militarised violence – characteristics evident in Israeli daily practices over Palestine to structure what Pappe describes as an oppressive state . . . a secret services state. Three forms of violence . . . founding violence, the violence of legitimation that in turn produced ‘an imaginary capacity converting the founding violence into authorizing authority’ and a third form of violence that would ensure the ‘maintenance, spread and permanence’ of the authorizing authority – form the seamless web of colonial sovereignty. . . ‘(t)he lack of justice of the means, and the lack of the legitimacy of the ends, conspired to allow an arbitrariness and intrinsic unconditionality that may be said to have been the distinctive features of colonial sovereignty.’ (Quoting Mbembe, A. On the Postcolony, 2001)

  • Pfingst, Annie. “Militarised Violence In The Service Of State-Imposed Emergencies Over Palestine And Kenya.” Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 6.3 (2014): 6-37.     FULL ARTICLE
Israeli soldiers “conduct traumatic arrests of Palestinian children, often involving violence and humiliation,” says Defense for Children International-Palestine Section (Photo: Sliman Khader, APA images)

“. . . Young Palestinians do not go out to murder Jews because they are Jews . . .” (Amira Haas)

1-amal mukhamara
The mother of Murad Ideis, ACCUSED [not found guilty] . . . stands on the rubble of her home in Beit Amra after it was demolished by the Israeli army on 11 June. Photo: Wisam Hashlamoun APA images)
❶ Palestinian man dies of tear gas inhalation after clashes erupt at Qalandiya

  • From: Journal Of East Asia & International Law

❷ Israel can’t crush solidarity
. . . ❷ ― (ᴀ) Israeli court rejects appeal against punitive demolitions of Tel Aviv suspects’ family homes
❸ Analysis: Lack of Security for Palestinians
❹ POETRY by Zuhair Abu Shayib
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Ma’an News Agency
July 1, 2016
A Palestinian man was pronounced dead on Friday after suffering from excessive tear gas inhalation when Israeli forces earlier in the morning heavily fired tear gas at Palestinians crossing Qalandiya checkpoint from Ramallah into Jerusalem to attend prayers at the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
___The man, reportedly in his 50s, was one of at least 40 Palestinians who suffered from severe tear gas inhalation during clashes that broke out at the Qalandiya checkpoint.
___Witnesses told Ma’an that Palestinian Red Crescent paramedics were prevented by Israeli forces from treating the man at the start of the incident. However, they eventually were able to reach him.       MORE . . .

From: Journal Of East Asia & International Law
[. . . .]
Israel’s claim is also inconsistent with the peace agreements signed between Israel and the Palestinians basically adopting the two-state solution and the right to self-determination of the Palestinian people. The establishment of the Palestinian National Authority and the continued negotiations between the two parties to reach a just and comprehensive settlement constitutes an implicit acknowledgement of the occupation.
___. . .  In the case of Beit Sourik Village Council, the [Israeli] High Court adjudicated that The Hague Regulations and the first three Geneva Conventions constitute a part of international customary law and are thus binding Israel. The High Court also recognized the Fourth Geneva Convention in its Military Order No. 3 issued in June 1967, but revoked this recognition on the ground that the Convention was not mentioned in its own laws. The Court’s decision is a violation of international law, because it is inadmissible for any state to use its local laws as an excuse to refuse enforcing international treaties.
___The Hague and Geneva Conventions are binding on all states because these regulations constitute an integral part of international customary law. The second common article in the four Geneva Conventions states that: “[T]he Fourth Geneva Convention shall apply to all cases of partial or total occupation, even if the said occupation meets with no armed resistance.”

  • Shandi, Yousef. “Israel’s Claim Of The ‘Legitimate Right Of Self- Defense’ Regarding The Gaza Strip In Light Of International Law A Palestinian Lawyer’s Position.” Journal Of East Asia & International Law 3.2 (2010): 387-406.

The Electronic Intifada
Budour Youssef Hassan
June 30, 2016
Amal Mukhamara is fed up with the questions. She is tired of journalists inquiring why her son Khaled and his cousin Muhammad killed four Israelis in Tel Aviv earlier this month. She is tired of being asked if she condemns their actions or if she knew of their plans beforehand.
___“No mother will allow her son to put his life in danger,” she said. “But our sons do not ask us for our opinions or approval. They are driven to act because of all the injustice and aggression they have been subjected to by Israel.”
___The killings took place in an upmarket Tel Aviv square. Both of the alleged attackers were wounded before being arrested.       MORE . . .  
Ma’an News Agency
June 30, 2016
An Israeli military court rejected an appeal against house demolition orders presented to the families of two Palestinians suspected of carrying out a deadly attack in Tel Aviv earlier this month.
___Muhammad Ahmad Moussa Makhamreh and Khalid Muhammad Moussa Makhamreh, two cousins from the town of Yatta in the southern West Bank district of Hebron . . . are set to face trial. However, Israeli forces have ordered the demolition of their families’ homes.      MORE . . .

Palestinians are blocked entry as they wait at the Qalandiya checkpoint in northern Jerusalem 08 December 2005. (Photo: AFP/JAMAL ARURI)

Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture
21.2 (2015): 28-35
Amira Abd Elrahim
Whether Palestinians protest violently or nonviolently Israel responds with military force, so how can the violence end in the Occupied Palestinian Territories without an end to occupation.
___As we look around us at what has been happening lately, we stand speechless. As natives of the land of Palestine, we live in a never-ending conflict, under an authority that doesn’t recognize us or our rights [. . . .]
Palestinians who were accused of attacking Israelis were shot directly, either by Israeli military forces or by settlers who may have just felt insecure or threatened with or without reason. Most of the martyrs would not be liable for a death sentence in a state of law. . . .
___Israelis have a government and weapons. They are protected by an army that stands behind them. . . The Palestinians are the only people on this earth who are asked to guarantee the security of their occupier, while Israel is the only country that calls for defense from its victims. . .  Palestinians chose to resist and express their anger in their own way.
___You cannot be an innocent settler. . . .  you are guilty and your crimes cannot be swept away. As stated by Haaretz correspondent Amira Haas:

Young Palestinians do not go out to murder Jews because they are
Jews. It’s because Jews are their occupiers, their torturers, their jailers,
the thieves of their land and water, their exilers, the demolishers
of their homes, the blockers of their horizon. Young Palestinians,
vengeful and desperate, are willing to lose their lives and cause their
families great pain because the enemy they face proves every day
that its malice has no limits” (Haaretz, Oct 7, 2015).      MORE . . .

what source of light
does the day occur?
Does the earth propitiate itself
and the seas catch fire?
By what light
Do we shell roads until daybreak?
and the sound is bearable
and the morning, like bullets, is bearable.
Stop, you tall handsome one
we pass from
our blood to our blood
and never arrive
and take flight to our blood
and the siege pursues us.
The wound in our suitcases
Bears our features
While it is carried by the sea.
And death is bearable
and silence is bearable
and the morning, like bullets, is bearable.

From ANTHOLOGY  OF  MODERN  PALESTINIAN  LITERATURE.  Ed. Salma Khadra Jayyusi.Trans. May Jayyusi and Jeremy Reed. New York: Columbia University Press (August 15, 1994).
About Zuhair Abu Shayib