“. . . Under Article 43 of the Hague Regulations, Israel, as the Occupying Power, must ‘restore, and ensure, as far as possible, public order and safety’ . . .” (Marya Farah)

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Home demolition in East Jerusalem (Photo: Harold Knight, June, 2008)

❶ . Israeli authorities demolish 3 Palestinian structures in Jerusalem-area neighborhood
❷ . Eviction Orders Delivered to 8 Facilities in the Negev

  • Background:  “Planning In Area C: Discrimination in Law and Practice.” Palestine-Israel Journal Of Politics, Economics & Culture

❸ . Israeli settlers, forces raze land east of Nablus

` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ . ISRAELI AUTHORITIES DEMOLISH 3 PALESTINIAN STRUCTURES IN JERUSALEM-AREA NEIGHBORHOOD   
Ma’an News Agency     
Dec. 6, 2016
Israeli authorities demolished three Palestinian structures in the neighborhood of Silwan in the central occupied West Bank district of Jerusalem on Tuesday morning, according to the owners.
___Alaa Shweiki told Ma’an that bulldozers arrived on his property early Tuesday morning under armed military protection. The bulldozers then demolished a structure roofed with steel tubes and tin sheets that Shweiki used as a horse stable. He highlighted that the same structures had already been demolished in November.
___Shweiki added that Israeli forces confiscated one of his horses, and that bulldozers leveled some of his land and tore down fences and dry-stone walls.
___In the Karm al-Sheikh area of Silwan, Israeli forces demolished two houses under construction whose owners had previously demolished them on Saturday in compliance with an Israeli court order.     More . . . 

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Israeli Settlers Raze Palestinian Lands South of Nablus, April 4, 2016 (Photo: IMEMC)

❷ . EVICTION  ORDERS  DELIVERED  TO  8  FACILITIES  IN  THE  NEGEV     
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC 
December 5, 2016
Israeli authorities, on Sunday, gave eviction notices to eight Palestinian-owned facilities in the Umm al-Hiran village, in the Negev Desert.
___Head of the popular committee in the village, Raed Abu Qei’an, affirmed that Israel Land Administration crews stormed the village on Sunday, escorted by Israeli police forces, and delivered the evacuation orders, Pal Info reported, according to the PNN.     The evacuation orders were delivered against four houses and four sheds in the village, he added.
[. . . .] Israeli authorities seek to demolish the village and to forcibly displace its residents, and for the sole purpose of establishing a new Jewish settlement named “Hiran” over its ruins, in a flagrant violation of international laws and principles.      More . . .  

  • Farah, Marya. “Planning In Area C: Discrimination In Law And Practice.” Palestine-Israel Journal Of Politics, Economics & Culture 21.3 (2016): 39-48.  ARTICLE.

In the first week of March 2016 alone, 64 Palestinians were left homeless by Israeli demolitions in the West Bank. According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the month of February 2016 saw the highest number of demolitions in the West Bank since it began documenting them in 2009, with 235 homes and structures destroyed, dismantled or confiscated. This resulted in the displacement of 331 individuals, including 174 children in February.
___Communities targeted for demolition are often some of the most vulnerable, thus creating even more dire living conditions for individuals. In contrast to the visibly dismal and harsh human rights situation is the very sterile, methodical legal system, which “necessitates” the demolitions. At the same time, demolitions, and the coercive environment they create as a whole, cannot be divorced from Israel’s settlement enterprise. Both are part of a broader policy, and are performed under the pretense of legitimate authority.
___Under Article 43 of the Hague Regulations, Israel, as the Occupying Power, must “restore, and ensure, as far as possible, public order and safety” in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT). In carrying out this duty, a planning regime should serve the interests of the protected Palestinian population, but instead, the planning regime itself, as part of a larger dual set of laws and practices, obstructs the most basic rights of Palestinians.
[. . . .] Methods used for confiscating Palestinian land by the Israeli Civil Administration (ICA) include: requisition for military purposes, public needs (such as roads or nature reserves), and declarations of absentee land and state land.      [. . . .] In total, the Civil Administration, a body within the Israeli Ministry of Defense, is responsible for implementing Israeli government policy in the West Bank, and has authority over zoning, construction, and infrastructure matters in Area C. Within this structure, the Central Planning Bureau is responsible for the High Planning Council, and for all planning in Area C, including Palestinian communities and Israeli settlements. . .   This inevitably creates a situation where one body is examining matters for two conflicting interests: one that is in line with government policy, and the other that is in line with international law.   [. . . .]

❸ . ISRAELI  SETTLERS,  FORCES  RAZE  LAND  EAST  OF  NABLUS 
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA  
Dec. 6, 2016
Israeli settlers backed by soldiers razed Tuesday large areas of Palestinian-owned land east of Nablus in north of the West Bank, according to a local official.
___Gassan Daghlas, in charge of the settlements file in the Palestinian Authority, told WAFA that settlers and soldiers razed 40 dunums of agricultural land owned by Ahmad Nasser in the village of Jaloud. No reason was given for this act.     More . . .   

“. . . In the framework of international law . . . Palestinians are virtually nowhere . . .” (Laurie King-Irani)

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Jan, 15, 2014. A sports uniform is accused of “fomenting terrorism” and inspiring “violence and hatred”. The team is a Chilean soccer club called CLUB DEPORTIVO PALESTINO, and their offense was incorporating an image of historic Palestine on their jerseys. (Photo: Portside.org)

❶ . Chile-based court files war crimes lawsuit against Israeli Supreme Court justices
❷ . Human Rights Watch: Arabs face imminent displacement in Israel
❸ . IOF closes main road in Ramallah

  • Background: “Exiled To A Liminal Legal Zone: Are We All Palestinians Now?” Third World Quarterly

` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ . CHILE-BASED  COURT  FILES  WAR  CRIMES  LAWSUIT  AGAINST  ISRAELI  SUPREME  COURT  JUSTICES     
Ma’an News Agency     
Nov. 29, 2016
A Santiago-based court in Chile on Monday filed a war crimes lawsuit against three Israeli Supreme Court justices for approving the construction of the Israeli separation wall, declared illegal by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in 2004.
___According to Israeli newspaper Haaretz, the lawsuit was filed by six Palestinian landowners in Beit Jala in the occupied West Bank district of Bethlehem and alleged war crimes, including crimes against humanity, against former chief Justice Asher Grunis, and Justices Neal Hendel and Uzi Vogelman.
___The claimants reportedly own the land that is expected to be cut off from their village by the separation wall, while five of the plaintiffs are Chilean nationals, Haaretz reported.
___Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians migrated to Chile over the last century, resulting in a large Palestinian diaspora community in the South American country, while many Palestinians with Chilean nationality also reside in the West Bank, particularly in Beit Jala.      More . . .

❷ . HUMAN  RIGHTS  WATCH:  ARABS  FACE  IMMINENT  DISPLACEMENT  IN  ISRAEL     
Days of Palestine
Nov. 30, 2016
More than 80,000 Palestinians in Negev are currently under Israeli threat of displacement Israeli occupation authorities should revoke plans to forcibly displace Arab residents from the Negev village of Umm al-Hiran, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said.
___The American human rights group said that the Israeli occupation is planning to force the Arabs, the indigenous Palestinian resident who remained home after the Israeli occupation of Palestine, in the village to build a new Jewish community in its place.     ___According to a statement by HRW, the Israeli Execution and Collection Authority on November 20, 2016, approved a request by the Israeli Land Authority to forcibly demolish two homes and approximately eight surrounding structures at the entrance of Umm al-Hiran.
[. . . .] Adalah, a nongovernmental legal centre that advocates for Arab minority rights in Israel and represents Umm al-Hiran residents, fears that the evictions will take place before the November 30 deadline.
___In a statement to Human Rights Watch, the lead Adalah attorney on the case, Suhad Bishara, said they would continue to “seek all available legal channels” to halt the displacement and support the “existential, moral and legitimate right” of the villagers to “continue living on their land.”
___In conditions similar to those in Umm al-Hiran, about 80,000 Arabs live under constant threat of home demolitions in 35 villages that Israel does not recognise in the Negev.     More . . .    Related . . .    ETHNIC  CLEANSING:  NEGEV  IS  A  BATTLEFIELD  FOR  A  VERY  FIERCE  STRUGGLE    Palestine Chronicle    Nov 29 2016

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May 06, 2015. Court rules that Umm al-Hiran in the northern Negev is built on state land, paving way for construction of Jewish community of Hiran. (Photo: Ha’aretz)

❸ . IOF  CLOSES  MAIN  ROAD  IN  RAMALLAH  
Alray-Palestinian Media Agency 
Nov. 30, 2016
Israeli occupation forces (IOF) closed on Wednesday morning the main road between Silwad town and Ain Yabrod village east of Ramallah city in the center of the West Bank with cement cubes.
___Local sources said that the IOF closed the bridge connecting Ain Yabrod village with Silwad town and forced Palestinian citizens to take other long alternative roads. More . . .

(Note: While the article below is 10 years old and some of the legal issues it discusses have been decided, it is still an insightful and compelling study of the Palestinian Diaspora. I have included a much longer quotation than I usually do. Unfortunately the article is available online only through EBSCO databases or Research Gate.)   

  • King-Irani, Laurie. “Exiled To A Liminal Legal Zone: Are We All Palestinians Now?” Third World Quarterly 27.5 (2006): 923-936.   SOURCE. 

As a diaspora of over nine million people, Palestinians are everywhere: second-class citizens of Israel, stateless residents of fragmented and walled-in Bantustans in the occupied West Bank, refugees residing inside and outside of camps in Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan; and immigrants, students, professionals and nationalised citizens in virtually every country in the world. Palestinians dwell in the ‘First’ as well as the ‘Third’ worlds, economically speaking. Among the far-flung Palestinian diaspora are some of the poorest as well as some of the wealthiest people in the world. In the framework of international law, however, Palestinians are virtually nowhere. As stateless persons they occupy a liminal and interstitial space in the international legal and political order, an order that (contemporary discourses of cosmopolitanism, globalisation and emergent transnational organisations aside) remains founded upon and grounded in the interests of sovereign nation-states rather than in the claims of sub- or transnational actors, whether individuals or groups.
___Palestinians reaped few if any benefits from the late 20th century florescence of international humanitarian law (IHL), an era that witnessed a serious international focus on human rights and ‘policing the past’, as well as the establishment of the first ad hoc international criminal tribunals in half a century to address massive human rights violations (including genocide) in Africa and Europe. The defining event of the 1990s for Palestinians was the signing of the Oslo Accords and the now-famous handshake  between PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat and the late Israeli Prime Minster Yitzhak Rabin in 1993.
___Oslo, however, was not founded on international law or treaties but, rather, constituted a negotiated agreement between unequal partners. It was an agreement that side-stepped the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, UN General Assembly Resolution 194 (concerning the rights of Palestinian refugees), UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 (censuring Israel’s acquisition of territory by force), the Fourth Geneva Convention’s limitations on the actions of an occupying power, and a bevy of annual reports, issued by such bodies as the UN Human Rights Commission, the International Jurists Commission, and the International Committee of the Red Cross, emphasising Israel’s duty to uphold IHL and to abide by all of international treaties it has signed.
___The Oslo Accords (the Declaration of Principles— DOP) did not represent a legally binding, international document, but a slippery ‘deal’ or ‘understanding’ brokered by the USA, a superpower actor with a long record of supporting Israel regardless of its failure to comply with international humanitarian norms. Rather than being empowering, conciliatory, or liberating the Palestinians from a chronic state of legal and political liminality, the Oslo process ultimately proved to be a coercive set of mechanisms that further entrenched Israeli control over Palestinian land. It also set precedents for a dangerous attenuation of IHL’s relevance to the overall Israeli – Palestinian conflict.
___Following the Al-Qaida attacks on New York City and Washington, DC on 11 September 2001, IHL’s growing focus on the needs of individual victims was eclipsed once again by the interests of sovereign states, or, as Hajjar terms them, hyper-sovereign states.10 The USA and its ally, Israel, are the chief embodiments of hyper-sovereignty, a political and military stance characterised by pre-emptive policies, a distaste for multilateral legal frameworks to counter emerging extra-state threats, and a pronounced reliance on overwhelming unilateral force that often violates IHL, international human rights law (IHRL) and UN resolutions, while rendering international diplomacy beside the point. The travails of the Palestinian people since 1948 offer a disturbing, though highly instructive, reverse-image view of the contours and limitations—as well as the possibilities—of an international legal order. The ongoing Palestinian tragedy also illuminates serious contradictions in prevailing discourses of human and civil rights, exposing ambiguities in prevailing legal definitions of, and guarantees for, human beings.
[. . . .]

 

 

“. . . Since 1967, the Israeli government has treated these Jerusalemites as foreign immigrants . . .” (Tariq S. Nassar)

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Ras al-Amoud in East Jerusalem on October 21, 2014. (photo credit: Miriam Alster/Flash90)

❶ Pro-settler group returns to court to evict 9 Palestinian families in Jerusalem
. . . ❶ ― (a) After Amona ruling, Jerusalem asks court to approve demolition of Palestinian homes

  • Background:  “Israelization Of East Jerusalem, Land Through Identity And The Question Of Citizenship.” Palestine-Israel Journal Of Politics, Economics & Culture

❷ Army Invades Silwan, Al-‘Eesawiyya And Hizma, In Jerusalem, Kidnaps One Palestinian
❸ Israeli forces attack citizens in Jenin
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
PRO-SETTLER  GROUP  RETURNS  TO  COURT  TO  EVICT  9  PALESTINIAN  FAMILIES  IN  JERUSALEM 
Ma’an News Agency
Nov. 16, 2016
Ateret Cohanim, a pro-settler Israeli organization, has asked the Israeli courts to begin the evictions of nine Palestinian families in the neighborhood of Silwan in occupied East Jerusalem, according to Israeli media.
___Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported that the total number of Palestinian families the settler group has attempted to evict has risen to 72, all of whom live in the Batan al-Hawa area of Silwan.
___Ateret Cohanim is an Israeli pro-settlement nonprofit organization — receiving tax-deductible donations from the United States through their financial intermediary American Friends of Ateret Cohanim — which focuses on “Judaizing” East Jerusalem through a Jewish reclamation project working to expand illegal settlements and facilitate Jewish takeover of Palestinian properties across the Green Line into Palestinian territory.
___The Wadi Hilweh Information Center obtained a map last year that detailed the group’s plans of confiscating 5,200 square meters of land in the Batan al-Hawa area of Silwan under claims that the properties were owned by Jews from Yemen since 1881.     More . . .
. . . ❶ ― (a) AFTER  AMONA  RULING,  JERUSALEM  ASKS  COURT  TO  APPROVE  DEMOLITION  OF  PALESTINIAN  HOMES   
Ma’an News Agency
Nov. 16, 2016
In response to the Israeli Supreme Court’s ruling to evacuate the illegal Israeli outpost of Amona in the occupied West Bank by the year’s end, the Jerusalem Municipality has reportedly demanded that the court in turn approve the immediate demolition of more than a dozen Palestinian homes in Jerusalem.
___Leading up to a court session regarding a petition by the state to postpone the evacuation of Amona, the implementation of which has faced almost a decade of delays amid widespread backlash from Israel’s right-wing government, Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat threatened last week that dismantling the outpost would be met with the mass demolition of Palestinian homes lacking Israeli-issued building permits in occupied East Jerusalem.      More . . .

  • Nassar, Tariq S. “Israelization Of East Jerusalem, Land Through Identity And The Question Of Citizenship.” Palestine-Israel Journal Of Politics, Economics & Culture 21.2 (2015): 5-11.  Full article.  

After Israel occupied the West Bank following the 1967 War, it annexed around 70.5 square kilometers of the West Bank into the Jerusalem municipality boundary and claimed Jerusalem as an open city. The Palestinians who remained in Jerusalem were protected by the International Humanitarian Law (IHL), since the annexation conflicted with the resolutions of the United Nations Security Council.
___The Israeli government at that time granted the Palestinian Jerusalemites a permanent residency status and offered them the right to apply for Israeli citizenship, but Palestinians refused to apply for it. [. . . .] The different strategies and policies in East Jerusalem include planning practices, combined with laws and regulations restricting Palestinians with permanent residency status from entering their city or changing their identity. In the past decade the number of Palestinians acquiring Israeli citizenship has increased substantially.
[. . . .]   Approximately 360,000 Palestinians have Jerusalem IDs, which means that they have permanent residency status, which allows them to live in and enter the city. The status of this permanent residency depends on the holder’s actual staying in Jerusalem and is less secure than citizenship. Since 1967, the Israeli government has treated these Jerusalemites as foreign immigrants who have freely chosen to go and work in Israel and can apply for Israeli citizenship.
[. . . .]    The Israeli urban planners in Jerusalem aimed to enlarge the municipality boundaries as much as possible by using both hidden and clear planning tools in order to weaken and segregate the Palestinians communities in Jerusalem. . . . In 2004, when the Jerusalem municipality officially declared the first comprehensive master plan for Jerusalem, the “Jerusalem Master Plan 2000,” they had a clear, written ethno-demographic policy goal of keeping Jerusalem “30% Arab and 70% Jewish”. The current demographic ratio is around 40% Arabs and 60% Jewish, despite all the Israeli policies trying to keep it around 30% to 70%.
[. . . .]  For more than 45 years, the municipality of Jerusalem has neglected to allow Arab rural villages to become dense urban areas by failing to provide them with a proper planning process or even an outline plan in some areas. The constraints against obtaining a building permit are one of the municipal policies that aim to limit the Arab expansion in Jerusalem. This restriction often leads to illegal buildings and, consequently, the eventual use of house demolition policy, another means used to dominate the Palestinian Jerusalemite population.
___Another planning tool used by the Israeli government to try to ensure the 30% Arab and 70% Jewish ratio is the building of Jewish settlements in East Jerusalem along with the confiscation of Palestinian land. In addition to this building and confiscating, the Israeli government has also managed to declare many areas in East Jerusalem to be national parks, thus transferring the responsibility of these lands from the municipality to the National Parks Authority (NPA), a national authority. According to the “Jerusalem Master Plan 2000,” most of the areas that were declared national parks in East Jerusalem were areas where Palestinian Jerusalemites lived and owned land.

ARMY  INVADES  SILWAN,  AL-‘EESAWIYYA  AND  HIZMA,  IN  JERUSALEM,  KIDNAPS  ONE  PALESTINIAN  
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC      
November 16, 2016
Israeli soldiers invaded, on Tuesday evening, Ras al-‘Amoud neighborhood, in Silwan town, south of the Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem and kidnapped a young Palestinian man. The army also invaded Hizma and al-‘Eesawiyya towns, in Jerusalem, and clashed with dozens of youngsters.
___Several army jeeps invaded Ras al-‘Amoud, searched homes and kidnapped a former political prisoner, identified as Abed Ez Barbar.        More . . .   

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Army Invades Al-‘Eesawiyya And Silwan In Jerusalem. Feb. 15 2013 (Photo: IMEMC)

ISRAELI  FORCES  ATTACK  CITIZENS  IN  JENIN    
Alray-Palestinian Media Agency   
Nov. 16, 2016
Israeli occupation forces (IOF0 stormed at dawn on Wednesday Zaboba at western city of Jenin in the northern West Bank and attacked Palestinian citizens.
___Locals said that the IOF stormed the town at dawn, raided houses, and attacked the citizens.
___They stormed the houses of Mahmoud Jaradat, Thaer Jaradat, Ashraf Zoqsaq, and Wahed Zoqsaq.      More . . .

“. . . “States must each protect minorities, their national or ethnic identity and their linguistic, cultural and religious identity. . . .” (UN Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights)

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#Photo of The #SuperMoon from the capital of #Palestine, #Jerusalem (Widely posted on Facebook, Nov. 13, 2016)

❶ US slams Israeli plan to ‘legalise’ settlement outposts

  • Background: “The Palestinians In Israel: The Challenge Of The Indigenous Group Politics In The ‘Jewish State’.” Journal Of Muslim Minority Affairs

❷ Israel moves forward with bill to ban Muslim call to prayer over loudspeakers
❸ PCHR Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the oPt (03 – 09 November 2016)
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
US  SLAMS  ISRAELI  PLAN  TO  ‘LEGALISE’  SETTLEMENT  OUTPOSTS
Al Jazeera English   
Nov. 15, 2016
The US has described as “troubling” an Israeli bill supported by a ministerial committee allowing settlers in the occupied West Bank to remain in homes built on private Palestinian land, additing it hoped the law does not pass.
___”We are deeply concerned about the advancement of legislation that would allow for the legalisation of illegal Israeli outposts located on private Palestinian land,” State Department spokeswoman Elizabeth Trudeau told a briefing on Monday.
___While most of Israel’s settlements in occupied east Jerusalem and the West Bank – all of which are illegal under international law – are constructed under the auspices of the Israeli government, outposts are built without authorisation and technically illegal under Israeli law.      More . . .       Background . . .  Israel to legalise Jewish outposts in occupied territories

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A file photograph of Adei Ad, the illegal settlement outpost in the West Bank (Photo: REUTERS/Nir Elias, Jan. 2, 2015)

. . . ❶― (a) ISRAELI  AUTHORITIES  DEMOLISH  3  STRUCTURES  IN  JERUSALEM  DISTRICT  AMID  SPATE  OF  DEMOLITIONS       
Ma’an News Agency  
Nov. 15, 2016
Israeli authorities demolished three agricultural structures in the Jerusalem district neighborhoods of Silwan and Jabal al-Mukabbir on Tuesday morning, according to witnesses.
___Alaa Shweiki, a resident of the al-Thuri area in Silwan, told Ma’an Israeli police and Jerusalem municipality inspectors stormed the area around his home and escorted bulldozers onto his property.
___The bulldozers then demolished one structure roofed with steel tubes and tin sheets that he uses as horse stable, as well as a shack he uses to store agricultural equipment.     More . . .     Related . . . Israeli forces demolish residential structures south of Hebron

  • Ghanem, As’ad, and Mohanad Mustafa. “The Palestinians In Israel: The Challenge Of The Indigenous Group Politics In The ‘Jewish State’.” Journal Of Muslim Minority Affairs 31.2 (2011): 177-196.    Source.  

The Palestinians . . .  live in a state that was forced on them and does not represent them. A striking example of the attitude of the ruling majority towards the Palestinian minority in Israel is in the statements . . .  that as part of the peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, the Palestinian side should accept Israel as a “Jewish state.”
[. . . .]  According to the definition of . . .  the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities a “minority” is a governed group, with citizenship from the state in which it lives. Its unique ethnic, religious and linguistic attributes separate it from the rest of the people in the nation in which it lives. The term “Indigenous Minority” . . .  refers to the remaining minority of a group that resides in its own homeland, despite other immigrant groups occupying it or founding a new state on its lands. . .  The Palestinian minority in Israel meets most of the criteria to be considered indigenous. These criteria were enumerated by the United Nations . . .  early presence, voluntary conservation of cultural uniqueness, self-definition as an indigenous people, refusal to be subjugated, trivialized, marginalized, expelled or discriminated against by the hegemonic society. . . the presence of a group of people as a society, and their attachment to a specific area.
[. . . .]   The first section of the declaration on persons belonging to national or ethnic minorities, or those belonging to religious and linguistic minorities reads: “States must each protect minorities, their national or ethnic identity and their linguistic, cultural and religious identity. States must also lay the groundwork to facilitate the cultivation of the various identities”.
[. . . .]  The foundation of the Judaization idea is far from being an integral part of the democratic system. Oren Yiftachel calls these practices “ethnocracy”, therefore, the ethnocratic regime is founded on a national project that imposes ethnic national hegemony on the domain through the processes of expansion and settlement. In the case of Zionism, the Judaization of the domain and the land produces an ethnocratic regime. Spatial control is one of the important pillars of the ethnocratic regime. Its goal is the “creation of a new ethno-political geography”. The process of “ethnicizing” a disputed region evolves in the following stages: separation of settlements is used to propagate the control of the majority over the land. In this process the minority is labeled a threat to the ethnic control of land. Subsequently, land planning—which enables the ethnic control of the land. Finally, structural discrimination against the minority, denying it access to development projects and access to the distribution of resources. [. . . .]

ISRAEL  MOVES  FORWARD  WITH  BILL  TO  BAN  MUSLIM  CALL  TO  PRAYER  OVER  LOUDSPEAKERS
Ma’an News Agency
Nov. 14, 2016
The Israeli Ministerial Committee on Legislation approved on Sunday draft legislation which could ban the use of loudspeakers to broadcast the Muslim call to prayer in Israel.     ___The bill, which calls for barring the use of loudspeakers for any religious or “inciting” messages as part of the call to prayer, would need to go through several readings in the Knesset — Israel’s parliament — before making it into law, Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported on Sunday.
___The call to prayer — also known as the adhan — is broadcast five times a day from mosques or Islamic centers.     More . . . 

Call to prayer from area of Masjid al-Aqsa; the first Qiblah of the believers.
May Allah bring liberation to the people of Palestine. Aameen

PCHR  WEEKLY  REPORT  ON  ISRAELI  HUMAN  RIGHTS  VIOLATIONS  IN  THE  OPT  (03 – 09  NOVEMBER  2016)
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
Nov. 14, 2016
During the week of 03 – 09 November 2016, Israeli forces killed a Palestinian civilian at the entrance to the “Ofra” settlement, northeast of Ramallah and al-Bireh. Additionally, 6 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a photojournalist, were wounded in the occupied West Bank.
___Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (oPt), during the reporting period, were as follows:   More . .

“. . . I have nightmares. Sometimes I dream that the police are in my house coming to take me . . .” (Muslim Odeh, 12 years old)

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Funeral of 13-year-old Ahmad Sharaka at Jalazone Refugee Camp, West Bank, Oct. 12, 2015 (Photo: Still from Youtube)

❶ 20 Palestinians injured, 1 critically, after Israeli forces violently disperse march

  • Background:  “Childhood: A Universalist Perspective For How Israel Is Using Child Arrest And Detention To Further Its Colonial Settler Project.” International Journal Of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies

❷ IOF arrests six Jerusalemites
❸ Military Court Watch (monitoring the treatment of children in detention)
❹ Defense for Children International Palestine (DCIP)
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
20  PALESTINIANS  INJURED,  1  CRITICALLY,  AFTER  ISRAELI  FORCES  VIOLENTLY  DISPERSE  MARCH
Ma’an News Agency
Oct. 15, 2016
Some 20 Palestinians were injured Saturday evening — one critically with a live bullet to the head — during clashes at the main entrance to the al-Jalazun refugee camp in northern Ramallah in the central occupied West Bank, following a march commemorating the FIRST  ANNIVERSARY  OF  THE  KILLING  OF  13-YEAR-OLD  AHMAD  SHARAKA, who was shot and killed by Israeli forces last year during clashes.     ___Palestinian youth threw rocks, Molotov cocktails, and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers who attempted to disperse the demonstration by firing live ammunition, rubber-coated steel bullets, and tear gas canisters at the dozens of participants in the march, before Israeli soldiers eventually retreated to the illegal Israeli Beit El settlement.        More . . .       Background . . .

  • Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Nadera. “Childhood: A Universalist Perspective For How Israel Is Using Child Arrest And Detention To Further Its Colonial Settler Project.” International Journal Of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies 12.3 (2015): 223-244.   Source . . .  

As defined by the World Health Organization, child maltreatment, which is sometimes referred to as child abuse and neglect, includes all forms of physical and emotional ill treatment, sexual abuse, neglect and exploitation that results in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, development or dignity.
[. . . .]
Muslim Odeh was first arrested at age nine. Now 12 years old, Odeh has been imprisoned 10 times over the course of three years. Odeh’s arrest scenarios violate a number of the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) stipulations and recommendations made by UNICEF, including arrest during early morning hours (Recommendation 3i), blindfolding (Recommendation 4iii; Recommendation 4v), and hours of interrogation without parental or legal supervision or knowledge of charges (Article 37c; Article 37d). Odeh also recalls being beaten to the point where he vomited. The aftermath of his arrests reveal that Odeh suffered not only physical pain, but also psychological trauma: “I have nightmares. Sometimes I dream that the police are in my house coming to take me, but then I wake up to see that I’m not in prison but in my house.” Odeh’s reaction to his ordeals – the apprehension he now feels when sleeping in his own bed, for example – illustrates the extent to which Israeli state violence invades even the most intimate everyday sphere. Odeh’s case shows that within Israel’s established state framework, United Nations Conventions are overridden and disregarded with impunity. International and human rights law fails to apply to the state apparatus or moral consciousness. Instead, children such as Odeh are rendered “non-children” who fail to qualify for basic human protection.
[. . . .]     Israel is the only known country in the world to try children in juvenile military courts. Despite the nomenclature, the juvenile military court uses the same facilities and court staff as the adult military court. The extra-judicial military court established solely for trying children negates Israel’s responsibility, not just to the UNCRC, but also the Geneva and Hague Conventions. This juvenile military court is rife with injustice and discriminatory practices. For example, children are not accompanied by a lawyer or parent during their interrogations, and are often unaware of the allegations that have been made against them.
[. . . .]    . . . institutionalized violence embedded in Israel’s settler colonial project has come to accept the stealing of childhood – the criminalization and suffering of children – as unavoidable and “normal.” As the earlier evidence makes abundantly clear, Palestinian children are becoming, with greater frequency and more intense efforts, the major targets of Israel’s eliminatory state violence. Israel employs a number of tactics – discriminatory arrests, home demolitions, forced evictions, brutal interrogations, torture within prison systems, inequitable practices in the juvenile military court – that traumatize Palestinian children. These efforts to marginalize and terrorize Palestinian children, sometimes before they are even born, highlight the security regime’s designation of such children as a threat to the state. Palestinian children comprise approximately 50 percent of the entire Palestinian population and are therefore an important factor in the future and success of the Israeli Zionist project. Thus, the maltreatment of Palestinian children plays an important role in propagating the structure of Israeli settler colonialism.

IOF  ARRESTS  SIX  JERUSALEMITES
Alray-Palestinian Media Agency
Oct. 16, 2016
Israeli occupation authorities arrested Sunday at dawn six Jerusalemites after raiding their houses in Silwan and Old City in occupied Jerusalem.
___The head of the committee of Jerusalemite detainees’ families, Amjad Abu Asab said that the IOF ARRESTED  TWO  YOUTHS  AND  THREE  MINORS  FROM  SILWAN.
___It also arrested a 50-old man after raiding his house in the Old City. The IOF took all of them to al-Muskubīya interrogation center.      More . . .    

MILITARY  COURT  WATCH  (MONITORING  THE  TREATMENT  OF  CHILDREN  IN  DETENTION)
Briefing Note – October 2016
[. . . .]    According to the most recent IPS data, 414  CHILDREN  (12-17 YEARS)  WERE  HELD  IN  MILITARY  DETENTION  AT  THE  END  OF  APRIL  2016. This represents a 91 per cent increase compared with the monthly average for 2015. The latest data includes 12 girls; three children under 14 years; and 13 children held without charge or trial in administrative detention.       More . . .    

❹ Source for continuing coverage:
DEFENSE  FOR  CHILDREN  INTERNATIONAL  PALESTINE  (DCIP)  

“. . . Repression has many faces; as does dissent . . .” (Matthew Longo)

bulldozing_yarza_road_full
Civil Administration bulldozer razing the Tubas-Yarza road the first time. (Photo: B’Tselem, 3 May 2012)

❶ Israeli forces close entrances of Issawiya neighborhood in East Jerusalem

. . . ❶ ― (a) Silwan: The Martyrdom of freed prisoner Ali Shyoukhi

  • Background:  “A Checkpoint Effect? Evidence From A Natural Experiment On Travel Restrictions In The West Bank.” American Journal Of Political Science

❷ Israel destroys 2 KLM road in Jordan valley for the second time
❸ Israel Tightens Closure on Gaza, West Bank and Jerusalem for Yom Kippur
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
ISRAELI FORCES CLOSE ENTRANCES OF ISSAWIYA NEIGHBORHOOD IN EAST JERUSALEM
Ma’an News Agency
Oct. 13, 2016
Israeli forces reportedly closed the main entrance of occupied East Jerusalem neighborhood of Issawiya on Wednesday evening, and detained five Palestinians.     ___Local follow-up committee member Muhammad Abu al-Hummus said that Israeli soldiers closed the main entrance of the village with cement blocks, claiming that residents were throwing Molotov cocktails.
___Abu al-Hummus said that Israeli forces had closed the entrance of Issawiya on Wednesday afternoon for the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, reopened it, and later closed it again as “collective punishment.”     More . . .
. . . ― (a) SILWAN: THE MARTYRDOM OF FREED PRISONER ALI SHYOUKHI
Wadi Hilweh Information Center – Silwan
October 11, 2016
The 20-year old Ali Atef Shyoukhi passed away on Tuesday night after being shot by the occupation forces in Silwan.
___Shyoukhi was shot in the pelvis and the ambulance was not able to reach him due to the closure imposed on the area by the occupation forces.     More . . . 
Related . . .    RESIDENTS PROTEST CLOSURE OF THEIR JERUSALEM NEIGHBORHOOD 

  • Longo, Matthew, Daphna Canetti, and Nancy Hite-Rubin. “A Checkpoint Effect? Evidence From A Natural Experiment On Travel Restrictions In The West Bank.” American Journal Of Political Science 58.4 (2014): 1006-1023.   Full article.

Repression has many faces; as does dissent. In this paper we expose how even non-violent – if even seemingly banal – forms of repression have a considerable impact on the attitudes of subject populations. In our study, we find a positive correlation between repression (impediments to mobility) and dissent (support for violence), despite the fact that the repressive institution we study, checkpoints, are mostly non-violent in nature . . . . as while non-violent means of repression might increase in number, their harms are different than violent ones, and thus they cannot be measured on the same scale
[. . . . ] A final corrective our study offers is to question the mechanism by which repression foments dissent, which is via legitimacy – i.e. that citizens no longer deem their government a legitimate representative. How can these logics apply when the repressive forces and the subject masses are of different constituent bodies? In the West Bank, the circumstance is not within-states, but between-‘states’. . . . Occupation sits at the conceptual midpoint between authoritarianism and conflict, with attributes of both, but aligning fully with neither. In our case, the West Bank is administered daily in an authoritarian manner; but it is also a cog in a conflict of which both sides are a part . . . .
. . .  There is little question that checkpoints are a great impediment on the lives of Palestinians. But it is our noteworthy finding that they might be a detriment to Israeli and regional security as well by making Palestinians more likely to support violence and radicalism, rather than diplomatic negotiation. . . .   Thus we ask: is Israel better off with checkpoints in the West Bank? Arguably the worst thing for long-term security is a radicalized Palestinian population that increasingly supports violence against the Israeli state. Thus, at best the Israeli state is trading off long-term risk for short-term safety. . . .

“The current Israeli Defense Force (IDF) movement and closure regime
in the West Bank is effectively designed to provide tactical security
against terrorist attacks. Yet it severely constrains the movement of
Palestinian commercial goods, limits economic activity and halts
development. Israel has the right and responsibility to ensure its security
and that of its citizens. However, the current approach to security exacts
a considerable price in terms of Israel’s long-term security and political
interests, which in part require the development of the Palestinian
economy as a prerequisite for Palestinian statehood” (Berman, Eli. 2008.
“Report on Palestinian Movement and Access: An Integrated Approach
to Security and Commercial Movement.” University of California Institute
on Global Conflict and Cooperation).

❷ ISRAEL DESTROYS 2 KLM ROAD IN JORDAN VALLEY FOR THE SECOND TIME
Palestine News Network – PNN
Oct. 13, 2016
Israeli Ocupation Forces (IOF) on Thursday morning have destroyed, for the second time, a road that leads to a Bedouin community site, named Khirbet Hadidiya in the northern Jordan Valley.
___An army bulldozer accompanied with four military jeeps broke into the area and destroying the 2-kilometer-long road leading to the community where 120 citizens are living.       More . . .  block

Israeli Border Police block the entrance to Issawiya, checking Palestinians wanting to pass, on October 20, 2015. (Photo: Nati Shohat/Flash90)

ISRAEL TIGHTENS CLOSURE ON GAZA, WEST BANK AND JERUSALEM FOR YOM KIPPUR
IMEMC-International Middle East Media Center
October 11, 2016
Israeli occupation authorities have imposed a full security cordon, beginning last night, on the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, for the Jewish holiday of “Forgiveness”.     ___According to Israeli public radio, all Gaza crossings will be closed from today until Thursday night, except for emergency cases.
___For his part, the director of the Kerem Shalom crossing said that the crossing is fully closed from today until Thursday, and that the closure also includes prevention of the entry of fuel, including cooking gas and power station fuel.      More . . .  

“. . . Filling the dungeons with pride . . .” (Tawfiq Zayyad)

silwan
Arrest of Jerusalem child, February 9, 2015 (Photo: Silwan, Jerusalem, SILWANIC)

❶ The occupation forces arrest two children from Shu’fat and renew the administrative arrest of a young man
. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) Arrest and abuse by Israeli police part of life for children in Silwan
❷ Palestinian youth shot, injured in head with live fire during Israeli raid on Ramallah-area village
❸ Israeli Soldiers Kidnap Three Palestinians In Bethlehem
❹ Opinion/Analysis:  PALESTINE IMPACTS EVERY SOCIETY IN THE WORLD
❺ POETRY by Tawfiq Zayyad
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ THE OCCUPATION FORCES ARREST TWO CHILDREN FROM SHU’FAT AND RENEW THE ADMINISTRATIVE ARREST OF A YOUNG MAN…EXTENSIONS OF ARREST
Wadi Hilweh Information Center – Silwan
July 24, 2016
The occupation forces arrested two children from the neighborhood of Shu’fat north of Jerusalem.
___Lawyer Mohammad Mahmoud explained that the Israeli forces arrested Adam Abu Khdeir and Mahmoud Mohammad Abu Khdeir from Shu’fat and transferred them for interrogation.
___On the other hand, the occupation authorities renewed the administrative arrest imposed on Ahmad Abu Mayaleh for 3 more months as explained by lawyer Mahmoud.
MORE . . .  
. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) ARREST AND ABUSE BY ISRAELI POLICE PART OF LIFE FOR CHILDREN IN SILWAN
Defense for Children International Palestine (DCIP)
Elisa Tappeiner
Feb 22, 2014
[. . . .] ___The consequences of child arrests in Silwan, and other Palestinian neighborhoods of Jerusalem, extend beyond the detention period. The traumatic experience of arrest and interrogation alongside the constant fear of arrest, disruption of education and the financial burden of posting bail and paying fines have taken their toll on the children, their families and the Silwan community as a whole.    MORE . . .   

❷ PALESTINIAN YOUTH SHOT, INJURED IN HEAD WITH LIVE FIRE DURING ISRAELI RAID ON RAMALLAH-AREA VILLAGE
Ma’an News Agency
July 24, 2016
A Palestinian youth was seriously injured Sunday at dawn during clashes with Israeli forces who raided the village of Silwad in the Ramallah district of the occupied West Bank.
___According to the Palestinian news agency Wafa, the youth was injured in the head with live fire and was taken to Palestine Medical Complex in Ramallah in a serious condition.
___Israeli forces reportedly fired live bullets, stun grenades, and tear gas as it raided the village in the pre-dawn hours of Sunday, while youths responded with throwing rocks and molotov cocktails.     MORE . . .  

ramallah
Thirteen-year-old Ahmad Sharaka, shot dead by Israeli forces in Ramallah, October 11, 2015 (Photo: Al Jazeera)

❸ ISRAELI SOLDIERS KIDNAP THREE PALESTINIANS IN BETHLEHEM
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
July 24, 2016
Many Israeli military jeeps invaded, on Sunday at dawn, Bethlehem city and the nearby towns of al-Khader and Beit Sahour, searched homes and property before kidnapping three Palestinians, and confiscated surveillance tapes.
___Ahmad Salah, the coordinator of the Popular Committee against the Wall and Colonies in al-Khader town, south of Bethlehem, said the soldiers violently searched a number of homes and kidnapped two Palestinians.
___Salah added that the two kidnapped Palestinians, identified as Khaled Jamil Abu Samra, 50, and Mohammad Adeeb Mousa, 33, are former political prisoners.     MORE . . .

❹ Opinion/Analysis: PALESTINE IMPACTS EVERY SOCIETY IN THE WORLD
The Middle East Monitor – MEMO
July 21, 2016
The UK Parliament can have a positive impact on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict; Scottish National Party MP Paul Monaghan told a cross-party reception and seminar in London on Tuesday.
___The event, entitled “Palestine: Key for stability and peace in the Middle East”, was organised by the EuroPal Forum in an effort to build bridges between Palestinian, Arab and European decision makers and to exchange ideas to reach a just solution for the Palestinian cause.
[. . . .]
EuroPal Forum chairman, Zaher Birawi, said the Palestinian issue is an international issue that “has an impact on every single society in the world, in one way or another.” MORE . . .

“THE  IMPOSSIBLE,”  BY  TAWFIQ  ZAYYAD
It is much easier for you
To pass an elephant through a needle’s eye,
Or catch fried fish in a galaxy,
Plough the sea,
Force a crocodile to speak
Than to destroy by persecution
The shimmering glow of a belief,
Or check our march,
One single step.

As if we were a thousand prodigies
Spreading everywhere
In Lidda, in Ramallah, in the Galilee. . .
Here we shall stay,
A wall upon your breast,
And in your throat we shall stay,
A piece of glass, a cactus thorn,
And in your eyes,
A blazing fire.

Here we shall stay,
A wall upon your breast,
Cleaning dishes in taverns,
Filling cups for the masters,
Sweeping sooty kitchens
To snatch a bite from your blue fangs
For our children.
Here we shall stay.
A wall upon your breast,
Facing starvation,
Struggling with rags, defying,
Singing our songs,
Swarming the angry streets with our demonstrations,
Filling the dungeons with pride,
Rearing vengeance in new generations.
Like a thousand prodigies,
We roam along
In Lidda, in Ramallah, in the Galilee.

Here we shall stay,
Go then and jump into the lake.
We will guard even the shadow of our fig and olive trees,
And ferment our cause as yeast does dough.
Here we shall stay with steel-cold nerves,
And red hell in our hearts.
We squeeze the rock to quench our thirst
And lull starvation with dust,
But we shall not depart.
Here we shall spill our dearest blood,
Here we have a past,
A present,
A future.
Stay we will, like a thousand prodigies,
In Lidda, Ramallah, the Galilee.
Strike deep in the earth
Our living roots.

From: A  LOVER  FROM  PALESTINE  AND  OTHER  POEMS:  AN  ANTHOLOGY  OF  PALESTINIAN  POETRY.  Ed. Abdul Wahab Al-Messiri. Washington, DC: Free Palestine Press, 1970.  Available from Amazon.
About Tawfiq Zayyad

“. . . killed me once Then wore my face . . .” (Samih Al-Qasim)

PLEASE NOTE: The content of this blog has slightly changed. It presents fewer news items and gives more background for those items. This is in hopes of providing the reader (and the blogger) with deeper understanding of the issues that shape the news. Soon a means of linking to all of the articles will be provided. All can be found through an EBSCO search through any library with online databases.  Thank you. H.K.

Silwan, East Jerusalem, 28.03.2007
A group of Israeli settlers moved into an apartment building in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Silwan on August 28, 2015. (Photo: Active Stills)

❶ Israeli minister orders suspension of return of Palestinian bodies
❷ Israeli Bulldozers Demolish Tin-Sheet Muslim Chapel in Jerusalem Neighborhood
❸ Occupied Jerusalem’s Silwan under attack
Opinion/Analysis: GAINING  GROUND:  ISRAEL’S  PERMANENT  REPRESENTATION  AT  NATO
❺ POETRY by Samih Al-Qasim
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
ISRAELI  MINISTER  ORDERS  SUSPENSION  OF  RETURN  OF  PALESTINIAN  BODIES
Ma’an News Agency
May 24, 2016
Israeli Minister of Public Security Gilad Erdan announced on Tuesday that he had ordered Israeli police to suspend the return of bodies of Palestinians killed by Israeli forces [. . . .]
___Israel dramatically increased its policy of withholding bodies since the beginning of a wave of unrest across the occupied Palestinian territory since October, although it has scaled back on the policy in recent months.
___A joint statement released in early April by Addameer and the Israeli minority rights group Adalah condemned Israel’s practice of withholding bodies as “a severe violation of international humanitarian law as well as international human rights law, including violations of the right to dignity, freedom of religion, and the right to practice culture.”
MORE . . .

International Committee of the Red Cross
“Customary IHL – Rule 114.  Return of the Remains and personal Effects of the Dead”
Rule 114. Parties to the conflict must endeavour to facilitate the return of the remains of the deceased upon request of the party to which they belong or upon the request of their next of kin. They must return their personal effects to them.

Laucci, Cyril. “Customary International Humanitarian Law Study: Fundamental Guarantees.Slovenian Law Review 6.1/2 (2009): 191-204.
___Rule 104: Respect for convictions and religious practices
Religious convictions and practices are protected by IHL treaties. [. . . .]
___Rule IO5: Respect for family life
Family life is protected under Articles 27 and 82 of Geneva Convention N and Articles 4(3) and 5(2)(a) of Additional Protocol II. [. . . .]

Civic Coalition for Palestinian Rights in Jerusalem and Adalah – The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel.
Israel’s Refusal to Return Bodies of Deceased Palestinians Violates International Law
12 December 2015
At the time of writing, Israel has the bodies of 41 killed Palestinians in its possession and is refusing to return them to their families. Rather than reducing conflict, this practice has created more tension with Palestinians, and sparked demonstrations and clashes.
___Israel’s refusal to return Palestinian bodies violates provisions of both international humanitarian law and international human rights law.
International Humanitarian Law
___Returning bodies of the deceased from a conflict is an obligation under customary international law  [. . . . ]
___Failing to return the bodies of the deceased is a violation, inter alia, of the right to dignity, freedom of religion, and the right to practice one’s culture.

❷ ISRAELI  BULLDOZERS  DEMOLISH  TIN-SHEET  MUSLIM  CHAPEL  IN  JERUSALEM  NEIGHBORHOOD
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA
May 23, 2016
Israeli bulldozers Monday dawn demolished a Muslim chapel made of tin sheets in al-Musrara neighborhood opposite to Damascus Gate in Jerusalem, said a local information center [. . . .]
___The chapel was set up by Palestinian traders and public bus drivers who needed a chapel where they can perform their prayers.
___Meanwhile, Minister of Waqf and Religious Affairs Yusef Id’eis slammed the chapel demolition as an “aggression” and a “terrorist attack”.      MORE . . .

Matar, Ibrahim. “The Jewish Conquest of West and East Jerusalem: 1948 to the Present.” Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 17.1/2 (2011): 214-223.
Throughout its history Jerusalem was  a  united city. From the 7th  century  up  to  May  1948,  it was an Arab-Palestinian city with open access to the  faithful  of  the::  three  monotheistic religions.
___Jerusalem was a model of tolerance and coexistence, administered over the years by  a Palestinian  municipality  headed  mainly  by a Muslim mayor.
___The events of 1948 and 1967 changed this picture, when Jewish forces conquered Jerusalem: Its west, then eastern, parts came under sole Israeli control. As a consequence, the conquering forces engaged in uprooting and displacing the indigenous Christian and Muslim Palestinian population . . . .

Safieh, Afif. “On Jerusalem.” Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 17.1/2 (2011): 224-229.
There were several Palestinian residential neighborhoods [in Jerusalem] where middle-class Palestinians, civil servants, lawyers, engineers and doctors lived and worked. To name just a few: Qatamon , Upper and Lower Baq’a -before 1948 my family lived in Upper Baq’a -Talbiyeh , Mamillah, Shamma’a, Musrara, Abu-Tor, etc. The Palestinians left with only the key to their houses and one of the sad jokes among Palestinians is that their country was taken furnished. The late Professor Henry Cattan has analysed in great depth the “legalised theft” that followed, where all these real estate properties were declared “absentee property.”

1-silwan-kid
A Palestinian child plays next to the wall in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Silwan, February 21, 2016. (Activestills.org)

❸ OCCUPIED  JERUSALEM’S  SILWAN  UNDER  ATTACK
Alternative Information Center – AIC
Danielle Natan
Published: 25 May 2016
Israeli forces raided Palestinian homes and commercial stores in the Ein al-Lozeh area of Silwan on Monday afternoon. Israeli Border Patrol officers arrested two brothers and served a warrant for the arrest of a third man for alleged stone throwing [. . . .]
___In addition to targeting Palestinian family’s homes in Silwan, Israeli forces raided shops in the area [. . . .]
Monday’s raid of Silwan’s stores supports suspicions that Israel is escalating its efforts to undermine Silwan’s local businesses.      MORE . . .

Klein, Menachem. “The Shift — Israel’s New Goals in Jerusalem.” Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 17.1/2 (2011): 135-140.
. . . . A few conclusions can be drawn. First, neither the line of June 4, 1967, nor the Israeli annexation line of June 29, I 967, is relevant today from the Israeli point of view. On the ground they do not exist. Israel expands beyond them to create “Greater Jerusalem” along the line delineated by the wall and to impose it on the Palestinians.

❹ Opinion/Analysis: GAINING  GROUND:  ISRAEL’S  PERMANENT  REPRESENTATION  AT  NATO
The New Arab
May 18, 2016
Ramona Wadi
The news that Israel will now have a permanent representation at NATO headquarters is a prime example of how the colonial security rhetoric has been approved and endorsed at an international level.
­­­___Israel, which was previously a participant in the NATO Mediterranean Dialogue Programs, along with Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia, can now look forward to more direct contributions to the alliance, as well as reaping its benefits.  MORE . . .

“HOW I BECAME AN ARTICLE,” BY SAMIH AL-QASIM

They killed me once

Then wore my face many times.

From: Adonis, Mahmud Darwish, Samih al-Qasim. VICTIMS  OF  A  MAP:  A  BILINGUAL  ANTHOLOGY  OF  ARABIC  POETRY.  Trans. Abdullah al-Udhari. London: Saqi Books, 2008. Available from Amazon.

 

“. . . names of all the prisons, and every type of handcuff . . .” (Tawfiq Zayyad)

Imam Mohamed Salim, Al Aqsa, Jerusalem. (Photo: Agence France‑Presse)
Imam Mohamed Salim, Al Aqsa, Jerusalem. (Photo: Agence France‑Presse)

❶ Israel Issues Administrative Detention Orders to 35 Palestinians
. . . . . ❶― (ᴀ) Israel Blocks off Jerusalem Home of Palestinian Detainee
❷ Settlers Storm Jerusalem’s al-Aqsa Mosque
. . . . . ❷― (ᴀ) Arrest of Al-Aqsa Imam ‘Violation of International Law,’ Insists Jordan
❸ Israeli Army Kidnaps Eight Palestinians in Hebron
Army Kidnaps Six Palestinians in Nablus
Israeli Soldiers Kidnap a Palestinian in Bethlehem, And Three in Jerusalem
Army Kidnaps One Palestinian Near Jenin, Injures Many Others
❹ Silwan: Demolition orders for several houses in the neighborhood of Ein Al-Lozeh
❺ Opinion/Analysis: WHAT’S  SO  THREATENING  ABOUT  HUMAN  RIGHTS?
❻ POETRY by Tawfiq  Zayyad
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
ISRAEL  ISSUES  ADMINISTRATIVE  DETENTION  ORDERS  TO  35  PALESTINIANS
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA
April 11, 2016
Israeli authorities issued administrative detention orders to 35 Palestinians, said Monday Palestine Prisoner’s Society in a press release.
___Fifteen Palestinians received administrative detention for the duration of six months. . . .
imprisonment of Palestinians without charge or trial on the basis of secret evidence for up to six month periods, indefinitely renewable by Israeli military courts.
[List of detainees]
___The use of administrative detention, according to the Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network (PPSN) . . .  violates international law; such detention is allowed only in individual circumstances that are exceptionally compelling for imperative reasons of security.”     MORE . . .

. . . . . ❶― (ᴀ) ISRAEL  BLOCKS  OFF  JERUSALEM  HOME  OF  PALESTINIAN  DETAINEE
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA
April 11, 2016
Israeli police on Monday blocked off with metal bars the house of a Palestinian detainee in Israeli jails, during a raid on the neighborhood of Sur Baher in Jerusalem.      MORE . . .

Israeli settlers and security officers storm Jerusalem’s al-Aqsa Mosque April 11, 2016. (Photo: WAFA)
Israeli settlers and security officers storm Jerusalem’s al-Aqsa Mosque April 11, 2016. (Photo: WAFA)

SETTLERS  STORM  JERUSALEM’S  AL-AQSA  MOSQUE 
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA
April 11, 2016
Extremist Israeli settlers Monday resumed their provocative tours to al-Aqsa Mosque compound in Jerusalem, amid calls by Jewish organizations for mass visits to the holy site to mark the beginning of the Jewish Passover holiday.
___WAFA correspondent said small groups of Jewish settlers accompanied by policemen entered the compound from the Moroccan Gate, provoking tension with Palestinian worshipers, who chanted religious slogans to protest their entry.      MORE . . .  

. . . . . ❷― (ᴀ) ARREST  OF  AL-AQSA  IMAM  ‘VIOLATION  OF  INTERNATIONAL  LAW,’  INSISTS  JORDAN
Palestine Chronicle
April 10, 2016
Jordan has condemned Israel’s arrest of an imam at Al-Aqsa Mosque on Friday as a “violation of international law”, Anadolu has reported. Mohamed Salim was arrested when he left the mosque after delivering the Friday sermon.
___“This is an interference by the Israeli authorities in the affairs of Al-Aqsa Mosque and it is a violation of its own duties and pledges as an occupying authority,” said Jordan’s Minister of Religious Affairs and Endowments, Hayil Daud. “This is a violation of international law.”     MORE . . .

ISRAELI  ARMY  KIDNAPS  EIGHT  PALESTINIANS  IN  HEBRON
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
April 11, 2016      MORE . . .  
ARMY  KIDNAPS  SIX  PALESTINIANS  IN  NABLUS      MORE . . .
ISRAELI  SOLDIERS  KIDNAP  A  PALESTINIAN  IN  BETHLEHEM,  AND  THREE  IN  JERUSALEM      MORE . . .
ARMY  KIDNAPS  ONE  PALESTINIAN  NEAR  JENIN,  INJURES  MANY  OTHERS       MORE . . .

SILWAN:  DEMOLITION  ORDERS  FOR  SEVERAL  HOUSES  IN  THE  NEIGHBORHOOD  OF  EIN  AL-LOZEH
Wadi Hilweh Information Center – Silwan
April 9, 2016
The occupation municipality’s crews along with Israeli forces raided on Saturday the neighborhood of Ein Al-Lozeh in Silwan and distributed “demolition notices” to five residential houses under the pretext of building without a permit.
___Wadi Hilweh Information Center was informed that municipality crews raided “Hosh Al-A’war” in Ein Al-Lozeh and took pictures of commercial and residential establishments . . .       MORE . . .

Opinion/Analysis:  WHAT’S  SO  THREATENING  ABOUT  HUMAN  RIGHTS?
+972 Blog
Dror Etkes
April 10, 2016
There is a positive aspect to the continuing, orchestrated campaign by Israel’s right-wing government and its helpers against “leftist” organizations . . . . As the campaign goes on, it helps create an intuitive, collective understanding . . . that there is no room for the artificial barrier dividing human rights organizations from other left-wing groups, under the pretense that these are “professional” and “apolitical” organizations. . . .
___I will not try to establish universal truths about the connection between human rights and the political left, but rather say something about the relationship between the two as has been formed in the Israeli context since the occupation in 1967. . . .      MORE . . .

“ON  THE  TRUNK  OF  AN  OLIVE  TREE,”  BY  TAWFIQ  ZAYYAD

Because I do not weave wool,
And daily am in danger of detention,
And my house is the object of police visits
To search and “to cleanse,”
Because I cannot buy paper,
I shall carve the record of my sufferings,
And all my secrets
On an olive tree
In the courtyard
Of my house.

I shall carve my story and the chapters of my tragedy,
I shall carve my sighs
On my grove and on the tombs of my dead;
I shall carve
All the bitterness I have tasted,
To be blotted out by some of the happiness to come.

I shall carve the number of each deed
Of our usurped land
The location of my village and its boundaries.
The demolished houses of its peoples,
My uprooted trees,
And each crushed wild blossom.
And the names of those master torturers
Who rattled my nerves and caused my misery.
The names of all the prisons,
And every type of handcuff
That closed around my wrists,
The files of my jailers,
Every curse
Poured upon my head.
I shall carve:
Kafr Qasim, I shall not forget!
And I shall carve:
Deir Yassin, it’s rooted in my memory.
I shall carve:
We have reached the peak of our tragedy.
It has absorbed us and we have absorbed it,
But we have finally reached it.

I shall carve all that the sun tells me,
And what the moon whispers,
And what the skylark relates,
Near the well
Forsaken by lovers.

And to remember it all,
I shall continue to carve
All the chapters of my tragedy,
And all the stages of the disaster,
From beginning
To end,
On the olive tree
In the courtyard
Of the house.

From  THE   PALESTINIAN   WEDDING:   A   BILINGUAL   ANTHOLOGY   OF   CONTEMPORARY   PALESTINIAN   RESISTANCE   POETRY.   Ed. and Trans. A. M. Elmessiri. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2011. Reprint from Three Continents Press, Inc., 1982. Available from Palestine Online Store.
About Tafiq Zayyad.
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“. . . hear my child’s approaching footsteps at the threshold of your soul . . .” (Rashid Hussein)

Palestinians boys sit on the rubble of their family home. It was one of three houses destroyed by Israeli occupation forces in Qabatiya village in the occupied West Bank on 4 April, as part of a policy of punishing relatives of Palestinians accused of attacks. (Photo: APA Images/Nedal Eshtayah)
Palestinians boys sit on the rubble of their family home, destroyed by Israeli forces in Qabatiya village in the occupied West Bank on 4 April, punishing relatives of Palestinians accused of attacks. (Photo: APA Images/Nedal Eshtayah)

❶ UNRWA condemns Israel’s large scale home demolitions in the West Bank
❷ PA drafts new UN resolution against Israel’s illegal settlements
❸ The occupation burns 47 olive seedlings carrying the names and pictures of Jerusalemite Martyrs
❹ Struggle for Jerusalem takes on new form
❺ Opinion/Analysis: ISRAEL  AIMS  TO  “SAVE  SOULS”  BY  MAKING  PALESTINIANS  HOMELESS
❻ POETRY by Rashid Hussein
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UNRWA  CONDEMNS  ISRAEL’S  LARGE  SCALE  HOME  DEMOLITIONS  IN  THE  WEST  BANK
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA
April 7, 2016
UNRWA [United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees] condemned Thursday’s large scale home demolitions by the Israeli Authorities in the Bedouin refugee community of Um al Khayr in the South Hebron Hills. . .  31 Palestine refugees, including 16 children, were made homeless as a result to the demolitions.
___It confirmed that the affected community has endured several rounds of demolitions and often faced harassment from the nearby illegal settlement of Karmel.     MORE . . .  

PA  DRAFTS  NEW  UN  RESOLUTION  AGAINST  ISRAEL’S  ILLEGAL  SETTLEMENTS
Ma’an News Agency
April 8, 2016
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas is expected to present a draft resolution condemning Israeli settlements to the UN Security Council in two weeks in a move likely to spark fury among Israel’s supporters.
___The resolution will be the first to directly condemn Israeli settlements as illegal under international law since the United States vetoed a similar resolution in 2011, the official said.     MORE . . . 

Palestinian children play near the illegal Israeli settlement of Maaleh Adumim, on the outskirts of Jerusalem. (Photo: Agence France‑Presse/Ahman Gharabl, File)
Palestinian children play near the illegal Israeli settlement of Maaleh Adumim, on the outskirts of Jerusalem. (Photo: Agence France‑Presse/Ahman Gharabl, File)

THE  OCCUPATION  BURNS  47  OLIVE  SEEDLINGS  CARRYING  THE  NAMES  AND  PICTURES  OF  JERUSALEMITE  MARTYRS
Wadi Hilweh Information Center – Silwan
April 5, 2016
The occupation police and Intelligence removed and burned on Tuesday olive seedlings carrying the names of Jerusalemite Martyrs. The seedlings were planted in the village of Silwan on the anniversary of Earth Day.      MORE . . .

STRUGGLE  FOR  JERUSALEM  TAKES  ON  NEW  FORM
Al-Monitor (Palestine Pulse)
Daoud Kuttab
April 7, 2016
Israel’s constant attempts to turn the city of Jerusalem into an exclusively Jewish city have taken an unusual turn with an attempt to politicize tourism.
___A map of the Old City of Jerusalem issued by the Israeli Ministry of Tourism in March attempts to reinforce this twisted narrative by trying to deny the physical reality of Jerusalem. . . .
___Of the 57 sites on the map, only one Muslim site and five Christian sites are identified. . . . no less than 25 of the Jewish sites named such buildings — along with synagogues and yeshivas — that have never been heard of, even by experienced tour guides.”     MORE . . .  

Opinion/Analysis:  ISRAEL  AIMS  TO  “SAVE  SOULS”  BY  MAKING  PALESTINIANS  HOMELESS
The Electronic Intifada
Charlotte Silver
April 7, 2016
Less than two weeks after Israel’s high court lifted an injunction on punitive house demolitions, Israeli bulldozers arrived in Qabatiya in the occupied West Bank on Monday morning and razed three homes.
___The houses belonged to the relatives of the young men accused of an attack at Damascus Gate in occupied East Jerusalem in early February that left an Israeli border police officer dead.
___All three youths were shot to death at the scene of the incident.
___By the end of Monday, 20 people were left homeless in Qabatiya.      MORE . . .

“TO  A  CLOUD,”  BY  RASHID  HUSSEIN

I am the land,
I am the land . . . do not deny me rain,
I am all that remains of it,
If you plant my brow with trees
And turn my poetry into vineyards
And wheat
And roses
That you may know me.
So let the rain pour down.

I, cloud of my life, am the hills of Galilee,
I am the bosom of Haifa
And the forehead of Jaffa.
So do not whisper: it is impossible.
Can you not hear my child’s approaching footsteps
At the threshold of your soul?
Can you not see the veins of my brow
Striving to kiss your lips?

Waiting for you, my poetry turned to earth,
Has become fields,
Has turned into wheat
And trees.
I am all that remains of our earth,
I am all that remains of what you love,
So pour . . . pour with bounty.
Pour down the rain.

From THE  PALESTINIAN  WEDDING:  A  BILINGUAL  ANTHOLOGY  OF  CONTEMPORARY  PALESTINIAN  RESISTANCE  POETRY. Ed. and Trans. A. M. Elmessiri. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2011. Reprint from Three Continents Press, Inc., 1982. Available from Palestine Online Store.  
About Rashid Hussein