“. . . In the rubble I rummage for light and new poetry . . .” (Mahmoud Darwish)

❶ Israeli settlers erect 29 mobile homes in Nablus, Tulkarem
. . . . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) Israel is razing a Bedouin village to build a Jewish-only town on its ruins

  • Background: “The Biopolitics of Israeli Settler Colonialism: Palestinian Bedouin Children Theorise the Present.” Journal of Holy Land & Palestine Studies.

. . . . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) Palestinians perform prayers at Jerusalem home threatened by settler takeover
❷ 9th anniversary of the passing of Mahmoud Darwish
❸ POETRY by Mahmoud Darwish
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ ISRAELI  SETTLERS  ERECT  29  MOBILE  HOMES  IN  NABLUS,  TULKAREM
Ma’an News Agency
Aug. 12, 2017.   Israeli settlers installed 29 mobiles homes in and near several illegal Israeli settlements in the Nablus and Tulkarem districts of the occupied West Bank, a Palestinian official told Ma’an on Saturday.
___Ghassan Daghlas, a Palestinian official who monitors Israeli settlement activity in the northern West Bank, told Ma’an that Israeli settlers from the infamous Yitzhar settlement . . .    installed 11 mobile homes inside the settlement, located south of Burin village.
___Another nine houses were erected by settlers near the village of Qusin . . . .  settlers from the Einav settlement in the eastern part of Tulkarem district erected nine homes . . .
[. . . .] There are some 196 government recognized Israeli settlements scattered across the Palestinian territory, all considered illegal under international law, while hundreds of unauthorized Israeli settler outposts — considered illegal even under Israeli law — also dot the Palestinian landscape.
[. . . .] Meanwhile, in June, Israeli authorities broke ground on the first official new Israeli settlement in 25 years amid fierce condemnation from the international community and rights groups.   MORE . . .
. . . . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) ISRAEL  IS RAZING  A  BEDOUIN  VILLAGE  TO  BUILD  A  JEWISH-ONLY  TOWN  ON  ITS  RUINS
+972 Magazine
By Edo Konrad     August 10, 2017.   Despite assurances made to Israel’s High Court of Justice, a new town being built on the ruins of a Bedouin village in southern Israel is intended for Jews only, according to the bylaws of the future town’s cooperative association.
___Israel first notified the residents of Umm al-Hiran, Bedouin citizens of Israel, that it plans to demolish their entire village and build another community in its place 15 years ago. A legal battle has been taking place ever since, although Israel’s top court ultimately approved the plan — partially based on assurances that the current Bedouin residents would have the option of living in the new community.     
___ According to the bylaws of Hiran, the future Jewish town, which were uncovered by “Adalah — The Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel,” acceptance into the community will be open only to “Jewish Israeli citizens or permanent residents who observe the Torah and the commandments according to the values of Orthodox Judaism.”    MORE . . .    RELATED . . .

Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Nadera.
“THE  BIOPOLITICS  OF  ISRAELI  SETTLER  COLONIALISM:  PALESTINIAN  BEDOUIN  CHILDREN  THEORISE  THE  PRESENT.”
Journal of Holy Land & Palestine Studies, vol. 15, no. 1, May 2016, pp. 7-29.
[. . . .] nearly half of the 192,000 Bedouin live in ‘unrecognised villages’. Closely examining the context of the Naqab Bedouin and how, specifically, the children who live under conditions of unrecognisability conceptualise their place within a wider system of dispossession and elimination can enhance our framework and sharpen our lens of analysis in our attempts to interrogate Israeli  settler colonialism . . .
___ Interviews, conversations, and reflections led me to understand that within settler colonial contexts, children and childhood become political and politicised sites. . .  settler states attempt to turn children into instruments and targets that assist in the project’s need to eliminate and efface Native communities and people. . .
[. . . .]  Forced removal and ‘modernisation’ efforts were (and are) driven by the Zionist leaders’ perceptions of Native inferiority and threat. These depictions of the Palestinian Bedouin, as uncivilised, pre-modern, and Other, have contributed to their construction as an inherent threat to Israel’s modern and civilised way of life. Additionally, the state’s treatment of the Bedouins as a minority population, rather than a native community, allows for further erasure. . .   discourse around Bedouin primitivism begins to emphasise race/ethnicity and gender, but works to deny collective and historical belonging.
[. . . .]  . . . In a study of 250 Bedouin teenagers from 32 unrecognised villages that sought to include the children’s own reflections, over 95 percent of the participants met the criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder, with over 57 percent suffering from severe PTSD.
[. . . .] In many ways, the foundational violence of the Jewish state remains sacred and untouchable. But we must begin to unravel the centrality of Jewish supremacy – as the primary constituent of being Israeli – which has come to shape and define the fabric of Palestinian life and society. The structural violence embedded in the various colonial technologies of dispossession and colonial distractions makes it difficult to overcome the racialised barriers inscribed on children’s bodies and lives. Each component is interrelated and interlocked with the other, and they all reveal how childhood, and children’s lives, are political questions that demand thorough and complex political discussion. The eviction of Palestinian children from childhood, from humanity to zones of unrecognisability, especially in sickness, arrest, evacuation, and state terror, plays a major role in narrating the settler’s story of needing to fear the colonised child, who, in the case of Israeli settler colonialism, is always already a terrorist other.   FULL ARTICLE . . .

. . . . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) PALESTINIANS  PERFORM  PRAYERS  AT  JERUSALEM  HOME  THREATENED  BY  SETTLER  TAKEOVER  
Ma’an News Agency
Aug. 11, 2017.   Tens of Palestinians in occupied East Jerusalem performed prayers outside the Shamasna home in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood on Friday in a show of solidarity with the family, who is facing imminent evacuation from their home of 53 years to make room for Israeli settlers claiming they own the family’s home.
___Ekrima Sabri, head of the High Islamic Committee, said during the Friday khutbah — Islamic sermon — that “the land that the Shamasna family home is built on belongs to the family, and not to Jews.” He said that the Shamasna family had rented the house from its “original owners” since before 1948 — the year Israel was established.
___However, Sabri’s claims contradict reports that the family patriarch, Ayoub Shamasna, moved into the house in 1964.   MORE . . .

(Note: the anniversary of Mahmoud Darwish’s death was August 9, 2017.)
❷ 9TH  ANNIVERSARY  OF  THE  PASSING  OF  MAHMOUD  DARWISH     
Palestine News Network – PNN
August 11, 2017.   PLO Executive Committee Member Dr. Hanan Ashrawi on the 9th anniversary of the passing of Mahmoud Darwish said :”On behalf of the Palestinian leadership and the people of Palestine, we mark with great sorrow the 9th anniversary of the death of Palestine’s greatest poet and national literary figure, Mahmoud Darwish, whose passing continues to be felt in Palestine and throughout the world.     ___Darwish was not just a national poet; he was a poet of humanity and creativity who forged a new language and awareness for Palestine and beyond. He humanized Palestinian reality during its darkest hours, and he generated an undeniable energy to legitimize hope and affirmation, as well as resistance.   MORE . . .

“THE  ROSES  AND  THE  DICTIONARY,”  BY  MAHMOUD  DARWISH
Be that as it may,
I must . . .
The poet must have a new toast
And new anthems.
Traversing a tunnel of incense
And pepper and ancient summer,
I carry the key to legends and ruined monuments of slaves.
I see history and old man
Tossing dice and gathering the stars.

Be that as it may,
I must refuse death
Even though my legends die.
In the rubble I rummage for light and new poetry.
Did you realize before today, my love,
That a letter in the dictionary is dull?
How do they live, all these words?
How do they grow?
How do they spread?
We still water them with the tears of memories
And metaphors and sugar.

Be that as it may,
I must reject the roses that spring
From a dictionary or a diwan.
Roses grow on the arms of a peasant, on the fists of a laborer,
Roses grow over the wounds of a warrior
And on the face of a rock.

From THE  PALESTINIAN  WEDDING:  A  BILINGUAL  ANTHOLOGY  OF  CONTEMPORARY  PALESTINIAN  RESISTANCE  POETRY.  Ed. and Trans. A. M. Elmessiri. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2011. Reprint from Three Continents Press, Inc., 1982. Available from Palestine Online Store.

 

“. . . Under Article 43 of the Hague Regulations, Israel, as the Occupying Power, must ‘restore, and ensure, as far as possible, public order and safety’ . . .” (Marya Farah)

holy-land-1-046
Home demolition in East Jerusalem (Photo: Harold Knight, June, 2008)

❶ . Israeli authorities demolish 3 Palestinian structures in Jerusalem-area neighborhood
❷ . Eviction Orders Delivered to 8 Facilities in the Negev

  • Background:  “Planning In Area C: Discrimination in Law and Practice.” Palestine-Israel Journal Of Politics, Economics & Culture

❸ . Israeli settlers, forces raze land east of Nablus

` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ . ISRAELI AUTHORITIES DEMOLISH 3 PALESTINIAN STRUCTURES IN JERUSALEM-AREA NEIGHBORHOOD   
Ma’an News Agency     
Dec. 6, 2016
Israeli authorities demolished three Palestinian structures in the neighborhood of Silwan in the central occupied West Bank district of Jerusalem on Tuesday morning, according to the owners.
___Alaa Shweiki told Ma’an that bulldozers arrived on his property early Tuesday morning under armed military protection. The bulldozers then demolished a structure roofed with steel tubes and tin sheets that Shweiki used as a horse stable. He highlighted that the same structures had already been demolished in November.
___Shweiki added that Israeli forces confiscated one of his horses, and that bulldozers leveled some of his land and tore down fences and dry-stone walls.
___In the Karm al-Sheikh area of Silwan, Israeli forces demolished two houses under construction whose owners had previously demolished them on Saturday in compliance with an Israeli court order.     More . . . 

bulldozer3maan
Israeli Settlers Raze Palestinian Lands South of Nablus, April 4, 2016 (Photo: IMEMC)

❷ . EVICTION  ORDERS  DELIVERED  TO  8  FACILITIES  IN  THE  NEGEV     
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC 
December 5, 2016
Israeli authorities, on Sunday, gave eviction notices to eight Palestinian-owned facilities in the Umm al-Hiran village, in the Negev Desert.
___Head of the popular committee in the village, Raed Abu Qei’an, affirmed that Israel Land Administration crews stormed the village on Sunday, escorted by Israeli police forces, and delivered the evacuation orders, Pal Info reported, according to the PNN.     The evacuation orders were delivered against four houses and four sheds in the village, he added.
[. . . .] Israeli authorities seek to demolish the village and to forcibly displace its residents, and for the sole purpose of establishing a new Jewish settlement named “Hiran” over its ruins, in a flagrant violation of international laws and principles.      More . . .  

  • Farah, Marya. “Planning In Area C: Discrimination In Law And Practice.” Palestine-Israel Journal Of Politics, Economics & Culture 21.3 (2016): 39-48.  ARTICLE.

In the first week of March 2016 alone, 64 Palestinians were left homeless by Israeli demolitions in the West Bank. According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the month of February 2016 saw the highest number of demolitions in the West Bank since it began documenting them in 2009, with 235 homes and structures destroyed, dismantled or confiscated. This resulted in the displacement of 331 individuals, including 174 children in February.
___Communities targeted for demolition are often some of the most vulnerable, thus creating even more dire living conditions for individuals. In contrast to the visibly dismal and harsh human rights situation is the very sterile, methodical legal system, which “necessitates” the demolitions. At the same time, demolitions, and the coercive environment they create as a whole, cannot be divorced from Israel’s settlement enterprise. Both are part of a broader policy, and are performed under the pretense of legitimate authority.
___Under Article 43 of the Hague Regulations, Israel, as the Occupying Power, must “restore, and ensure, as far as possible, public order and safety” in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT). In carrying out this duty, a planning regime should serve the interests of the protected Palestinian population, but instead, the planning regime itself, as part of a larger dual set of laws and practices, obstructs the most basic rights of Palestinians.
[. . . .] Methods used for confiscating Palestinian land by the Israeli Civil Administration (ICA) include: requisition for military purposes, public needs (such as roads or nature reserves), and declarations of absentee land and state land.      [. . . .] In total, the Civil Administration, a body within the Israeli Ministry of Defense, is responsible for implementing Israeli government policy in the West Bank, and has authority over zoning, construction, and infrastructure matters in Area C. Within this structure, the Central Planning Bureau is responsible for the High Planning Council, and for all planning in Area C, including Palestinian communities and Israeli settlements. . .   This inevitably creates a situation where one body is examining matters for two conflicting interests: one that is in line with government policy, and the other that is in line with international law.   [. . . .]

❸ . ISRAELI  SETTLERS,  FORCES  RAZE  LAND  EAST  OF  NABLUS 
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA  
Dec. 6, 2016
Israeli settlers backed by soldiers razed Tuesday large areas of Palestinian-owned land east of Nablus in north of the West Bank, according to a local official.
___Gassan Daghlas, in charge of the settlements file in the Palestinian Authority, told WAFA that settlers and soldiers razed 40 dunums of agricultural land owned by Ahmad Nasser in the village of Jaloud. No reason was given for this act.     More . . .   

“. . . In the framework of international law . . . Palestinians are virtually nowhere . . .” (Laurie King-Irani)

palestino
Jan, 15, 2014. A sports uniform is accused of “fomenting terrorism” and inspiring “violence and hatred”. The team is a Chilean soccer club called CLUB DEPORTIVO PALESTINO, and their offense was incorporating an image of historic Palestine on their jerseys. (Photo: Portside.org)

❶ . Chile-based court files war crimes lawsuit against Israeli Supreme Court justices
❷ . Human Rights Watch: Arabs face imminent displacement in Israel
❸ . IOF closes main road in Ramallah

  • Background: “Exiled To A Liminal Legal Zone: Are We All Palestinians Now?” Third World Quarterly

` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ . CHILE-BASED  COURT  FILES  WAR  CRIMES  LAWSUIT  AGAINST  ISRAELI  SUPREME  COURT  JUSTICES     
Ma’an News Agency     
Nov. 29, 2016
A Santiago-based court in Chile on Monday filed a war crimes lawsuit against three Israeli Supreme Court justices for approving the construction of the Israeli separation wall, declared illegal by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in 2004.
___According to Israeli newspaper Haaretz, the lawsuit was filed by six Palestinian landowners in Beit Jala in the occupied West Bank district of Bethlehem and alleged war crimes, including crimes against humanity, against former chief Justice Asher Grunis, and Justices Neal Hendel and Uzi Vogelman.
___The claimants reportedly own the land that is expected to be cut off from their village by the separation wall, while five of the plaintiffs are Chilean nationals, Haaretz reported.
___Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians migrated to Chile over the last century, resulting in a large Palestinian diaspora community in the South American country, while many Palestinians with Chilean nationality also reside in the West Bank, particularly in Beit Jala.      More . . .

❷ . HUMAN  RIGHTS  WATCH:  ARABS  FACE  IMMINENT  DISPLACEMENT  IN  ISRAEL     
Days of Palestine
Nov. 30, 2016
More than 80,000 Palestinians in Negev are currently under Israeli threat of displacement Israeli occupation authorities should revoke plans to forcibly displace Arab residents from the Negev village of Umm al-Hiran, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said.
___The American human rights group said that the Israeli occupation is planning to force the Arabs, the indigenous Palestinian resident who remained home after the Israeli occupation of Palestine, in the village to build a new Jewish community in its place.     ___According to a statement by HRW, the Israeli Execution and Collection Authority on November 20, 2016, approved a request by the Israeli Land Authority to forcibly demolish two homes and approximately eight surrounding structures at the entrance of Umm al-Hiran.
[. . . .] Adalah, a nongovernmental legal centre that advocates for Arab minority rights in Israel and represents Umm al-Hiran residents, fears that the evictions will take place before the November 30 deadline.
___In a statement to Human Rights Watch, the lead Adalah attorney on the case, Suhad Bishara, said they would continue to “seek all available legal channels” to halt the displacement and support the “existential, moral and legitimate right” of the villagers to “continue living on their land.”
___In conditions similar to those in Umm al-Hiran, about 80,000 Arabs live under constant threat of home demolitions in 35 villages that Israel does not recognise in the Negev.     More . . .    Related . . .    ETHNIC  CLEANSING:  NEGEV  IS  A  BATTLEFIELD  FOR  A  VERY  FIERCE  STRUGGLE    Palestine Chronicle    Nov 29 2016

umm-al-hiram
May 06, 2015. Court rules that Umm al-Hiran in the northern Negev is built on state land, paving way for construction of Jewish community of Hiran. (Photo: Ha’aretz)

❸ . IOF  CLOSES  MAIN  ROAD  IN  RAMALLAH  
Alray-Palestinian Media Agency 
Nov. 30, 2016
Israeli occupation forces (IOF) closed on Wednesday morning the main road between Silwad town and Ain Yabrod village east of Ramallah city in the center of the West Bank with cement cubes.
___Local sources said that the IOF closed the bridge connecting Ain Yabrod village with Silwad town and forced Palestinian citizens to take other long alternative roads. More . . .

(Note: While the article below is 10 years old and some of the legal issues it discusses have been decided, it is still an insightful and compelling study of the Palestinian Diaspora. I have included a much longer quotation than I usually do. Unfortunately the article is available online only through EBSCO databases or Research Gate.)   

  • King-Irani, Laurie. “Exiled To A Liminal Legal Zone: Are We All Palestinians Now?” Third World Quarterly 27.5 (2006): 923-936.   SOURCE. 

As a diaspora of over nine million people, Palestinians are everywhere: second-class citizens of Israel, stateless residents of fragmented and walled-in Bantustans in the occupied West Bank, refugees residing inside and outside of camps in Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan; and immigrants, students, professionals and nationalised citizens in virtually every country in the world. Palestinians dwell in the ‘First’ as well as the ‘Third’ worlds, economically speaking. Among the far-flung Palestinian diaspora are some of the poorest as well as some of the wealthiest people in the world. In the framework of international law, however, Palestinians are virtually nowhere. As stateless persons they occupy a liminal and interstitial space in the international legal and political order, an order that (contemporary discourses of cosmopolitanism, globalisation and emergent transnational organisations aside) remains founded upon and grounded in the interests of sovereign nation-states rather than in the claims of sub- or transnational actors, whether individuals or groups.
___Palestinians reaped few if any benefits from the late 20th century florescence of international humanitarian law (IHL), an era that witnessed a serious international focus on human rights and ‘policing the past’, as well as the establishment of the first ad hoc international criminal tribunals in half a century to address massive human rights violations (including genocide) in Africa and Europe. The defining event of the 1990s for Palestinians was the signing of the Oslo Accords and the now-famous handshake  between PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat and the late Israeli Prime Minster Yitzhak Rabin in 1993.
___Oslo, however, was not founded on international law or treaties but, rather, constituted a negotiated agreement between unequal partners. It was an agreement that side-stepped the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, UN General Assembly Resolution 194 (concerning the rights of Palestinian refugees), UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338 (censuring Israel’s acquisition of territory by force), the Fourth Geneva Convention’s limitations on the actions of an occupying power, and a bevy of annual reports, issued by such bodies as the UN Human Rights Commission, the International Jurists Commission, and the International Committee of the Red Cross, emphasising Israel’s duty to uphold IHL and to abide by all of international treaties it has signed.
___The Oslo Accords (the Declaration of Principles— DOP) did not represent a legally binding, international document, but a slippery ‘deal’ or ‘understanding’ brokered by the USA, a superpower actor with a long record of supporting Israel regardless of its failure to comply with international humanitarian norms. Rather than being empowering, conciliatory, or liberating the Palestinians from a chronic state of legal and political liminality, the Oslo process ultimately proved to be a coercive set of mechanisms that further entrenched Israeli control over Palestinian land. It also set precedents for a dangerous attenuation of IHL’s relevance to the overall Israeli – Palestinian conflict.
___Following the Al-Qaida attacks on New York City and Washington, DC on 11 September 2001, IHL’s growing focus on the needs of individual victims was eclipsed once again by the interests of sovereign states, or, as Hajjar terms them, hyper-sovereign states.10 The USA and its ally, Israel, are the chief embodiments of hyper-sovereignty, a political and military stance characterised by pre-emptive policies, a distaste for multilateral legal frameworks to counter emerging extra-state threats, and a pronounced reliance on overwhelming unilateral force that often violates IHL, international human rights law (IHRL) and UN resolutions, while rendering international diplomacy beside the point. The travails of the Palestinian people since 1948 offer a disturbing, though highly instructive, reverse-image view of the contours and limitations—as well as the possibilities—of an international legal order. The ongoing Palestinian tragedy also illuminates serious contradictions in prevailing discourses of human and civil rights, exposing ambiguities in prevailing legal definitions of, and guarantees for, human beings.
[. . . .]

 

 

“. . . to demolish a man’s house is to tear his heart into little pieces . . . an extremely inhuman act . . .” (Irus Braverman)

demolition
Demolitions in Umm al-Kheir on Aug. 8, 2016 (Photo: Ma’an News Agency)

❶ Israel poised to raze Bedouin village so Jews can take land

Background from Law & Social Inquiry

. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) Israeli forces demolishes Palestinian structures across West Bank, assault locals
. . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) Israeli occupation demolishes restaurant, pottery workshop in Nablus, residencies in Hebron
. . . ❶ ― (ᴄ) Israeli forces demolish water pipelines under construction in northern West Bank
❷ Council: Palestinians in need of 30,000 housing units in Jerusalem
❸ POETRY by Yousef El Qedra
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ ISRAEL  POISED  TO  RAZE  BEDOUIN  VILLAGE  SO  JEWS  CAN  TAKE  LAND
The Electronic Intifada
Charlotte Silver
Aug. 8 2016
Israeli bulldozers are poised to raze the Bedouin village Umm al-Hiran in the Naqab (Negev) region in the south of the country.
___On 31 July, bulldozers began ploughing a trench around the village, encircling those homes Israel intends to demolish to make way for a Jewish community.
___The village lost its 13-year legal battle in May 2015, when a three-judge panel on Israel’s high court ruled that the government was authorized to demolish the village and displace its residents  [. . . .]
___Like about 40 other Bedouin villages home to 70,000 people in the Naqab, Umm al-Hiran is not recognized by Israeli authorities, leaving its 1,000 residents, who are Israeli citizens, without basic services or rights.     MORE . . .         RELATED. . .

From: Braverman, Irus. “Powers Of Illegality: House Demolitions And Resistance In East Jerusalem.” Law & Social Inquiry 32.2 (2007): 333-372

. . . . while Foucault’s analysis [of the spectacle of a public execution in DISCIPLINE AND PUNISH, 1979] depicts brutality as inflicted upon the human body, in the demolition instance this brutality is imposed upon the nonhuman body of the house. Significant as it may seem, this distinction between human and nonhuman bodies is rendered irrelevant by most of the Palestinian informants. The Palestinian community planner, for example, claimed that “a person whose house has been demolished, I don’t see any difference between him and a person whose only child is killed,” and a Palestinian defense lawyer told me: “to demolish a man’s house is to tear his heart into little pieces . . . the demolition is an . . . extremely inhuman act.”
___Clearly, most Palestinian informants not only themselves relate to their house as interchangeable with their body but also believe that Israel relates to it in a similar way. Accordingly, this is how a Palestinian Jerusalemite that has worked as a planner in the Jerusalem municipality for over thirty years described the situation: “they twist our hand behind our back until they hear a cry of pain: [then] the municipal officials smile with pleasure, and twist our hand even tighter in order to produce a louder cry. They take pleasure in the Palestinian pain more than in anything else.”
___But while the identification of the Palestinian body with the body of her house may establish one cause for its demolition, another explanation is also possible. Such an alternative explanation is provided by a Jewish Israeli defense lawyer who has been representing Palestinians from East Jerusalem for over twenty years. The lawyer suggests that the official Israeli discourse regards the Palestinians as “airplanes that are not even detected by the Israeli radar,” namely as invisible to Israeli administrators. Rather than choosing between these two seemingly conflicting interpretations, it is important to see their simultaneous existence: while the first interpretation embodies the Palestinian in this space by rendering her body opaque, the second interpretation disembodies her, making for a transparent Palestinian body.
___Instead of undermining each other, the bifurcated dialectic between these two bodily interpretations provides for their reciprocal reinforcement.

. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) ISRAELI  FORCES  DEMOLISHES  PALESTINIAN  STRUCTURES  ACROSS  WEST  BANK,  ASSAULT  LOCALS
Ma’an News Agency
Aug. 9, 2016
Israeli authorities carried out multiple demolitions across the occupied West Bank on Tuesday morning, including residential structures funded by the European Union, in the midst of an unprecedented campaign targeting Palestinian homes, business, and agricultural structures under the pretext of lacking building permits which are nearly impossible to obtain.
___The demolitions — which included two business in Sabastiya, five homes in Umm al-Kheir, and two homes in al-Jiftlik — were immediately denounced by Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah in a statement released on Tuesday.
___“Israel is relentlessly destroying Palestinians’ homes and livelihoods in order to make way for more illegal settlements,” Hamdallah said.     MORE . . .

demolitions 2
Demolitions in Umm al-Kheir on Aug. 8, 2016 (Photo: Ma’an News Agency)

. . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) ISRAELI  OCCUPATION  DEMOLISHES  RESTAURANT,  POTTERY  WORKSHOP  IN  NABLUS,  RESIDENCES  IN  HEBRON
Alray Palestine Media Agency
Aug. 9, 2016
The Israeli occupation forces demolished on Tuesday a restaurant and a pottery workshop in the village of Sebastia, north of Nablus, as well as residential structures in the village of Um al-Kheir near Hebron, local sources reported.
___Mayor of Sebastia municipality said that Israeli forces broke into the village and demolished a restaurant and a pottery workshop, both owned by two local Palestinian villagers, under the pretext of construction without permission.     MORE . . .
. . . ❶ ― (ᴄ) ISRAELI  FORCES  DEMOLISH  WATER  PIPELINES  UNDER  CONSTRUCTION  IN  NORTHERN  WEST  BANK
Ma’an News Agency
Aug. 8, 2016
Israeli forces reportedly destroyed large portions of a water pipeline under construction in the northern occupied West Bank district of Tubas on Monday.
___Arif Daraghmah, the head of the village council in the Jordan Valley and neighboring Bedouin communities, told Ma’an that Israeli forces accompanied by military vehicles and two bulldozers began the demolition process early on Monday morning on the pipeline, which he said targeted a pipeline funded by NGO Action Against Hunger that had been under construction for the past four months in order to provide water to residents of the area.
___Daraghmah added that the Israeli forces completely destroyed the four-kilometer water pipeline between the town of Tubas and the village of Yarza, and also destroyed and seized large parts of the nine-kilometer pipeline connecting Yarza to the village of al-Malih.
___He said Israeli forces were carrying out these demolitions in order to pressure Palestinian residents into leaving the area.     MORE . . .

demolitions 3
Demolitions in Umm al-Kheir on Aug. 8, 2016 (Photo: Ma’an News Agency)

❷ COUNCIL:  PALESTINIANS  IN  NEED  OF  30,000  HOUSING  UNITS  IN  JERUSALEM
Al-Hourriah
Aug. 8, 2016
Jerusalem will be in need of 30,000 housing units, the Palestinian Housing Council said Monday.
___The council’s technical director in the occupied West Bank, Zuheir Ali, said, at a workshop held in al-Bireh under the title “Housing in Occupied Jerusalem: Facts and Challenges,” that the Palestinians have been facing difficulties in constructing new homes on at least 13% of east Jerusalem lands.
___Ali added that Israeli restrictive measures resulted in a sharp housing crisis and that Occupied Jerusalem is in need of 30,000 housing units, to the tune of around three billion dollars, until 2020.     MORE . . .  

“I  HAVE  NO  HOME,”  BY  YOUSEF  EL  QEDRA

I saw clouds running away from the hurt.
I have no language.
Its weight is lighter than a feather.
The quill does not write.
The ink of the spirit burns on the shore of meaning.
The clouds are tears, filled with escape and lacking definition.
A cloud realizes the beauty she forms—
beauty which contains all good things,
for whom trees, gardens, and tired young women wait.

I have no home.
I have a night overripe with sweats caused by numbness all over.
Time has grown up on its own without me.
In my dream, I asked him what he looks like.
My small defeats answered me.
So I asked him again, What did he mean?
Then I found myself suspended in nothingness,
Stretched like a string that doesn’t belong to an instrument.
The wind played me. So did irresistible gravity.
I was a run of lost notes that have a sad, strong desire to live.
―Translated by Yasmin Snounu and Edward Morin

Yousef El Qedra is a young poet and playwright living in Gaza. He has his BA degree in Arabic Literature from Azhar University, Gaza. Since 2006 he has worked as a project coordinator of theater and youth groups for the Cultural Free Thought Association in Gaza City. He has written several books and plays and published four volumes of poetry, translated into French and Spanish.
From BEFORE  THERE  IS  NOWHERE  TO  STAND:  PALESTINE  ISRAEL  POETS  RESPOND  TO  THE  STRUGGLE.  Ed. By Joan Dobbie and Grace Beeler. Sandpoint ID: Lost
Horse Press, 2012. Available from Amazon. demolitions 4

Demolitions in Umm al-Kheir on Aug. 8, 2016 (Photo: Ma’an News Agency)



“. . . There’s enough room for both of us in the field . . .” (Samih Al-Qasim)

gaza_water
A boy drinks from emergency water supplies being distributed by the UN in Gaza. (Photo by crazy_inventor Oct. 02, 2014)

❶ PM: Israel’s suspension of West Bank water supplies ‘inhumane and outrageous’
. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) EU: 95% of water in Gaza ‘unfit for human use’
❷ WATCH: What life looks like in an unrecognized Bedouin village
❸ Turkish Electric Company to be established in Gaza
❹ POETRY by Samih Al-Qasim
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ PM:  ISRAEL’S  SUSPENSION  OF  WEST  BANK  WATER  SUPPLIES  ‘INHUMANE  AND  OUTRAGEOUS’
Ma’an News Agency
June 16, 2016
The Palestinian Prime Minister’s office on Thursday slammed Israel’s decision to cut off water supplies for tens of thousands of Palestinians in the occupied West Bank this week as “inhumane and outrageous.”
___Rami Hamdallah issued a statement in response to the move by Israel’s national water company Mekorot, which saw water supplies suspended in the municipality of Jenin, several villages in Nablus, as well as the city of Salfit and its surrounding villages.
___“Israel wants to prevent Palestinians from leading a dignified life and uses its control over our water resources to this end; while illegal Israeli settlements enjoy uninterrupted water service,” Hamdallah said. “Palestinians are forced to spend great sums of money to buy water that is theirs in the first place.”       MORE . . .  
. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) EU:  95%  OF  WATER  IN  GAZA  ‘UNFIT  FOR  HUMAN  USE’      MORE . . .  

(Dr Yousef Abu Safieh is a former Palestinian minister for the Environment and chairman of the Environment Quality Authority of Palestine)

Have you  heard  of a  report  that said  by  2020  there  will  be  no  clean water left in Gaza?  If you made a report like this for the West Bank, what would its conclusions be? That report was done by the United Nations.  It shows that by the year 2020 the Gazan people will not have enough water to sustain the life of about 2.5 million inhabitants. But the water situation in the West Bank is different. There, renewable water is enough to sustain the life of all the Palestinian people for the next one hundred years [. . . .]
___I recall the letter sent to Lloyd George, the British prime minister in 1919, after the First World War, by Chaim Weizmann, requesting the extension of the British mandate over Palestine by an extra 40km   north of the Galilee Panhandle into Lebanon, so as to include the Litani and Wazzani rivers. His reasoning was that to create a homeland for the Israelis and implement the Balfour Declaration, they needed three things: land, water and energy. This would therefore increase the available water resources, and electricity, too, is generated by the power of the waterfalls [. . . .]

  • Abu Zayyad, Ziad. “How The Occupation Affects Palestinian Natural Resources. An Interview with Dr. Yousef Abu Safieh ” Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 19/20.4/1 (2014): 140-150. SOURCE.  

❷ WATCH:  WHAT  LIFE  LOOKS  LIKE  IN  AN  UNRECOGNIZED  BEDOUIN  VILLAGE
+972 Magazine
Social TV
June 14, 2016
Approximately 90,000 Bedouin live in “unrecognized villages” spread across Israel’s Negev Desert. Because the Israeli government refuses to recognize them, they receive no municipal services, such as connection to the electrical grid, water mains or trash pickup, and are constantly at risk of demolition. Maryam Tarabin, the head of Umm al-Hiran‘s Women’s Committee, speaks about the discrimination facing Israel’s Bedouin population on a daily basis.
___”I lived in the village for 60 years. Why don’t I have electricity? Why don’t I have roads?”       MORE . . .

[. . . .] Throughout the last century, water legislation in Palestine has reflected the political agenda of the governing regime. During the Ottoman Era water resources were considered private property, in the form of ground water wells, springs and the utility of surface water, and these regulations are still valid. Legislation during the British Mandate period can be divided into two levels, the regulation level (licensing, taxation), which was under the control of the high commissar, and the level of the local management, which included the allocation of water resources, distribution and pricing under municipal control. During the Jordanian period, water legislation was issued to improve domestic and agricultural sectors in the West Bank; in addition, governmental water institutions were established in order to control and sustain water resources.
___Finally, Israeli military orders since 1967 have aimed to control the allocation, development and use of water resources in Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). These Israeli orders have been especially aimed at limiting the use of water for agricultural purposes in the OP. These orders have indirectly given Mekorot, the Israeli semi-governmental company, the right to explore, distribute and develop water resources in the OP solely for the advantage of Israel and the Jewish settlers. (Acknowledgment: This study was funded by the UNESCO/Water History project.)

  • Marei, Amer, Imad Abu-Kishk, and Huda Radaydeh. “Review Of Water Legislation from The Pre-British Mandate Period Through The Israeli Occupation.” Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture 19/20.4/1 (2014): 42-48.  ARTICLE.
palestine_water.jpg_1718483346
A Palestinian man from the West Bank pulls his donkey loaded with empty bottles and a jerrycan, as he makes his way to fill them with drinking water. (Photo: Reuters, June 15, 2016)

❸ TURKISH  ELECTRIC  COMPANY  TO  BE  ESTABLISHED  IN  GAZA
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
June 15, 2016
According to Israeli daily newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth (Ynet), new agreements between Turkey and Israel included the allowance of Ankara, by Israel, to establish a new electricity company in the Gaza Strip.
___Ynet, on Tuesday morning, said that both parties have reached a new settlement in which Israel finally refrained from its request to expel Hamas from Turkey. The aim is to prevent Hamas from attacking Israel.
___Turkey also refrained from its demand to lift the siege completely after Israel agreed to allow the establishment of a new electricity company, and to supply the Gaza Strip with goods.      MORE . . .  

CONVERSATION  BETWEEN  AN  EAR  OF  CORN  AND  A  JERUSALEM  ROSE  THORN,”  BY  SAMIH  AL-QASIM
(Scene: a Field on the Eastern Shore of the Mediterranean)

EAR OF CORN: Don’t kill me before my time is up.
JERUSALEM ROSE THORN: To kill for nothing is my only profession

EC: But your lovely flower
Is honey . . .
JRT: My unchecked desire
Is a road . . . its end is your death

EC: Live and die as you wish
With your sad flowers
And the gloom of your cursed desire
Live and die . . . but spare me
JRT: It’s our fate . . . I die so you may live
Or you die so I may live

EC: There’s enough room for both of us in the field
JRT: It’s our fate neighbor
It’s our fate
(Enter Fire and Fear jumps up)

EC & JRT: Don’t kill us fire
We are young and pretty and we grew up together
Don’t kill us
Don’t ki . . .
(Ashes, EC & JRT on the horizon)

From by Adonis, Mahmud Darwish, Samih al-Qasim. VICTIMS  OF  A  MAP:  A  BILINGUAL  ANTHOLOGY  OF  ARABIC  POETRY.  London: Saqi Books, 2008.
Available from Amazon.
About Samih Al-Qasim

 

“. . . whose dreams are hindered by the little dreams of flowers . . .” (Sami Muhanna)

1-iraq burin
IOF carries out repeated incursions into Iraq Burin village. (Photo: The Palestinian Information Center)

❶ PCHR Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the oPt (25 February – 02 March 2016)
. . . . . ❶―(ᴀ) February 2016: 97 Palestinian Homes Demolished by Israel Forces
❷ Bedouin town slated for destruction is true test for Israelis
. . . . . ❷―(ᴀ) IOF carries out repeated incursions into Iraq Burin village
❸ Abbas Arrives in Jakarta to Attend Islamic Summit on Jerusalem
❹ Lawmaker continues sit-in, says rights are ‘restricted’ by PA
❺ Opinion/Analysis/History: THE  TANTURA  MASSACRE  OF  1948  AND  THE  ACADEMIC  CHARACTER  ASSASSINATION  OF  TEDDY  KATZ
❻ Poetry by Sami Muhanna
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
PCHR  REPORT  ON  ISRAELI  HUMAN  RIGHTS  VIOLATIONS  IN  THE  OPT  (25  FEBRUARY – 02  MARCH  2016)
IMEMC NEWS
5 Mar. 2016
Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the occupied Palestinian territories continued during the reporting period (25 February – 02 March 2016).
___Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes, inflicting civilian casualties. They have also continued to use excessive force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the majority of whom were youngsters.      MORE . . .
. . . . . ❶―(ᴀ) FEBRUARY  2016:  97  PALESTINIAN  HOMES  DEMOLISHED  BY  ISRAEL  FORCES
IMEMC NEWS
5 Mar. 2016
Israeli occupation authorities have demolished around 97 homes and 86 facilities in the occupied West Bank, over the month of February 2016 alone.      MORE . . .
BEDOUIN  TOWN  SLATED  FOR  DESTRUCTION  IS  TRUE  TEST  FOR  ISRAELIS
+972 BLOG
Michal Rotem
2 Mar. 2016
The Negev comprises two thirds of Israel’s territory, but only 10 percent of citizens live there. It is thus no coincidence that the Jewish settlement of Hiran is being planned directly atop the ruins of the Bedouin village Umm al-Hiran. This is a test for all Israelis, and I really hope we do not fail.      MORE . . .
. . . . . ❷―(ᴀ) IOF  CARRIES  OUT  REPEATED  INCURSIONS  INTO  IRAQ  BURIN  VILLAGE
THE PALESTINIAN INFORMATION CENTER
6 Mar. 2016
Israeli occupation forces (IOF) have been storming Iraq Burin village every night over the past few days under the pretext of searching for the perpetrators of the stabbing attack carried out in Har Brakha nearby settlement, which resulted in the death of two soldiers. Iraq Burin is a small quiet village located on a towering rocky hill southwest of Nablus.     MORE . . .

tatura mosque
Remains of mosque in Tantura ruins. (Photo: Zalameh Zalameh at Zochrot)

ABBAS  ARRIVES  IN  JAKARTA  TO  ATTEND  ISLAMIC  SUMMIT  ON  JERUSALEM
PALESTINE NEWS & INFORMATION AGENCY
6 Mar. 2016
President Mahmoud Abbas arrived in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, on Sunday ahead of his expected participation in the fifth extraordinary summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) on Palestine and Jerusalem.     MORE . . .
LAWMAKER  CONTINUES  SIT-IN,  SAYS  RIGHTS  ARE  ‘RESTRICTED’  BY  PA
MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
March 5, 2016
Palestinian lawmaker Najat Abu Bakir on Saturday continued a sit-in strike at the headquarters of the Palestinian Legislative Council for the tenth day in a row, saying that human rights in Palestine were “severely bleeding due to restrictions on freedoms” [. . . . ]
___Political controversy initially erupted last week when Palestinian Authority security forces reportedly attempted to detain Abu Bakir for casting corruption charges against a Palestinian minister.      MORE . . .
❺ Opinion/Analysis/History: THE  TANTURA  MASSACRE  OF  1948  AND  THE  ACADEMIC  CHARACTER  ASSASSINATION  OF  TEDDY  KATZ
MONDOWEISS
Jonathan Ofir
3 Mar. 2016
The Tantura massacre in May 1948, committed by Haganah forces just days after the declaration of the State of Israel, is not only one of the worst massacres of 1948, but its cover-up is also, in itself, a story, showing us just how effective silence can be in obscuring crimes against humanity.
___My article is based on several hours of interview with Teddy Katz, the man whose Masters thesis on the Tantura Massacre (submitted 1998, Haifa University) caused a major furore in Israel following its wide exposure to the Israeli public in a Maariv article in early 2000.      MORE . . .

“A  WINDOW,”  BY  SAMI  MUHANNA
Between the sunrise and me there’s a window.
So I greet my old friends the morning air
and the horizon’s penciled line. Those clouds
are gossiping about a secret rendezvous.
I say hello to that dear memory.

Between my love and me there’s a window.
I gaze out into Spring through the eyes of
someone who loves flowers, whose dreams
are hindered by the little dreams of flowers―
dreams of loss, dreams of goodbye.

Between God and me there’s a window
and I have named it Galilee.
―Translated by John Glenday

From  A  BIRD  IS  NOT  A  STONE:  AN  ANTHOLOGY  OF  CONTEMPORARY  PALESTINIAN  POETRY. Ed. by Henry Bell and Sarah Irving. (Glasgow: Freight Books, 2014) –available From Amazon.com.
Sami Muhanna; Arab Writers’ Union
BDS FINAL LOGO_v5WEB_URL_side

“. . . Jaffa, who broke the days on these sands, is motionless. . .” (Rashid Hussein)

The Bedouin village of Umm el-Hieran
The Bedouin village of Umm el-Hieran

From MONDOWEISS
ONE LAST APPEAL BEFORE A BEDOUIN VILLAGE IN THE NEGEV IS DEMOLISHED AND A JEWISH TOWN IS BUILT IN ITS PLACE
Allison Deger
June 1, 2015
The Bedouin village of Umm el-Hieran in Israel’s southern Negev desert is running out of time and appeals before it will be razed to the ground and an exclusively Jewish town will be built in its place. After a decade of legal battles—a matrix of court cases over lands, houses, and demolition orders—the Bedouins now have one final petition at their disposal, a re-trial. If they lose this hearing their township will be demolished and the saga will end with a modern Jewish bedroom community owned by a private Israeli developer that does not sell homes to Arabs. . .
____. . . In the lead up to the final ruling expected in the next few months the 25 Jewish-Israeli families who want to move into Umm el-Hieran are already living in mobile houses in a nearby nature reserve. They relocated there in 2009. Set behind a barbed-wire fence and a gate, they are ready to motor their caravans downhill to the Bedouin town as soon as the bulldozers remove the last shanty structure. Their hope is to construct 2,500 units serving more than 10,000 Israelis.
(More. . .)

From MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER CALLS FOR LIFTING OF GAZA BLOCKADE DURING VISIT
June 1, 2015
GAZA CITY (Ma’an)
The German foreign minister on Monday called on Israel to lift the blockade of Gaza in return for Palestinian security reassurances during a visit to the beleaguered coastal enclave.
____Frank-Walter Steinmeier, heading a delegation of 60 German officials, arrived in the region on Saturday to hold talks with top Palestinian and Israeli officials.
____During Monday’s visit to Gaza he said the enclave was a “powder keg” at risk of exploding, and called for efforts to quicken reconstruction.
____”I came out of all my discussions yesterday in Jerusalem and in Ramallah with the hope that all parties are mindful that here we are sitting on a powder keg here and that we must ensure that the fuse does not catch light,” Steinmeier said at a press conference in Gaza City’s fishing port. . .
(More. . .)

From MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
LAWYER: PALESTINIAN CHILDREN FACING TORTURE IN ISRAELI JAILS
May 31, 2015
Palestinian children are being beaten and tortured in a “heinous” way by Israeli soldiers during interrogation, a Palestinian Authority lawyer has said.
____Hiba Masalha, a lawyer for the PA committee of prisoners’ affairs, said in a statement on Sunday that teenage detainees are being “terrified, threatened and blackmailed” in contravention of international law and conventions advocating children’s rights.
____Masalha said that she had visited Section 3 of Megeddo prison, where 68 Palestinian teens are currently being held. Most of the detainees she met had been arrested from an orphanage in the northern West Bank city of Tulkarem. . .
(More. . .)

Dangerous children
Dangerous children

From THIS WEEK IN PALESTINE
Special report
ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE PALESTINE CAPITAL MARKET AUTHORITY
Abeer Odeh
June 2015
The Palestine Capital Market Authority (PCMA) is a quasi-governmental agency . . . established in 2004 as the regulator of the Palestinian non-banking financial sector. The PCMA is governed by a board of directors . . . and its mission is to regulate, supervise, and oversee the securities, insurance, financial leasing, and mortgage finance sectors in Palestine . . . the PCMA is responsible for developing and maintaining sound capital markets in Palestine. . . .
____During recent years, Palestine has successfully positioned itself as an emerging nation on the international stage by joining several international organizations where it can demonstrate its capabilities. After the state of Palestine was granted observer status by the United Nations General Assembly . . . February 2014, the PCMA was admitted as the 124th ordinary member of the International Organization of Securities (IOSCO). . . .
(More. . .)

From JONATHAN COOK: THE BLOG FROM NAZARETH
BEN GURION ’48 LETTER BARRED RETURN TO HAIFA
Jonathan Cook
May 27, 2015
Over many decades, Israel’s self-serving deceptions about the Nakba in 1948 have been exposed for the lies Palestinians already knew them to be.
____It was long accepted in the west that, as Israel claimed, Palestinians left their homes because they had been ordered to do so by neighbouring Arab leaders. . .
____. . . For decades Israel’s supporters have been arguing that Haifa, one of Palestine’s most important cities, was not ethnically cleansed of its population. The tens of thousands of Palestinians who fled under Israeli attack in April 1948 were later urged to return, according to Israel’s supporters, but they chose not to . . . But now a letter signed by David Ben Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister and the engineer of its ethnic cleansing policy in 1948, shows that, far from Haifa’s doors being thrown open, Ben Gurion ordered that the refugees be barred from returning. . .
(More. . .)

“Jaffa,” by Rashid Hussein
An opiate cloud hangs over Jaffa,
And the lean roads are pregnant with flies and boredom.
In the streets of heaven, the moon’s funeral.
Jaffa is then without a moon;
Jaffa is then blood on a stone.

Jaffa, who suckled me the milk of orange,
Thirsts! She, whose waves watered the rain.
Jaffa, who broke the days on these sands,
Is motionless, her back broken.
Jaffa, who once was a garden, its trees, men,
Is now an opium den dulling our senses.

I was in Jaffa, removing the rats from her forehead,
Raising the rubble, uncovering corpses without knees,
Burying the stars in the sands and fences.
I took the bullets from her bones and sipped anger.

And, when feeling tired, I got myself a dry bush,
Smoked it and rested.

From A Lover from Palestine and Other Poems: An Anthology of Palestinian Poetry. Ed. By Abdul Wahab Al-Messiri. Washington, D.C.: Free Palestine Press, 1970.

Rashid Hussein was born in Nazareth in the Galilee in 1936. After college he was a school teacher, but was dismissed for his political views. He edited Al-Fajr, an Arabic journal that was banned in 1962. He later wrote on Arab affairs for Uri Aveneri’s paper Ha-olam Hazeh.
____He published two volumes of poetry in 1957 and 1959. He was one of the organizers of Al-Ard, the revolutionary Palestinian movement whose goal was equality for all citizens of Israel that started in 1958 and was banned in 1964. He was imprisoned by Israel several times. He finally chose self-exile after the 1967 War. He emigrated to New York where he lived and wrote until his death in 1977.

One of the many homes of Palestinian families taken over by Jewish fighters in 1948 and still occupied by Israeli citizens, the Palestinian owners having no Right of Return.
One of the many homes of Palestinian families in Jaffa taken over by Jewish fighters in 1948 and still occupied by Israeli citizens, the Palestinian owners having no Right of Return. The same situation exists in Haifa.