“. . . nightmares never leave. Death squads. Detention camps . . .” (Majid Abu Ghoush)

mohammedabukhdeir
“Jewish terrorism is different from Arab terrorism,” Israeli Supreme Court in case of Muhammad Abu Khdeir—see below. (Photo: IMEMC, July 5, 2017)

❶ Israeli settlers assault Palestinian in Hebron’s Old City as Israeli forces watch
❷ Abu Khdeir family: ‘We never had high hopes for Israel’s legal system’

Background: Israeli Practices towards the Palestinian People and the Question of Apartheid. United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia.

❸ Residency Revocation: Israel’s Forcible Transfer of Palestinians from Jerusalem
❹ Opinion/Analysis: “The One-State as a Demand of International Law: Jus Cogens, Challenging Apartheid and the Legal Validity of Israel.”
❺ POETRY by Majid Abu Ghoush
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ ISRAELI  SETTLERS  ASSAULT  PALESTINIAN  IN  HEBRON’S  OLD  CITY  AS  ISRAELI  FORCES  WATCH 
Ma’an News Agency  
July 5, 2017.   A group of Israeli settlers “violently beat” a Palestinian on al-Shuhada Street in the Old City of Hebron in the southern occupied West Bank Tuesday night, according to a local activist.
___Palestinian activist Badi Dweik, a member of Human Rights Defenders, said that a group of Israeli settlers violently attacked and beat 22-year-old Hisham Raghib Abu Isha on al-Shuhada Street, while Israeli forces stood by watching.
___Dweik added that after a while of watching the assault take place, Israeli forces tied Abu Isha up, placed him a military jeep, and transferred him to an unknown location.     [. . . .] Some 800 notoriously aggressive Israeli settlers live under the protection of the Israeli military in the Old City, surrounded by more than 30,000 Palestinians.  MORE . . .    RELATED . . .
❷ ABU  KHDEIR  FAMILY:  ‘WE  NEVER  HAD  HIGH  HOPES  FOR  ISRAEL’S  LEGAL  SYSTEM’    
Ma’an News Agency  
July 5, 2017.   After Israel’s Supreme Court rejected a petition to demolish the homes of three Israelis convicted of brutally killing 16-year-old Muhammad Abu Khdeir in 2014, Abu Khdeir’s family told Palestinian lawyer Muhannad Jibara on Wednesday that they “never had high hopes” that Israel’s legal system would actually order the demolitions.
___The Abu Khdeir family had presented the petition to the Israeli courts demanding that Yosef Haim Ben-David and two minors, who were convicted of kidnapping and burning the Palestinian teenager alive three years ago, have their homes demolished, in line with an official Israeli policy carried out overwhelmingly against Palestinians who have killed Israelis.
___Jibara said that the Abu Khdeir family had submitted the petition in the Israeli courts in order to expose the “racism” of the Israeli government against Palestinians in their policies of punitive home demolitions and to “cause embarrassment” to the Israeli courts.   MORE . . .           BACKGROUND . . .

“ISRAELI  PRACTICES  TOWARDS  THE  PALESTINIAN  PEOPLE  AND  THE  QUESTION  OF  APARTHEID. Palestine and the Israeli Occupation.”  United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). By Richard Falk and Virginia Tilley. Global Research, March 19, 2017
(The report has been removed from the UN website. It is available at link below.)       [. . . .] Since 1967, Palestinians as a people have lived in what the report refers to as four “domains”, in which the fragments of the Palestinian population are ostensibly treated differently but share in common the racial oppression that results from the apartheid regime. Those domains are:  Civil law, with special restrictions, governing Palestinians who live as citizens of Israel;   Permanent residency law governing Palestinians living in the city of Jerusalem;     Military law governing Palestinians, including those in refugee camps, living since 1967 under conditions of belligerent occupation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip;      Policy to preclude the return of Palestinians, whether refugees or exiles, living outside territory under Israel’s control.     [. . . .] This report finds that, taken together, the four domains constitute one comprehensive regime developed for the purpose of ensuring the enduring domination over non-Jews in all land exclusively under Israeli control in whatever category. To some degree, the differences in treatment accorded to Palestinians have been provisionally treated as valid by the United Nations, in the absence of an assessment of whether they constitute a form of apartheid. In the light of this report’s findings, this long-standing fragmented international approach may require review.     [. . . .] The report concludes that the weight of the evidence supports beyond a reasonable doubt the proposition that Israel is guilty of imposing an apartheid regime on the Palestinian people, which amounts to the commission of a crime against humanity, the prohibition of which is considered jus cogens in international customary law. The international community, especially the United Nations and its agencies, and Member States, have a legal obligation to act within the limits of their capabilities to prevent and punish instances of apartheid that are responsibly brought to their attention . . . .    FULL REPORT . . .

❸ RESIDENCY  REVOCATION:  ISRAEL’S  FORCIBLE  TRANSFER  OF  PALESTINIANS  FROM  JERUSALEM 
Al-Shabaka: The Palestinian Policy Network 
July 3, 2017.   Under international law, East Jerusalem is considered an occupied territory and the de facto annexation of the city by the Israeli government is considered illegal. Throughout its occupation, Israel has enacted discriminatory laws and policies to diminish the presence of the Palestinian population in East Jerusalem. By granting Palestinians a “permanent” residency status to live in Jerusalem, entry into and residency in Jerusalem becomes a revocable privilege, instead of an inherent right.
___The second infographic focuses on the unlawful Israeli policy of residency revocation targeting Palestinians from Jerusalem.  The revocation of permanent residency status is the most direct tool used to forcibly transfer Palestinians from occupied East Jerusalem, so that a Jewish-Israeli majority can be maintained in the city. 1 Since 1967, Israel created and consistently expanded the criteria for revoking the residency status of Palestinians, leading to the revocation of the residency rights of more than 14,500 Palestinians from Jerusalem to date.   MORE . . .

IMG_3215 - Copy
Israeli Occupation Force guard tower in Hebron where 800 illegal settlers hold 30,000 Palestinian citizens at bay. (Photo: Harold Knight, November 10, 2015)

❹ Opinion/Analysis:  “THE  ONE-STATE  AS  A  DEMAND  OF  INTERNATIONAL  LAW:  JUS  COGENS,  CHALLENGING  APARTHEID  AND  THE  LEGAL  VALIDITY  OF  ISRAEL.”
Ben-Dor, Oren.
Holy Land Studies: A Multidisciplinary Journal  (Edinburgh University Press), vol. 12, no. 2, Nov. 2013, pp. 181-205
[. . . .] However, on closer look, apartheid in Israel is as constitutionally inbuilt as it was in South Africa and structurally limits, directly or indirectly, the ambit of possible egalitarian reforms. Central governmental investment turns out to be inherently biased in favour of the country’s Jewish population, and official property law regimes and land policies push towards the ‘Judaisation’ of the land, meaning the transfer to Jewish citizens or institutions of lands expropriated from non-Jewish Arab citizens and/or institutions while discouraging, or even actually forbidding, non-Jewish Arabs from taking up residence in Jewish areas. . . .  ‘Emergency’ Regulations caused many cases of uprootedness and internal displacements. Many housing projects in new development towns are not open to non-Jewish Arabs. Arab municipalities are given far less investment than their Jewish counterparts. Many welfare benefits such as higher education places, preferential loans, have purposely been made conditional upon army service so as to exclude non-Jewish Arabs who are generally barred from serving, and, of course, cannot be expected to have any great wish to serve, in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF). ‘Non-Jewish Arab second class ‘citizens’ are not entitled to compete for university scholarships that are given by the Jewish Agency. . .  Tax benefits are open to ‘returning’ Israeli Jews or to Israeli Jewish citizens who have spent a long time abroad thus tempting them to emigrate to Israel, while these are not open to non-Jewish Arabs.   FULL ARTICLE (begin page 4) . . .

OCCUPATION,”  BY  MAJID  ABU  GHOUSH
Occupied Ramallah 17/11/06

Strange days cast dour shadows
Dusk. The fragrance of death
on a windowsill.
In the lingering heat
an impossible burden weighs
down on eyelids and chest;
the throat aches, the spine throbs.

Rose petals all tarnished with foul dust
from the poisoned world.
Black limousines sail past, flying
the skull and crossbones.
The grave yawns open early,
nightmares never leave.
Death squads. Detention camps.

Somewhere, an oud
pronounces its sad chords.
The invaders smile; tap their feet.
―Translated by John Glenday

Majid Abu Ghoush (b. Amwas) is a prolific poet, a member of the secretariat of the General Union of Palestinian Writers, and a founding member of Poets Without Borders, Palestine.
From A BIRD IS NOT A STONE: AN ANTHOLOGY OF CONTEMPORARY PALESTINIAN POETRY. Ed. by Henry Bell and Sarah Irving. (Glasgow: Freight Books, 2014).   Available from Barnes and Noble.

“. . . If poetry does not carry a lantern . . .” (Mahmoud Darwish)

1-IMG_3195
View of the Valley Below the Tent of Nations, 9km Southwest of Bethlehem. (Photo: Harold Knight, Nov. 13, 2015)

❶ Extending the duration of detaining 4 Jerusalemite children inside internal rehabilitation institutions
❷ Israeli Court Convicts Primary Suspect in Abu-Khdeir Murder
❸ PA losing $285 million a year under arrangements with Israel
❹ Palestine to send medics, aid to Ecuador after deadly earthquake
❺ Opinion/Analysis: POETIC  INJUSTICE:  PALESTINIAN  POET  ARRESTED  OVER  FACEBOOK  POST
❻ POETRY by Mahmoud Darwish
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
EXTENDING  THE  DURATION  OF  DETAINING  4  JERUSALEMITE  CHILDREN  INSIDE  INTERNAL  REHABILITATION  INSTITUTIONS
Wadi Hilweh Information Center – Silwan
April 18, 2016
The District Court judges decided to extend the duration of detaining 4 Jerusalemites children inside internal rehabilitation institutions [. . . .]
___The internal institutions are “rehabilitation institutions” run by the social affairs. Detaining children in such institutions is based on recommendations by the public prosecution and intelligence service; they are considered an alternative to the occupation prisons.      MORE . . .  

ISRAELI  COURT  CONVICTS  PRIMARY  SUSPECT  IN  ABU-KHDEIR  MURDER
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA
April 19, 2016
The primary suspect in the murder of Palestinian teenager Mohammed Abu Khdeir was convicted of murder on Tuesday, after an Israeli court in Jerusalem rejected an insanity plea presented by the defendant [. . . .]
___Abu Khdeir’s family demanded that not only Ben-David be sentenced to life imprisonment, but that also HIS FAMILY HOME BE PUNITIVELY DEMOLISHED [emphasis added], in parallel with the Israel’s policy of punitive demolition of family houses of Palestinians accused of carrying out attacks . . .  MORE . . .   HISTORY . . .

PA  LOSING  $285  MILLION  A  YEAR  UNDER  ARRANGEMENTS  WITH  ISRAEL
Ma’an News Agency
April 18, 2016
The Palestinian Authority is losing up to $285 million a year under its current economic arrangements with Israel, the World Bank said on Monday [. . . .]
___It found that the current revenue sharing arrangements as outlined by the Paris Protocol — through which Israel collects VAT, import taxes and other revenues on behalf of the PA — “have not been systematically implemented.”     MORE . . .

PALESTINE  TO  SEND  MEDICS,  AID  TO  ECUADOR  AFTER  DEADLY  EARTHQUAKE
Ma’an News Agency
April 17, 2016
A Palestinian medical team will leave the occupied West Bank on Monday to help victims of a deadly earthquake in Ecuador, the Palestinian Ministry of Health said [. . . .]
___Meanwhile, Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki said a team of 15 Palestinian emergency and disaster medics would leave for Ecuador on Monday.
___Al-Maliki added that Palestine and Ecuador have always shared a strong bond and been supportive of one another.     MORE . . .

Opinion/Analysis:  POETIC  INJUSTICE:  PALESTINIAN  POET  ARRESTED  OVER  FACEBOOK  POST
+972 Blog
Yoav Haifawi
April 17, 2016
Poet and activist Dareen Tatour has been charged with incitement to violence based on a poem she posted on Facebook. Its translation by a policeman whose sole competence as a translator is his ‘love for the Arabic language,’ was enough to convince the court to extend her remand and keep her under house arrest. MORE . . .   

“OF  POETRY,”  BY  MAHMOUD  DARWISH

I

Yesterday, we sang to a star behind a cloud
and bathed in our tears.
Yesterday, we bickered with the vine trees and the moon
with the nights, and fate,
and made love to women.
The hour struck, Khayyam drank on
and under the rhythm of his drugged songs
we remained poor as ever.
Poets, friends
we are in a new world!
What has passed is dead, and whoever writes a poem
in the days of the atom and the wind
creates prophets.

II

Our poems are without colour,
voiceless and tasteless.
If poetry  does not carry a lantern from house to house,
if the poor to not know what it ‘means’
we had better discard it!
It is better that we seek immortal silence

III

I would that these poems were
the chisel in the labourer’s hand,
the bomb in the extremist’s―

I would that these words
were the plough between a peasant’s hands,
a shirt, a door, or a key!
Someone has said,
If my poems please those who love me
and anger my enemies
then I am a poet. . .
But a for me―

(1964)

From WHEN THE WORDS BURN: AN ANTHOLOGY OF MODERN ARABIC POETRY: 1945-1987.
Translated and edited by John Mikhail Asfour. Dunvegan, Ontario, Canada. Cormorant BBooks, 1988.

“. . . youth did not stint in giving his blood for us. He understood. . .” (Mahmoud Shukair)

Photo by Shadi Hatem, Ma'an News Agency.
Photo by Shadi Hatem, Ma’an News Agency.

From MA’AN NEWS AGENCY

Israeli commander kills Palestinian teenager near Ramallah

July 3, 2015
BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) — A senior Israeli commander shot dead a Palestinian teenager in the West Bank Friday after he threw stones at his patrol, medics and Israeli officials said.
____Muhammad Hani al-Kasbah,17, was killed by two bullets after allegedly throwing stones at an Israeli military vehicle close to the Qalandiya checkpoint, south of Ramallah, medics told Ma’an.
(More. . .)

From MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
PALESTINIANS COMMEMORATE MURDER OF TEENAGER ABU KHDEIR
July 2, 2015
JERUSALEM (AFP) — Hundreds of Palestinians demonstrated in East Jerusalem Thursday to commemorate the first anniversary of a teenager being burned to death last summer.
____Muhammad Abu Khdeir, 16, was abducted and killed on July 2, 2014, weeks after the kidnap and murder of three Israeli teenagers in the West Bank.
____Protesters in the streets of Abu Khdeir’s Shufat neighborhood waved Palestinian flags and held up posters and images of the boy in a beige baseball cap, an AFP correspondent said.
(More. . .)

From THE ELECTRONIC INTIFADA
WHEN WILL DAD COME BACK?
Refaat Alareer
The story of my brother, martyr Mohammed Alareer
July 2, 2015
The last time my little niece Raneem saw her dad was when the Israeli shells were falling on the heads and houses of more than 10,000 Palestinians in Shujaiya, east of Gaza City, last summer. My brother Mohammed took the time to help guide many families to shortcuts in a desperate attempt to escape the flying shrapnel and debris.
____He never came back. Not because he did not keep his word, but rather because the Israeli occupation has developed a policy of destroying people and their relationships.
(More. . .)

A destroyed home in Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, 2 July 2015. Ashraf Amra APA images.
A destroyed home in Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, 2 July 2015. Ashraf Amra APA images.

❹Analysis
From THE MIDDLE EAST MONITOR (MEM)
RAND CORPORATION PREDICTS A BLEAK FUTURE FOR ISRAEL

Nonviolent resistance would cost Palestinians $12 billion over ten years and the Israelis $80 billion. Violent uprising, the worst of all possible scenarios, would cost Israel $250 billion (slightly less than its 2014 GDP) and the Palestinians $46 billion (more than three times their 2014 GDP).

Nasim Ahmed
July 2, 2015
The unsustainability of Israel’s occupation is acknowledged almost universally, yet its permanence is the only reality known to most Jews and Palestinians. Its supposed temporary nature has not prevented Israel from becoming more entrenched in its occupation, thus making any future peace deal unviable.
____This unbridgeable divide is reflected in the way that new generations of Israelis make increasingly greater demands on Palestinians . . . . while Palestinians have reached a near consensus that . . . there is nothing left for them to give other than to admit total submission and humiliation.
(More. . .)

❺ Opinion
From +972 MAGAZINE
ONE YEAR SINCE GAZA: WHY THERE’S NO SUCH THING AS A ‘PRECISION STRIKE’

You often hear of an airstrike on Gaza being labeled a ‘precision strike.’ But how precise can a half- or one-ton bomb be when dropped on an area the size of Detroit?

Natasha Roth
July 2, 2015
“In Gaza, we use bombs that are extremely precise, and strike only Hamas targets – not civilians…” – Lt. Omer, Israeli Air Force Pilot [. . . .]
____When you read about an airstrike on Gaza by the Israeli Air Force, you invariably hear it being described as a “precision strike.” [. . . .]
____But look a little closer next time you read about the IAF’s “precision strikes.” . . . a phrase culled straight from the euphemistic military patois that goes into much of the IDF Spokesperson’s press releases (note that this is far from a uniquely Israeli phenomenon—see “surgical strikes,” below).
(More. . .)

“THE YOUTH,” BY MAHMOUD SHUKAIR
That tender-skinned youth did not stint in giving his blood for us. He understood. He understood, by virtue of his good instincts, that we needed clean air and a country, so he did not stint.
____It was his right to live so that he could get to know the country’s cities, one by one. It was his right to live so that he could go to university and read, at the least, ten thousand books. It was his right to live so that he could have a beautiful wife who would share the worries and joys of the world with him. It was his right to live so that he could live, like everyone else. Yet he understood by virtue of his good instincts that we. . . . so he didn’t stint. There he is leaving us now, clutching to the last a stone that he was going to hurl at the enemy.
Translated especially for this collection. (One of the “vignettes” from the collection of short stories. These “vignettes” are more like prose poems than short stories.)

From Shukair, Mahmoud. Mordechai’s Moustache and his Wife’s Cats, and other Stories. Translated by Issa J. Boullata, Elizabeth Whitehouse, Elizabeth Winslow, and Christina Phillips. London: Banipal Books, 2007.
Mahmoud Shukair has been a prodigious creator of short stories since the mid-1960s. He was born in 1941 in Jerusalem and grew up there. He studied at Damascus University and has an MA in Philosophy and Sociology (1965).
____He has published numerous volumes, including nine short story collections, 13 books for children, a volume of folk tales, a biography of a city, and a travelogue. He has written six series for TV, three plays, and countless newspaper and magazine articles, including for online publications.
____He worked for many years as a teacher and journalist, was editor-in-chief of a weekly magazine, Al-Talia’a [The Vanguard] 1994-96, and editor-in-chief of Dafatir Thaqafiya [Cultural File] magazine 1996-2000, when he was also director of literature for the Palestinian Ministry of Culture.
(More. . .)

Mahmoud Shukair
Mahmoud Shukair

“. . . checking over my shoulder to see if I am shadowed. . .” (Yousef Abu Loz)

Apartheid Wall: Jenin
Apartheid Wall: Jenin

❶ from MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
ABU KHDEIR’S NAME REMOVED FROM TERROR VICTIMS’ LIST
April 22, 2015
JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — The Israeli authorities removed Muhammad Abu Khdeir’s name from an Israeli list of terror victims following demands by his family.
___Abu Khdeir’s father told Ma’an that the family called the Israeli National Insurance Institute on Tuesday demanding that Muhammad’s name be removed from the list located in Mount Herzl. They later received a call from the institute telling them that his name was removed from the list.
___Muhammad, 16, was burned to death in July 2014 by Jewish Israelis in a suspected revenge attack for the murders of three Israeli teenagers in the occupied West Bank. . .
___Muhammad’s family said that Israel only added his name to “improve its image to the world” after the gruesome murder which shocked residents of occupied East Jerusalem.
(More. . .)
(Background. . .)

❷ from PALESTINE NEWS AND INFORMATION AGENCY – WAFA
ISRAELI FORCES DETAIN SIX PALESTINIANS FROM JENIN VILLAGE
April 22, 2015
Israeli forces Wednesday detained five Palestinians from Tura village to the southwest of Jenin, said local security sources.
___Forces stormed the village where they proceeded to detain five locals after breaking into and ransacking their families’ houses. The detainees were identified as Mu‘taz Qabha, 22, ‘Abdullah Sami, 23, Ayham Fayez, 22, Muhammad Subhi, 26, and ‘Abdullah Ahmad, 23.
(More. . .)

Abu Kheider's Father
Abu Kheider’s Father

❸ from INTERNATIONAL MIDDLE EAST MEDIA CENTER
PALESTINIAN KIDNAPPED IN AL-AQSA MOSQUE; ISRAELI EXTREMISTS STORM MOSQUE COMPOUND
April 22, 2015
As dozens of Israeli extremists stormed the yards of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, in occupied Jerusalem, chanting and raising Israeli flags, and trying to raise the flags on the mosque, Israeli soldiers kidnapped a young Palestinian man.
Media sources said the soldiers kidnapped Omar Odeh, from Qalansawe, in the Southern Triangle Area.
___Odeh was beaten and cuffed, before being moved to an Israeli police station in Jerusalem’s Old City.
___The abduction took place after scores of Israeli fanatics stormed the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, through the al-Magharba gate, on Wednesday morning, and conducted provocative tours under heavy police and army protection.
___Several fanatic groups called for massive marches into the mosque compound, Wednesday and Thursday to mark “Israel’s Memorial Day.”
(More. . .)
(A simplistic explanation of the importance of Al-Aqsa)
(A different understanding of the importance of Al-Aqsa)

❹ from MONDOWEISS (Scholarly article)
TERRORISM AND THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT: AN ARGUMENT
Jerome Slater
April 21, 2015
As I wrote in my blog of March 18, “Israeli Terrorism: Does Evidence Matter?” I have been unable to place the long article on which the blog was based in any professional journal. I have decided to end that quest, and instead publish the full version here, for whatever interest it may hold for scholars, journalists, and interested general audiences. . .
___My central argument is that contrary to the standard mythology, especially in Israel, Israeli terrorism has been significantly worse than that of the Palestinians. A refutation of this mythology is important for a number of reasons. First, of course, ascertaining historical truth is important for its own sake. Second, the truth might make Israelis less blind to their own behavior and therefore less intransigent in seeking a compromise settlement of their conflict with the Palestinians
(More. . .)

❺ from +972 (Opinion)
WHY I’M THINKING OF LEAVING ISRAEL
By Somow Younis
April 22, 2015
I don’t feel a sense of belonging in the place where I was born. I want to live in a place where my right to vote is not seen as a threat to the regime, where my ethnicity doesn’t hold me back and where my language is not a barrier. One day I will leave, but it won’t be by choice.
. . . So far in my adult life I’ve searched for a sense of belonging by attempting to rule places out: in my childhood village of Arara, in Haifa, in Tel Aviv, and most recently, in Jerusalem. One feeling has followed me to all of those places — being foreign. The sense of foreignness penetrates and permeates inside of me and I fight it in my daily battle for survival. What does it mean to feel like you belong?
. . . I sigh and I ponder. One can’t speak about the Nakba in the past tense. It is ongoing and continues. There it is, I’m done. Lightyears separate reality and my dreams of being recognized as an ethnic majority in a state that defines itself first and foremost as a nation-state, dreams of being granted full cultural autonomy, of realizing even the simplest dreams, without obstacles and limitations.
Somow Younis is a lawyer and social activist.
(More. . .)
Also by Somow Younis

“LAST OF THE CENTURY,” BY YOUSEF ABU LOZ

Knowing my country is far
I pack my cases and fly
always checking over my shoulder
to see if I am shadowed, always
looking around: paranoid

I hasten my wings, oh
wait for me, my country, I am lost
in the century. I swoon and swoop
with the invaders’ hot breath
on my neck and even though
I rush past a decade of years
they still beat me to her.

I’ve become older, I know my life
is behind me. Where I cannot fly.

Translated by Ryan Van Winkle

Yousef Abu Loz’s collection Fatima Goes to the field early received the Arab Writers Union Award. Born in Jordan, he has worked in education and culture across the Arab world.

From A BIRD IS NOT A STONE: AN ANTHOLOGY OF CONTEMPORARY PALESTINIAN POETRY (Glasgow: Freight Books, 2014) –available from Amazon.com.

Somos Younis
Somow Younis