“. . . to demolish a man’s house is to tear his heart into little pieces . . . an extremely inhuman act . . .” (Irus Braverman)

demolition
Demolitions in Umm al-Kheir on Aug. 8, 2016 (Photo: Ma’an News Agency)

❶ Israel poised to raze Bedouin village so Jews can take land

Background from Law & Social Inquiry

. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) Israeli forces demolishes Palestinian structures across West Bank, assault locals
. . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) Israeli occupation demolishes restaurant, pottery workshop in Nablus, residencies in Hebron
. . . ❶ ― (ᴄ) Israeli forces demolish water pipelines under construction in northern West Bank
❷ Council: Palestinians in need of 30,000 housing units in Jerusalem
❸ POETRY by Yousef El Qedra
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ ISRAEL  POISED  TO  RAZE  BEDOUIN  VILLAGE  SO  JEWS  CAN  TAKE  LAND
The Electronic Intifada
Charlotte Silver
Aug. 8 2016
Israeli bulldozers are poised to raze the Bedouin village Umm al-Hiran in the Naqab (Negev) region in the south of the country.
___On 31 July, bulldozers began ploughing a trench around the village, encircling those homes Israel intends to demolish to make way for a Jewish community.
___The village lost its 13-year legal battle in May 2015, when a three-judge panel on Israel’s high court ruled that the government was authorized to demolish the village and displace its residents  [. . . .]
___Like about 40 other Bedouin villages home to 70,000 people in the Naqab, Umm al-Hiran is not recognized by Israeli authorities, leaving its 1,000 residents, who are Israeli citizens, without basic services or rights.     MORE . . .         RELATED. . .

From: Braverman, Irus. “Powers Of Illegality: House Demolitions And Resistance In East Jerusalem.” Law & Social Inquiry 32.2 (2007): 333-372

. . . . while Foucault’s analysis [of the spectacle of a public execution in DISCIPLINE AND PUNISH, 1979] depicts brutality as inflicted upon the human body, in the demolition instance this brutality is imposed upon the nonhuman body of the house. Significant as it may seem, this distinction between human and nonhuman bodies is rendered irrelevant by most of the Palestinian informants. The Palestinian community planner, for example, claimed that “a person whose house has been demolished, I don’t see any difference between him and a person whose only child is killed,” and a Palestinian defense lawyer told me: “to demolish a man’s house is to tear his heart into little pieces . . . the demolition is an . . . extremely inhuman act.”
___Clearly, most Palestinian informants not only themselves relate to their house as interchangeable with their body but also believe that Israel relates to it in a similar way. Accordingly, this is how a Palestinian Jerusalemite that has worked as a planner in the Jerusalem municipality for over thirty years described the situation: “they twist our hand behind our back until they hear a cry of pain: [then] the municipal officials smile with pleasure, and twist our hand even tighter in order to produce a louder cry. They take pleasure in the Palestinian pain more than in anything else.”
___But while the identification of the Palestinian body with the body of her house may establish one cause for its demolition, another explanation is also possible. Such an alternative explanation is provided by a Jewish Israeli defense lawyer who has been representing Palestinians from East Jerusalem for over twenty years. The lawyer suggests that the official Israeli discourse regards the Palestinians as “airplanes that are not even detected by the Israeli radar,” namely as invisible to Israeli administrators. Rather than choosing between these two seemingly conflicting interpretations, it is important to see their simultaneous existence: while the first interpretation embodies the Palestinian in this space by rendering her body opaque, the second interpretation disembodies her, making for a transparent Palestinian body.
___Instead of undermining each other, the bifurcated dialectic between these two bodily interpretations provides for their reciprocal reinforcement.

. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) ISRAELI  FORCES  DEMOLISHES  PALESTINIAN  STRUCTURES  ACROSS  WEST  BANK,  ASSAULT  LOCALS
Ma’an News Agency
Aug. 9, 2016
Israeli authorities carried out multiple demolitions across the occupied West Bank on Tuesday morning, including residential structures funded by the European Union, in the midst of an unprecedented campaign targeting Palestinian homes, business, and agricultural structures under the pretext of lacking building permits which are nearly impossible to obtain.
___The demolitions — which included two business in Sabastiya, five homes in Umm al-Kheir, and two homes in al-Jiftlik — were immediately denounced by Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah in a statement released on Tuesday.
___“Israel is relentlessly destroying Palestinians’ homes and livelihoods in order to make way for more illegal settlements,” Hamdallah said.     MORE . . .

demolitions 2
Demolitions in Umm al-Kheir on Aug. 8, 2016 (Photo: Ma’an News Agency)

. . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) ISRAELI  OCCUPATION  DEMOLISHES  RESTAURANT,  POTTERY  WORKSHOP  IN  NABLUS,  RESIDENCES  IN  HEBRON
Alray Palestine Media Agency
Aug. 9, 2016
The Israeli occupation forces demolished on Tuesday a restaurant and a pottery workshop in the village of Sebastia, north of Nablus, as well as residential structures in the village of Um al-Kheir near Hebron, local sources reported.
___Mayor of Sebastia municipality said that Israeli forces broke into the village and demolished a restaurant and a pottery workshop, both owned by two local Palestinian villagers, under the pretext of construction without permission.     MORE . . .
. . . ❶ ― (ᴄ) ISRAELI  FORCES  DEMOLISH  WATER  PIPELINES  UNDER  CONSTRUCTION  IN  NORTHERN  WEST  BANK
Ma’an News Agency
Aug. 8, 2016
Israeli forces reportedly destroyed large portions of a water pipeline under construction in the northern occupied West Bank district of Tubas on Monday.
___Arif Daraghmah, the head of the village council in the Jordan Valley and neighboring Bedouin communities, told Ma’an that Israeli forces accompanied by military vehicles and two bulldozers began the demolition process early on Monday morning on the pipeline, which he said targeted a pipeline funded by NGO Action Against Hunger that had been under construction for the past four months in order to provide water to residents of the area.
___Daraghmah added that the Israeli forces completely destroyed the four-kilometer water pipeline between the town of Tubas and the village of Yarza, and also destroyed and seized large parts of the nine-kilometer pipeline connecting Yarza to the village of al-Malih.
___He said Israeli forces were carrying out these demolitions in order to pressure Palestinian residents into leaving the area.     MORE . . .

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Demolitions in Umm al-Kheir on Aug. 8, 2016 (Photo: Ma’an News Agency)

❷ COUNCIL:  PALESTINIANS  IN  NEED  OF  30,000  HOUSING  UNITS  IN  JERUSALEM
Al-Hourriah
Aug. 8, 2016
Jerusalem will be in need of 30,000 housing units, the Palestinian Housing Council said Monday.
___The council’s technical director in the occupied West Bank, Zuheir Ali, said, at a workshop held in al-Bireh under the title “Housing in Occupied Jerusalem: Facts and Challenges,” that the Palestinians have been facing difficulties in constructing new homes on at least 13% of east Jerusalem lands.
___Ali added that Israeli restrictive measures resulted in a sharp housing crisis and that Occupied Jerusalem is in need of 30,000 housing units, to the tune of around three billion dollars, until 2020.     MORE . . .  

“I  HAVE  NO  HOME,”  BY  YOUSEF  EL  QEDRA

I saw clouds running away from the hurt.
I have no language.
Its weight is lighter than a feather.
The quill does not write.
The ink of the spirit burns on the shore of meaning.
The clouds are tears, filled with escape and lacking definition.
A cloud realizes the beauty she forms—
beauty which contains all good things,
for whom trees, gardens, and tired young women wait.

I have no home.
I have a night overripe with sweats caused by numbness all over.
Time has grown up on its own without me.
In my dream, I asked him what he looks like.
My small defeats answered me.
So I asked him again, What did he mean?
Then I found myself suspended in nothingness,
Stretched like a string that doesn’t belong to an instrument.
The wind played me. So did irresistible gravity.
I was a run of lost notes that have a sad, strong desire to live.
―Translated by Yasmin Snounu and Edward Morin

Yousef El Qedra is a young poet and playwright living in Gaza. He has his BA degree in Arabic Literature from Azhar University, Gaza. Since 2006 he has worked as a project coordinator of theater and youth groups for the Cultural Free Thought Association in Gaza City. He has written several books and plays and published four volumes of poetry, translated into French and Spanish.
From BEFORE  THERE  IS  NOWHERE  TO  STAND:  PALESTINE  ISRAEL  POETS  RESPOND  TO  THE  STRUGGLE.  Ed. By Joan Dobbie and Grace Beeler. Sandpoint ID: Lost
Horse Press, 2012. Available from Amazon. demolitions 4

Demolitions in Umm al-Kheir on Aug. 8, 2016 (Photo: Ma’an News Agency)



“. . . with the end goal of preventing the emergence of a contiguous Palestinian state. . .” (Hatem Bazian)

feinstein
Did she mean to be so welcoming? US Senator Diane Feinstein (Democrat of California) welcomes citizens of Susiya Village (Photo: Sen. Feinstein webpage)

❶ Fate of Hebron Hills village [Susiya] likely to be decided by Israeli defense minister
. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) American Senator Dianne Feinstein graciously receives Susiya & Um Al Kheir families  (September 29, 2015)
. . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) Reckless politicking: Lieberman to be named Israel’s defense minister
(May 20, 2016)

  • Background from Harvard International Review

❷ Opinion/Analysis:  HOME  DEMOLITIONS  ARE  ORGANIZED  STATE  VIOLENCE
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ FATE  OF  HEBRON  HILLS  VILLAGE  LIKELY  TO  BE  DECIDED  BY  ISRAELI  DEFENSE  MINISTER
Ma’an News Agency
August 1, 2016
In the latest development in a decades-long legal battle by Palestinian residents of the village of Susiya in the southern Hebron Hills to remain in their ancestral lands, an Israeli supreme court hearing confirmed on Monday that a decision regarding the fate of the threatened village could likely be decided by ultra-right Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman.
___The hearing was set to decide whether to accept the state of Israel’s request to immediately and without prior notice demolish 40 percent of the occupied West Bank village where some 100 people live, according to Israeli NGO Rabbis for Human Rights (RHR).     MORE . . .
. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) AMERICAN  SENATOR  DIANNE  FEINSTEIN  GRACIOUSLY  RECEIVES  SUSYA  &  UM AL KHEIR  FAMILIES
Rabbis for Human Rights
September 29, 2015
California Senator Dianne Feinstein graciously received representatives from the villages of Susiya and Um Al Kheir – two villages under the threat of demolition by the state of Israel. In July of this year, Senator Feinstein sent a letter to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu asking him to halt any demolition orders for the village of Susiya.    MORE . . .
. . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) RECKLESS  POLITICKING:  LIEBERMAN  TO  BE  NAMED  ISRAEL’S  DEFENSE  MINISTER
Brookings Institution
Natan Sachs
May 20, 2016
[. . . .]
Netanyahu is now poised to bring back Avigdor Lieberman, a former foreign minister and Israel’s least diplomatic politician. Lieberman won’t be returning to diplomacy, however. Instead, he will get a significantly more powerful position, second only to the prime minister: minister of defense.
[. . . .]
Lieberman’s pending appointment has been met with astonishment by the opposition in Israel, by many in the military which he will oversee, and indeed here in Washington—and with good reason.
___Just these past few months, Lieberman has viciously attacked both Netanyahu and the military brass for what he claimed was a weak response to terrorist attacks.
[. . . .]
Most importantly, Israel’s actual policy may be affected significantly by this move. Of all the governmental posts, defense is the one that has the most effect on the crucial questions of security for Israelis (and on the daily lives of Palestinians). . . . Netanyahu’s political brilliance has wrought one of the most hardline governments Israel has ever had.      MORE . . .

From Harvard International Review
On November 10th, 2013, the Israeli cabinet voted in a special session to authorize the demolition and removal of Umm al-Hiran, an “unauthorized” Palestinian Bedouin village in the Negev Desert. In its place was to be built a new community for national Jews to be named Hiran, which had been planned and approved in early 2002. The stated reason for this demolition and forceful eviction is the existing settlement’s lack of permits. . .  Umm al-Hiran itself was set-up in early 1956 by the Palestinian Abu-Alkian tribe after they had been forced to move from their ancestral tribal lands near Kibbutz Shoval in the Northern Negev.
___A more critical development related to this event is the Israeli Parliament’s passing of the first reading of the Prawer law [2011]. . .  [which] would cause the forceful displacement of 40,000-70,000 Arab Bedouins from the Negev, the confiscation of 800,000 dunams of Arab land, the razing to the ground of 36 or more Arab villages. . . According to Adallah, the Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, the “underlying premise of the draft bill is that there is no Bedouin land ownership,” effectively negating the “population’s right to property and historic affinity to the land.”
[. . . .]
The debates within Israel proper surrounding the eviction of the Arab Bedouin communities focus on the same themes that propel the building and expansion of settlements in the Occupied West Bank and the Golan Heights. Since Israel’s occupation of both areas in 1967, policy has been to effectively alter the areas’ demographic landscape by transferring and settling Jewish civilian populations onto confiscated lands, with the end goal of preventing the emergence of a contiguous Palestinian state. Indeed, settler movement into the West Bank has swelled in the past 20 years, and at present some 344,779 settlers reside in approximately 130 settlements authorized and protected by the Israeli government. In addition, another 200,000 settlers have moved into East Jerusalem in hopes of altering the Palestinian demography in the city and preventing a possible Palestinian capital from emerging if a “peace” agreement is reached.

  • Bazian, Hatem. “The Indigenous Palestinians.” Harvard International Review 35.3 (2014): 40-43.   FULL ARTICLE.

❷ Opinion/Analysis: HOME  DEMOLITIONS  ARE  ORGANIZED  STATE  VIOLENCE
+972 Blog
Hagai El-Ad
July 28, 2016
Over the last decade, Israel has demolished over 1,100 Palestinian homes in the West Bank, leaving homeless more than 5,199 people, including at least 2,602 minors. The extensive demolitions are part of a broader Israeli policy of forced transfer. The following speech was delivered at a conference on home demolitions held at the Knesset on July 27, 2016.
[. . . .]
First and foremost, these figures deal with human lives. Lives that Israel ruins, deliberately, as part of a broader strategy designed to dispossess Palestinians from vast areas of the West Bank, to make their lives unbearable until they finally take the hint and move, to move them into smaller concentrated areas, to push them out.
[. . . .]
We at B’Tselem present these figures and explain their import to the Israeli public, to you – members of Knesset, and to the world. We show how Israel managed to [employ] bureaucratic mechanisms to promote the big move of dispossessing Palestinians in the West Bank, and to justify it all on administrative and legal grounds. This is organized state violence, and all the Israeli branches of government are party to it, each playing its own role: the planning mechanisms, the military, the Civil Administration, and also the settlers, and last but not least, the courts that serve as the crowning jewel in whitewashing the injustice.     MORE . . . demolition

Israeli forces demolish Bedouin houses in the village of al-Arakib in the Negev desert, March 1, 2015 (File photo: PressTV)

“. . . to the last pulse in my veins I shall resist . . .” (Samih Al-Qasim)

Bedouin boy rides his bike in southern Israel's Negev desert
A Bedouin boy rides his bike through the unrecognized village of Um Al-Hiram in southern Israel’s Negev desert, Oct. 16, 2014. (photo by REUTERS/Finbarr O’Reilly)

❶ Palestinian accused of Hebron shooting killed after Israeli forces bombard house

  • Background from Studies In Conflict & Terrorism
    . . [Note: presents the Israeli/American justification for “anti-terrorism” strategies]

❷ Israeli forces demolish Bedouin village of al-Araqib for the 101st time
❸ 100k Bedouin Israelis couldn’t watch Netanyahu’s ‘apology’ — they don’t have electricity
. . . ❸ ― (ᴀ) Netanyahu accidentally calls Arabs ‘goats’ in video intended to promote ‘equality and dignity for all’
❹ POETRY by Samih Al-Qasim
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ PALESTINIAN ACCUSED OF HEBRON SHOOTING KILLED AFTER ISRAELI FORCES BOMBARD HOUSE
Ma’an News Agency
July 27, 2016
Israeli forces killed a Palestinian man and injured five others in the village of Surif north of Hebron overnight Tuesday, after Israeli soldiers bombarded and destroyed a house he was fortified in, with the Israeli army saying the man was responsible for a deadly drive-by shooting on July 1.
___Spokesperson for the Israeli army Avichay Adraee said in a statement in Arabic that Israeli troops exchanged fire with Muhammad Faqih after surrounding the house.
___The Israeli soldiers, he said, fired several anti-tank missiles at the house after the “terrorist” started to return fire. A bulldozer from the Israeli army’s engineering corps then demolished the house before Faqih was killed. . . .
___Eyewitnesses told Ma’an they saw the body of Faqih in the bucket of an Israeli army bulldozer that pulled him out of the rubble.         MORE . . .  

From Studies In Conflict & Terrorism
Hamas carried out its first suicide attack on 6 April 1994. The incident, which killed 8 persons and wounded 34 others, occurred in the northern Israeli city of Afula. It was timed to coincide with the end of the Islamic period of mourning that had begun on 25 February when Dr. Baruch Goldstein, an American-born, ultra-nationalist, orthodox Jew, had killed 29 Palestinian worshippers at the Hebron religious shrine known to Jews as the Cave of the Patriarchs and to Muslims as the Ibrahim mosque. The attack was also meant to derail the talks then in progress between Israel and the PLO on implementing g the Oslo accords. Thereafter a series of suicide bombings followed, including attacks in Hadera on April  (which killed 5 persons); at the Dizengoff Shopping Center in Tel Aviv in October (in which 22 persons died); and at Nezarim Junction less than a month later (where 3 people were killed). According to Sprinzak, who was one of Israel’s leading experts on suicide terrorism, these incidents were decisive in “erod[ing] Israel’s collective confidence in the peace process.” This, in turn, “played right into the hands of extremist Hamas clerics who opposed negotiations with Israel.” Hamas’s inauguration of suicide tactics sharpened its rivalry with the numerically inferior and less consequential PIJ. Fearing its own complete eclipse, PIJ got into the act: killing twenty Israeli soldiers in a suicide attack near Netanya on 22 January 1995.
___In all these incidents—for Hamas and PIJ alike—Hezbollah’s influence, example, and training is evident. Khaled Meshal, Hamas’s political leader, was quite candid about this during an interview he gave in July 2000. “We always have the Lebanese experiment before our eyes,” he explained. “It was a great model of which we are proud.” Indeed, according to Mishal and Sela, this early string of suicide operations were textbook Hezbollah attacks—both groups, they point out, adopted the “same procedure [for] finding a candidate for a suicide operation, training and preparing him psychologically, writing a farewell letter, and making a videotape before his mission.”

  • Hoffman, Bruce, and Gordon H. McCormick. “Terrorism, Signaling, And Suicide Attack.” Studies In Conflict & Terrorism 27.4 (2004): 243-281.  SOURCE.

❷ ISRAELI FORCES DEMOLISH BEDOUIN VILLAGE OF AL-ARAQIB FOR THE 101ST TIME
Ma’an News Agency
July 27, 2016
Israeli forces demolished the Bedouin village of al-Araqib in the Negev region of southern Israel for the 101st time on Wednesday morning, locals told Ma’an.
___The demolition followed several weeks of Israeli bulldozers entering the community to level lands, which escalated to Israeli police conducting raids on the community and detaining several Bedouins after locals attempted to stop the bulldozers.
___Local activist Aziz Sayyah al-Turi said on Sunday that Israeli police escorted bulldozers which raided the village in the morning “to take control of about 1,300 dunum (325 acres) of the village’s land, which they failed to take in 2011 after angry Arab crowds rushed to defend al-Araqib.”  MORE . . .    

thumb-hebron
On February 25, 1994, Baruch Goldstein entered Ibrahimi Mosque, Hebron, and opened fire, killing 29 worshippers and wounding more than 125. (Photo: Uncredited, Published “Desert Peace,” February 28, 2015) – See background article.

❸ 100K BEDOUIN ISRAELIS COULDN’T WATCH NETANYAHU’S ‘APOLOGY’ — THEY DON’T HAVE ELECTRICITY
+972 Magazine
Mairav Zonszein
July 27, 2016
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu published a video addressing the country’s Arab citizens on Monday, in which he apologized for inciting against them — and undermining the most basic of democratic standards — nearly a year and a half ago, on Israeli election day, when he warned that Arab voters were coming to the polls “in droves.” It’s doubtful that it took him the past year and a half to realize the error of his ways.     MORE . . .  

. . . ❸ ― (ᴀ) NETANYAHU ACCIDENTALLY CALLS ARABS ‘GOATS’ IN VIDEO INTENDED TO PROMOTE ‘EQUALITY AND DIGNITY FOR ALL’
Mondoweiss
Allison Deger
July 26, 2016
In what was intended as a message to Palestinians citizens of Israel on “equality and dignity for all,” Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s accidentally called Arabs “goats,” and received backlash from Palestinian political parties for staging a “hypocritical charade.”
___The clip, recorded in Hebrew and English versions, started with an Arabic greeting, the phrase, “Muwatinuna al arab al aezaa.” While the prime minister had meant to say, “My good friends Arab citizens,” with a slight mispronunciation his words were understood as, “my Arab goats.”    MORE . . .  

“ENEMY  OF  THE  SUN,”  BY  SAMIH  AL-QASIM

I may―if you wish―lose my livelihood
I may sell my shirt and bed.
I may work as a stone cutter,
A street sweeper, a porter.
I may clean your stores
Or rummage your garbage for food.
I may lie down hungry,
O enemy of the sun,
But
I shall not compromise
And to the last pulse in my veins
I shall resist.

You may take the last strip of my land,
Feed my youth to prison cells.
You may plunder my heritage.
You may burn my books, my poems,
Or feed my flesh to the dogs.
You may spread a web of terror
On the roofs of my village.
O enemy of the sun,
But
I shall not compromise
And to the last pulse in my veins
I shall resist.

You may put out the light in my eyes
You may deprive me of my mother’s kisses.
You may curse my father, my people.
You may distort my history.
You may deprive my children of a smile
And of life’s necessities.
You may fool my friends with a borrowed face.
You may build walls of hatred around me.
You may glue my eyes to humiliations,
O enemy of the sun,
But
I shall not compromise
And to the last pulse in my veins
I shall resist.
O enemy of the sun
The decorations are raised at the port,
The ejaculations fill the air,
A glow in the hearts,
And in the horizon
A sail is seen
Challenging the wind
And the depths.
It is Ulysses
Returning home
From the sea of loss

It is the return of the sun,
Of my exiled ones
And for her sake, and his
I swear
I shall not compromise
And to the last pulse in my veins
I shall resist.
Resist―and resist.

From: Aruri, Naseer and Edmund Ghareeb, eds. ENEMY  OF  THE  SUN:  POETRY  OF  THE  PALESTINIAN  RESISTANCE. Washington, DC: Drum and Spear Press, 1970.
Available from ABE BOOKS.
About Samih Al-Qasim 

“. . . Will you become . . . an ordinary country? . . .” (Samih Al-Qasim)

bedouin
A demolished house in an unrecognized Bedouin village in the Negev, December 2010 (photo: Times of Israel)

❶ Bethlehem: Settlers Raze Lands in Al-Khader
❷ 1,000 civilian structures demolished by Israeli authorities in Negev
❸ Israeli police to ban burial of Jerusalemite martyrs in their areas
❹ Opinion/Analysis: AFTER  TEL AVIV  ATTACK,  WHAT  IS  GOING  BACK  TO  BUSINESS  AS  USUAL?
❺ POETRY by Samih Al-Qasim
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ BETHLEHEM:  SETTLERS  RAZE  LANDS  IN  AL-KHADER
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
June 8, 2016
Israeli settlers, Wednesday, razed Palestinian-owned lands in the village of al-Khader, to the south of occupied Bethlehem, according to local sources.
___Hasan Burajeya, of the Anti-Settlement Committee in Bethlehem, told WAFA that a group of illegal Israeli settlers, accompanied by a military escort, proceeded to raze about 15 dunams of land near al-Khader. The razed land belongs to local Palestinians from the village.
___Burajeya asserted that the razing of said lands comes as part of Israeli plan to construct a yeshiva (Jewish school) at the site.      MORE . . .  

LATE THIS past June [2012], a group of Israeli settlers in the West Bank defaced and burned a mosque in the small West Bank village of Jabaa. Graffiti sprayed by the vandals warned of a “war” over the planned evacuation, ordered by the Israeli Supreme Court, of a handful of houses illegally built on private Palestinian land near the Israeli settlement of Beit El. The torching of the mosque was the fourth such attack in 18 months and part of a wider trend of routine violence committed by radical settlers against innocent Palestinians, Israeli security personnel, and mainstream settler leaders — all aimed at intimidating perceived enemies of the settlement project.
___This violence has not always plagued the settler community. Although many paint all Israeli settlers as extremists, conflating them with the often-justified criticism of Israeli government policy in the West Bank, the vast majority of them oppose attacks against Palestinian civilians or the Israeli state. In the past, Israeli authorities and the settler leadership often worked together to prevent such assaults and keep radicalism at bay. Yet in recent years, the settler movement has experienced a profound breakdown in discipline, with extremists now beyond the reach of either Israeli law enforcement or the discipline of settler leaders.

  • Byman, Daniel, and Natan Sachs. “The Rise Of Settler Terrorism.” Foreign Affairs 91.5 (2012): 73-86.      Complete Article.     

❷ 1,000  CIVILIAN  STRUCTURES  DEMOLISHED  BY  ISRAELI  AUTHORITIES  IN  NEGEV
The Palestinian Information Center
June 9, 2016
The Israeli authorities demolished 1,041 Bedouin structures in Negev between 2013 and 2015, with a further 1,711 structures being destroyed by their owners after receiving demolition orders. According to a new report by the Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality (NCF), in 2015 alone, nearly 1,000 structures were demolished in Negev — 365 by the Israeli authorities, and 617 by the homeowners themselves.
___The waves of demolitions have displaced thousands of Bedouins over the past three years, according to Michal Rotem, the author of the report.      MORE . . . 

The Negev/Naqab region in southern Israel is a socially segregated landscape rent by clashes between Bedouin and Jewish residents and government bodies over access to land for farming and homes and over the status of Bedouin villages. Though Bedouin residents once migrated within the region and bordering grazing areas, they have been struggling for the past half-century to gain a firm and recognised place within the Israeli state. Approximately half of the Negev’s 180,000 Bedouin Arab residents live in villages and family clusters that the government deems illegal. The other half live in government-planned townships, which hold legal legitimacy as residences.
[. . . .]
However . . . formal citizenship does not guarantee the equal distribution of political rights and economic resources. Rather, ‘differentiated citizenship’ means that social goods are distributed unequally along racial or class-based social divisions. Such is the case for a Jewish–Arab differentiation in Israel. Whereas Israel’s Basic Laws promise equal rights to all citizens . . .  rights are systematically denied to non-Jews (e.g., land purchases and the benefits accruing to military service).
___How does this differentiation happen? Of critical importance for the case of land rights, socially privileged citizens have more influence in defining legitimate and illegitimate land uses. An examination of the media campaigns, protests, court cases and Knesset debates involved in Negev struggles against eviction reveals  the  importance  of  leveraging  cultural  recognition.  Residents in both these cases lived dispersed, agro-pastoral lifestyles that were initially prohibited by the Israeli government. Jewish residents were able to gain legal recognition for their land-use practices, while Bedouin residents were not.

  • McKee, Emily. “Demolitions And Amendments: Coping With Cultural Recognition And Its Denial In Southern Israel.” Nomadic Peoples 19.1 (2015): 95-119.  Available.

❸ ISRAELI  POLICE  TO  BAN  BURIAL  OF  JERUSALEMITE  MARTYRS  IN  THEIR  AREAS
The Palestinian Information Center
June 9, 2016
The Israeli occupation police on Wednesday decided not to allow funerals and burials for Palestinian martyrs from east Jerusalem in their neighborhoods or town and to choose the Muslim cemeteries they would be buried in.
___Yedioth Ahronoth website said this decision was taken following the funeral of martyr Alaa Abu Jamal several weeks when about 200 persons gathered at the Jabel Mukaber cemetery and chanted incitement slogans against Israel and support for the deceased, whom it described as a “terrorist”.
___After reporting what happened at that funeral, minister of public security Gilad Erdan ordered a freeze on returning the bodies of “terrorists” to their families until the incident could be investigated and new conditions could be imposed to ensure funerals would not contain incitement.       MORE . . .

1-tel aviv
Reporter’s notebook: Scenes from the Tel Aviv terror attack – Arab-Israeli Conflict – (Photo: Jerusalem Post)

❹ Opinion/Analysis:  AFTER  TEL AVIV  ATTACK,  WHAT  IS  GOING  BACK  TO  BUSINESS  AS  USUAL?
972 Magazine
Mairav Zonszein
June 9, 2016
I was out last night in Tel Aviv at a poetry book launch for a good friend when the news flashed on my phone that there was a shooting in the Sarona Market . . . .
___Life does go on here despite the violence. That’s just the reality. But when I read the statement by Tel Aviv Mayor Ron Huldai that Israelis cannot let such terror “disrupt our lives” and that we should “return to business as usual” tomorrow, I become enraged. Why shouldn’t this disrupt our lives? [. . . .]
___The word “disruption” here also dismisses the fact that the lives of so many Palestinians are “disrupted” all the time. The entire city of Yatta, where the two murderers are from — a population of about 65,000 people in the occupied West Bank — is now under military lockdown. This is collective punishment, a mass “disruption.”
MORE . . .  

“IF ONLY,” BY SAMIH AL-QASIM

My homeland, an earring dangling

from the ear of the earth;

my homeland . . . a woman

whose thighs are opened by the western wind;

my homeland, the oars of the boat;

my homeland, the absent son:

Will you one day rouse what is in me?

Will you become . . . an ordinary country?

From Al-Qasim, Samih. SADDER THAN WATER. New and Selected Poems. Trans. Nazih Kasis and Adina Hoffman. Jerusalem: Ibis Editions, 2008.
Samih Al-Qasim  Obituary, August 20, 2014   
About Ibis Editions.  Available from Amazon.  

 

“. . . what’s the use of a harmonica in hell? . . .” (Mourid Barghouti)

1-bedouins
A Bedouin family stands near their tents and sheep pens. (Image by West Bank-based photojournalist Mohammad Alhaj.)

❶ Told to leave, determined to stay: Bedouins of the Jordan Valley
❷ Palestinian village [Qabatiya] sealed for 2nd day after deadly attack
Related . . . Reprisal operation in Qabatiya
❸ Israel demolishes 9 Palestinian structures in Jordan Valley
❹ Dozens Injured As Israeli Soldiers Attack Weekly Protest in Bil’in
❺ Opinion/Analysis: Israeli military reportedly seeks to censor private Facebook pages commenting on national security
❻ Poetry by Mourid Barghouti
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
THE ELECTRONIC INTIFADA
TOLD  TO  LEAVE,  DETERMINED  TO  STAY:  BEDOUINS  OF  THE  JORDAN  VALLEY
Mohammad Alhaj
Feb. 2 2016
On the sparsely populated northern stretch of the occupied West Bank’s Jordan Valley live tens of Bedouin families.
___Neglected by both the Palestinian Authority and harassed by the Israeli military, these families have to survive without running water or electricity.
___Any water wells dug by the families themselves will likely be destroyed by Israel, which maintains strict control over water resources in the occupied West Bank. Israel does not issue building permits for more permanent structures. Any attempt to build such structures will likely end in demolition.     More . . .
MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
PALESTINIAN  VILLAGE  [Qabatiya]  SEALED  FOR  2ND  DAY  AFTER  DEADLY  ATTACK
Feb. 5, 2016
Israeli forces on Friday continued to seal the occupied West Bank village of Qabatiya, the hometown of three Palestinians who were shot dead after carrying out an attack that left an Israeli officer dead in Jerusalem earlier this week.
___The Jenin-district village has been closed since late Wednesday, hours after the attack took place.
___Locals told Ma’an that Israeli forces closed the Khirbat al-Wahid road Friday with bulldozers, cutting off the last opening for movement in and out of the village.  More . . .
Related . . . REPRISAL   OPERATION   IN   QABATIYA(Alternative Information Center ―AIC)

1-qabatya
Palestinians run for cover during clashes with Israeli occupation troops in the occupied West Bank village of Qabatya near Jenin, February 4, 2016 (Photo: Reuters)

MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
ISRAEL  DEMOLISHES  9  PALESTINIAN  STRUCTURES  IN  JORDAN  VALLEY
Feb. 5, 2016
Israeli forces on Thursday demolished five homes and four other Palestinian-owned structures in the Jordan Valley town of Tammun in the occupied West Bank.
___A spokesperson for Israel’s Coordination of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT) told Ma’an that Israel’s Civil Administration as well as security forces demolished the structures because they were built illegally “without necessary permits”. . . .
___ Palestinians living in the Jordan Valley — nearly all of which lies under complete Israeli control in Area C — are particularly vulnerable and have for decades faced pressure from Israeli authorities to leave the area.    More . . .
IMEMC-INTERNATIONAL MIDDLE EAST MEDIA CENTER
DOZENS  INJURED  AS ISRAELI  SOLDIERS  ATTACK  WEEKLY  PROTEST  IN  BIL’IN
Feb. 05, 2016
Israeli soldiers used excessive force, Friday, against the weekly nonviolent protest against the Annexation Wall and colonies, in Bil’in village, near the central West Bank city of Ramallah.
___The protest started following noon prayers, when locals, along with Israeli and international peace activists, marched from the center of the village towards the villagers orchards, in the western part of the village.
___The protesters carried Palestinian flags, and pictures of hunger striking detainee Mohammad al-Qeeq — who is in a near-death situation — demanding his release, and the release of all political prisoners.    More . . .
Opinion/Analysis
MONDOWEISS
ISRAELI  MILITARY  REPORTEDLY  SEEKS  TO  CENSOR  PRIVATE  FACEBOOK  PAGES  COMMENTING  ON  NATIONAL  SECURITY
Oren Parsiko
Trans. Jonathan Ofir
Feb. 4, 2016
Change of approach in the military censorship; No more monitoring of Facebook texts following their publication: from now on account holders are required to pass on to the censorship any text regarding the security establishment; Blogger Yossi Gurvitz: I will not comply with the decree, I will apply to the court system.    More . . .

“WITHOUT  MERCY,”  BY  MOURID  BARGHOUTI

There is a sweet music,
but its sweetness fails to console you.
This is what the days have taught you:
in every long war
there is a soldier, with a distracted face and ordinary teeth,
who sits outside his tent
holding his bright-sounding harmonica
which he has carefully protected from the dust and blood,
and like a bird
uninvolved in the conflict,
he sings to himself
a love song
that does not lie.

For a moment,
he feels embarrassed at what the moonlight might think:
what’s the use of a harmonica in hell?

A shadow approaches,
then more shadows.
His fellow soldiers, one after the other,
join him in his song.
The singer takes the whole regiment with him
to Romeo’s balcony,
and from there,
without thinking,
without mercy,
without doubt,
they will resume the killing!

Mourid Barghouti.
From Barghouti, Mourid. MIDNIGHT  AND  OTHER  POEMS. Trans. Radwa Ashour. Todmorden, Lancashire: Arc Publications, 2008. Available from B&N.

1-doves bedouins
A flock of doves flies over a Bedouin tent destroyed by the Israeli military. (Image by West Bank-based photojournalist Mohammad Alhaj.)

 

“. . . I wonder if my soldier shot her too . . .” (Hanan Ashrawi)

hadeel_rajabi_mom
11- year old Hadeel was summoned to the Qishla police station in the western part of the Old City of Jerusalem. (Photo: Palestine Chronicle, Jan. 6, 2016) SEE #5 BELOW.

❶ Ministry: Killing of 4 teens a ‘dangerous escalation’ by Israel
. . ❶―(ᴀ) IOF declares Seir a closed military zone
❷ UK MPs speak out about Israeli detention of Palestinian children
❸ “How to Lie with Maps” in the Context of the Israeli Occupation
❹ Israeli forces demolish 5 Bedouin dwellings in E1 corridor
❺ Opinion/Analysis: [An eleven-year-old child] Resisting Oblivion in the New Year
❻ Poetry by Hanan Ashrawi
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
MINISTRY:  KILLING  OF  4  TEENS  A  ‘DANGEROUS  ESCALATION’  BY  ISRAEL
Jan. 8, 2016
The Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Friday said the deaths of four Palestinian teens the day before marked a “dangerous escalation” in the current political situation.
___The ministry in a statement condemned the “continuous series of crimes and field executions by Netanyahu’s government against Palestinians,” referring to the killing of four Palestinians on Thursday as a “massacre.”
___“It is enough for an Israeli to shout ‘terrorist’ at a nearby Palestinian for them to be shot without first having to either confirm the claim or attempt to arrest them,” the ministry’s statement said. More . . . .
. . ❶―(ᴀ) PALESTINE NEWS NETWORK
IOF  DECLARES  SEIR  A  CLOSED  MILITARY  ZONE
On Friday morning the Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) closed all entrances leading to Seir town, north of Hebron, before declaring it a closed military zone.
___The four Palestinian youths killed on Thursday evening by the IOF after claims that they attempt to stab Israeli soldiers at the Gush Etzion junction were all from Seir city.  More. . . .
Related . . . .
THE MIDDLE EAST MONITOR (MEMO)
UK  MPS  SPEAK  OUT  ABOUT  ISRAELI  DETENTION  OF  PALESTINIAN  CHILDREN
Jehan Alfarra
Jan. 7, 2016
British parliament held a debate on the issue of child prisoners and detainees in the Occupied Palestinian Territories for the second time yesterday, following a debate on the issue in 2010.
___The debate was procured by Sarah Champion MP, who began by addressing the ill-treatment meted out to Palestinian children detained by the Israeli military as documented by two damning reports showing that Israel was in breach of its legal obligations . . . .
___In 2012, a delegation of nine UK lawyers led by the former British Attorney-General, Baroness Scotland, published an independent report funded by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Children in Military Custody, on the plight of Palestinian children arrested and detained by Israel.  More . . . .
THIS WEEK IN PALESTINE
“HOW  TO  LIE  WITH  MAPS”  IN  THE  CONTEXT  OF  THE  ISRAELI  OCCUPATION
Ahmad El-Atrash
Jan. 2016
Since the early days of occupation, the Israeli authorities have used maps as a tool to dispossess Palestinians, establish de facto sovereignty over the occupied territory, and engineer a fabricated statehood. The socio-spatial consequences of map-making, as a form of authority-making, in present-day Palestine become “stubborn realities” that tend to perpetuate in a state of permanent temporariness due to Israel’s prolonged military occupation of territory. In this article, maps are best understood as discourses that create knowledge, particularly so in sensitive geo-political contexts such as the one in which we live.  More . . . .

bediouin home destruction
Israeli forces on Wednesday morning demolished five dwellings housing Palestinian Bedouin families in the Abu Nuwwar community east of Jerusalem — part of the wider E1 corridor — leaving 25 people homeless. (Photo: Ma’an News Agency, Jan. 6, 2016) SEE# 4 BELOW.

MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
ISRAELI  FORCES  DEMOLISH  5  BEDOUIN  DWELLINGS  IN  E1  CORRIDOR
Jan. 6, 2016
Israeli forces on Wednesday morning demolished five dwellings housing Palestinian Bedouin families in the Abu Nuwwar community east of Jerusalem — part of the wider E1 corridor — leaving 25 people homeless.
___Dawood al-Jahalin, a spokesperson for the Abu Nuwwar Bedouin community, told Ma’an that Israeli military and police vehicles surrounded the area at around 8:30 a.m., before bulldozers demolished five dwellings and an agricultural structure.
___The families were not given any time to remove their belongings before the dwellings — made of steel, wood, and canvas — were torn down, he said.  More . . .
Opinion/Analysis
PALESTINE CHRONICLE
RESISTING  OBLIVION  IN  THE  NEW  YEAR
Mahmoud Zidan
Jan 6 2016
At the beginning of the New Year, I cannot help but remember Hadeel Rajabi, an eleven-year-old child. Do I need to say that she’s like all children at this age, full of a combination of innocence, ambition, stubbornness, and perhaps mischievousness? Yes, I do, as she’s a Palestinian . . . .
___On Wednesday the 18th of January last year, Hadeel was not given a gift nor was she expecting one. She wasn’t rewarded for being a high-achieving student, either. She was reminded that she’s a Palestinian, as she was summoned to the Qishla police station in the western part of the Old City of Jerusalem. . . .
___ . . . despite the injuries that an Israeli soldier has inflicted on her and that she still remembers. Etched in the mind of this child is immunity against oblivion. More . . . .

“FROM THE DIARY OF AN ALMOST-FOUR-YEAR-OLD,” BY HANAN ASHRAWI

Tomorrow, the bandages
will come off. I wonder
will I see half an orange,
half an apple, half my
mother’s face
with my one remaining eye?
I did not see the bullet
but felt its pain
exploding in my head.
His image did not
vanish, the soldier
with a big gun, unsteady
hands, and a look in
his eyes
I could not understand.

If I can see him so clearly
with my eyes closed,
it could be that inside our heads
we each have one spare set
of eyes
to make up for the ones we lose.

Next month, on my birthday,
I’ll have a brand new glass eye,
maybe things will look round
and fat in the middle —
I’ve gazed through all my marbles,
they made the world look strange.

I hear a nine-month-old
has also lost an eye,
I wonder if my soldier
shot her too—a soldier
looking for little girls who
look him in the eye—
I’m old enough, almost four,
I’ve seen enough of life,
but she’s just a baby
who didn’t know any better.

Interview with Hanan Ashrawi
From ANTHOLOGY  OF  MODERN  PALESTINIAN  LITERATURE.  Ed. Salma Khadra Jayyusi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. Available from Columbia University Press.

How-to-Lie-with-Maps-2
An Israeli Official Map Showing the West Bank as part of Israel.

“. . . when you finally came to me, I vowed: I will not accept you occupied. . .” (Yusuf Hamdan)

Israeli forces protecting Jewish extremists at Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem
Israeli forces protecting Jewish extremists at Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem

❶ From: INTERNATIONAL MIDDLE EAST MEDIA CENTER (IMEMC)
SOLDIERS  KIDNAP  EIGHT  PALESTINIANS,  INCLUDING  TWO  CHILDREN,  IN  AL-AQSA
August 04, 2015
Israeli soldiers attacked, on Tuesday morning, dozens of Palestinians in the Al-Aqsa Mosque courtyards, in occupied East Jerusalem, and kidnapped eight Palestinians, including two children. At least two were injured, and hospitalized.
____The assaults took place after dozens of Israeli fanatics stormed the courtyards of the mosque, under heavy police and army protection, while carrying Israeli flags, and harassed dozens of worshipers.
____Six of the kidnapped Palestinians are guards of the Al-Aqsa Mosque . . . . The soldiers also kidnapped two Palestinian children. . . .
____Two mosque guards . . . were moved to a Palestinian hospital in occupied Jerusalem, after the soldiers violently assaulted them.
(More. . .)

❷ From: MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
ISRAELI  AUTHORITIES  DELIVER  DEMOLITION  ORDERS  TO  BEDOUIN  FAMILIES
Aug. 3, 2015
JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — Israeli forces delivered demolition warrants to Palestinian Bedouin families in the Jabal al-Baba neighborhood of al-Eizariya, east of Jerusalem, on Monday.
____A spokesman of the Jabal al-Baba community, Atallah Mazarah, told Ma’an that seven families were notified that their corrugated metal homes would be demolished. . . .
____The seven homes house around 50 people, most of whom are children.
____Since 2014, Israel has demolished 15 corrugated metal homes in Jabal al-Baba, leaving dozens of people homeless.
(More. . .)

❸ From: MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
ISRAEL  DENIES  WEST  BANK-BASED  FOOTBALL  TEAM  ENTRY  TO  GAZA
Aug. 3, 2015
JERUSALEM ― The Israeli authorities on Sunday denied Palestinian footballers from the occupied West Bank visa permits to enter Gaza to face a rival team in the first leg of a cup competition, the Palestinian Football Association said.
____The Israeli authorities denied the players and managers of Ahli al-Khalil, based in Hebron, visas to enter Gaza to play Ittihad al-Shujaiyeh at the Yarmouk stadium for the first leg of the Palestine Cup.
____The PFA decried the move by Israeli authorities as “racist policies towards Palestinian sports.”
____The entry permits were reportedly denied due to “security reasons,” the PFA added, without elaborating
(More. . .)

A demonstrator asking on a board to expel Israel from the FIFA takes part in a protest prior to the opening of the 65th FIFA Congress on May 28, 2015 in Zurich. (AFP/Fabrice Coffrini)
A demonstrator asking on a board to expel Israel from the FIFA takes part in a protest prior to the opening of the 65th FIFA Congress on May 28, 2015 in Zurich. (AFP/Fabrice Coffrini)

❹ From: AL-MONITOR (PALESTINE PULSE)
DESPITE  PAYING  TAXES,  MANY  JERUSALEMITES  STILL  WITHOUT  BASIC  SERVICES
Aziza Nofal
August 2, 2015
JERUSALEM — After Hanadi Yaacoub, a Jerusalemite from Beit Hanina in East Jerusalem, married a West Bank resident, she had to move to the Kafr Aqab neighborhood. . . located outside the Israeli West Bank barrier that surrounds and separates Jerusalem from the West Bank. . . . her husband could not live with Yaacoub in Jerusalem because he does not hold a Jerusalem ID. If Yaacoub lives in the areas that do not fall under the Jerusalem municipality’s jurisdiction, she will lose her Jerusalem ID.
____Kafr Aqab is under the jurisdiction of the Jerusalem municipality, which requires a proof of residency in the Jerusalem municipal boundaries to preserve the Jerusalem ID. It is located outside the Qalandia checkpoint. West Bank residents cannot cross this checkpoint, which is why Yaacoub settled in Kafr Aqab, outside the checkpoint, so that her husband can move freely.
(More. . .)

❺ Opinion
From: PALESTINE-ISRAEL JOURNAL OF POLITICS, ECONOMICS & CULTURE
LEGALIZING  THE  ILLEGAL
Ziad AbuZayyad
2015
The Israeli High Court’s decision, issued April 15, 2015, to apply the Absentee Property Law of 1950 to properties in East Jerusalem owned by Palestinians living in the West Bank, considering them absentee property, is nothing more than another tool to allow the occupation to loot Palestinian property, in the West Bank in general and in Jerusalem in particular, for the benefit of Jewish Israeli citizens.
____The final decision of the court confirmed the constitutionality of applying the Absentee Property Law in East Jerusalem, even as it talked extensively about the problems and complications that can result from applying this law in areas occupied in 1967, especially with regard to properties belonging to Palestinian residents of the West Bank.
(More. . .)

“TO JERUSALEM,” BY YUSUF HAMDAN
You came to me, chained,
Carried forcibly.
You came
Flowing, like the tears of a wounded heart.
And yet, I will not meet you.
Forgive me,
For today, you are occupied!

Have you indeed come to me?
In my passion, I prayed often
Without a “Rock,”
And when I found no water,
I simulated the ritual ablution;
And when you finally came to me, I vowed:
I will not accept you occupied!

I want you to be a Kaaba for the people of the earth,
A spacious house,
Without guards;
I love you . . . a voice from a minaret,
The sound of horns
Mingled with church bells.
I love you, a jasmine in the open air,
But I have sworn, yes I have,
I will not accept you occupied!

From: THE PALESTINIAN WEDDING: A BILINGUAL ANTHOLOGY OF CONTEMPORARY PALESTINIAN RESISTANCE POETRY. Ed. and Trans. A. M. Elmessiri. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2011. Reprint from Three Continents Press, Inc., 1982.
―Available from Palestine Online Store.
Also in: Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture. Vol.14 No.1 2007.
Yusuf Hamdan was born in 1942 in the Triangle area of Palestine. He lived in Haifa in the early ‘60s and taught in a nearby Arabic school. He published his poems in al-Jadid, al-Ittihad, and al-Ghad, and lost his teaching position because of his poetry. In 1970 he left Israel for the US, where he presently lives and works.

Palestinian Bedouin families in the Jabal al-Baba neighborhood of al-Eizariya, east of Jerusalem.
Palestinian Bedouin families in the Jabal al-Baba neighborhood of al-Eizariya, east of Jerusalem.