“. . . The Palestinian home space is saturated with individual and collective cultural and political meanings . . .” (Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian)

Homes of Palestinian village of Lifta, abandoned in the Nakba, 1948 (Photo: Harold Knight, Nov. 2015)

❶ . Israeli forces threaten East Jerusalem home with demolition
. . . ❶― (a) Israeli forces shoot Palestinian activist with rubber-coated steel bullet for taking photos

  • Background:  “Exiled At Home: Writing Return And The Palestinian Home.” Biography: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly.

❷ . Israeli Soldiers Assault A Palestinian Woman After Invading Her Home In Hebron
❸ . Israeli forces take over Palestinian home in Hebron
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Ma’an News Agency    
Dec. 13, 2016       Israeli Jerusalem Municipality crews on Monday evening raided the occupied East Jerusalem neighborhood of al-Issawiya and delivered a demolition notice to a Palestinian family, local sources said.
___Iyad Mahmoud told Ma’an that municipality crews, accompanied by armed Israeli forces, broke into his four-story family building and delivered a demolition notice for the top two floors of the building.
___According to Iyad, it wasn’t the first time municipality inspectors have threatened the family with demolition.      More . . .  
Ma’an News Agency     
Dec. 13, 2016      Israeli forces on Monday evening shot a Palestinian activist in the leg with a rubber-coated steel bullet during a raid in the occupied East Jerusalem neighborhood of al-Issawiya while he was attempting to take photos and video footage in the neighborhood, according to a local committee.
___Members of a local follow-up committee in al-Issawiya told Ma’an that committee member Muhammad Abu al-Hummus was “documenting Israeli violations and provocations” when . . . [a soldier] shot a rubber-coated steel bullet at Abu al-Hummus from an approximate distance of 25 meters, hitting him in the leg.
___Prior to the shooting, Israeli forces and police officers had stormed the town and deployed in its alleys “in a provocative manner”. . .       More . . .

  • Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Nadera, and Sarah Ihmoud. “Exiled At Home: Writing Return And The Palestinian Home.” Biography: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly 37.2 (2014): 377-397.   ARTICLE.

In occupied East Jerusalem . . . and throughout historical Palestine, the Palestinian home space is under constant attack. Whether through military invasions of the home space during child arrest, evictions from and theft of homes of Palestinian families by settlers orchestrated by the settler colonial regime, home demolitions, revocations of IDs, construction of the apartheid wall, or a myriad of other means, Zionist attacks on the Palestinian home space are  Inseparable from attacks on the homeland.
[. . . .]  The ongoing militarization, invasion, and destruction of the Palestinian home space are understood as a central aspect of the Zionist project’s erasure of Palestinian history and memory, but also the dislocation of Palestinian familial and communal life. . . .Space is imbued with cultural meaning, and cultural practices are lived in the spatialized locations of the everyday. The Palestinian home space is saturated with individual and collective, cultural and political meanings. As Fatma Kassem notes, for Palestinians, home is “the one place where history and memory are transmitted, thereby preserving the continuity of cultural and national identity.” As such, Israeli settler colonialism’s destruction of the Palestinian home space as an element of inscribing geopolitical, biopolitical, and necropolitical power on everyday life is strategic in disrupting the geographies of Palestinian social relations and the formation of cultural and political identities.
[. . . .]  The ruins of my unfinished family house in Turmos ‘Ayya, the painful realization of losing a home I never knew I could have possessed in Palestine, haunt me to this day. They point to the wide-ranging effects of settler colonial violence on the Palestinian diaspora. My ability to have a childhood and a future in Palestine, a Palestinian identity based in the homeland, was uprooted even before my birth, and replaced by the settlers in Shiloh who set fire to my family’s foundations, while they claim a secure, protected, home space and identity on my ancestors’ land. Yet, coming to terms with these ruins, both physical and psychological, has also been a healing process. They inspire my desire to rebuild a home space in Palestine, to learn the stories of my people, to keep on returning, and as a politically engaged anthropologist, to tell my stories and to write against terror.

International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC    
Dec. 12, 2016       Many Israeli soldiers invaded, on Sunday at night, a Palestinian home in Shiokh town, northeast of Hebron, in the southern part of the occupied West Bank, and assaulted an elderly woman while violently searching and ransacking her home.
___Journalist Ahmad Halayqa said several army vehicles invaded Shiokh, before the soldiers broke into the home of Hajj Ahmad Ali ‘Ayayda, and violently searched and ransacked the property, causing excessive damage.
___Halayqa added that the soldiers also used military dogs during the search, and repeatedly assaulted ‘Ayayda’s wife, especially in her chest, after she objected to their violent invasion and ransacking of her home.       More . . .  

Hebron woman preparing to climb ladder into the back window of her home because the Israelis have permanently blocked access to her front door to make the street “settlers only” (Photo: Harold Knight, Nov. 2015)

Ma’an News Agency     
Dec. 13, 2016        Israeli forces took over a home in the southern occupied West Bank city of Hebron Monday evening and turned it into a military barrack, after confining the family into a single room in the house, local sources said.
___In a phone call to Ma’an, owner of the home Munthir al-Junaydi told Ma’an that Israeli forces raided his house, which is located in the Numrah area of Hebron, and turned into a military post.
___He said Israeli soldiers arrived at their house at 6 p.m., and have since had them corralled inside one room and prevented them from leaving.
___It is also not uncommon for Israeli forces to forcibly evict Palestinians from their homes for the use of military posts, or lock residents inside their own homes while conducting military operations.     More . . .

“. . . a widespread belief that every Palestinian child is considered a ‘potential terrorist’ . . .” (Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian)

children prison
More than 100 Palestinian children in Israeli prisons are aged between 12 and 15 (Photo: Getty Images, Apr. 24, 2016)

❶ Israel sentences 18-year-old Palestinian to 14 years in Israeli prison
. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) Sentencing 4 children…releasing 8 Jerusalemites…extensions of arrest

  • Background from “Childhood: A Universalist Perspective For How Israel Is Using Child Arrest And Detention To Further Its Colonial Settler Project.” International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies.   “Palestinian children are viewed as security threats and therefore thrust outside of acceptable and established human rights framework.”

❷ Israeli forces beat 11 Palestinian boys in Jerusalem
. . . ❷ ― (ᴀ) Israeli forces killed 11 minor students in Jerusalem
❸ ISM: IOF teargas Palestinian children on 2nd day of school

  • From: “Childhood: A Universalist Perspective . . . “

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Ma’an News Agency
Sept. 2, 2016
An Israeli military court Thursday sentenced 18-year-old Nael Tabib from the village of Azzun in the occupied West Bank district of Qalqilya to 14 years in Israeli prison, according to a statement released by the Palestinian Prisoner’s Society (PPS).
___PPS said in the statement that Tabib was detained on December 26, 2014 when he was just 16 years old. He was only officially sentenced on Thursday.
___However, it remained unclear on Friday what charges were brought against Tabib.    MORE . . .

Wadi Hilweh Information Center – Silwan
August 31, 2016
The District judge sentenced four children from the village of Esawyeh to actual imprisonment while the Magistrate judges decided to extend the arrest of several Jerusalemites for interrogation.
___Lawyer Mohammad Mahmoud explained that the District judge sentenced the children Majd Mustafa, Mohammad Obeid and Hani Naser for 3 months of actual imprisonment and a suspended probation of three months for three years while Yehya Dirbas was sentenced for 4 months of actual imprisonment; they were all accused of throwing stones.  MORE . . .

  • From: Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Nadera. “Childhood: A Universalist Perspective for How Israel Is Using Child Arrest and Detention to Further Its Colonial Settler Project.” International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies 12.3 (2015): 223-244.     SOURCE.

. . . Palestinian children are viewed as security threats and therefore thrust outside of acceptable and established human rights framework . . .  Mohammed Zine al-Majid, for example, was only four years old when an arrest warrant was issued in his name. His home was invaded by soldiers in the middle of the night, and he was subjected to immense fear, woken from his sleep to watch his parents beg the Israeli police and military personnel to leave him alone. Mohammed’s father recalled asking the armed officers who raided his home in search of his toddler son, “Are you sure you have an arrest warrant?”. . .  Mohammed’s father could not believe that such a young boy could be considered a threat. Although the authorities left once they realized they had made mistake, the damage was already done. Legally, Mohammed was not treated in accordance with the Geneva Convention or the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of the Child, and the attack on his psychic well-being and body was not defined by those coming to arrest him as abuse, but rather, as his father explained to me, a “legal act.”

Dr. Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian grew up in Haifa, Israel and now lives in Jerusalem. She received a Ph.D. in 1994 from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She has been visiting professor, Faculty of Law, at UCLA and USC, and is lecturer, Faculty of Social Work, at The Hebrew University. She is a criminologist and specialist in human rights.

Days of Palestine
Sep 1, 2016
Israeli occupation forces beat 11 Palestinian boys in Jerusalem’s Old City with their butts of their rifles and electric batons on Tuesday and Wednesday.
___Palestinian sources said that the Israeli occupation forces assaulted six Palestinians boys while they were walking through Bab Hitta of Al-Aqsa Mosque in the Old City on Tuesday evening.
___On Wednesday morning, the Israeli occupation forces also assaulted a group of five football player, who are all under the age of 15, in Wadi al-Joz, north of the Old City.  MORE . . .
. . . ❷ ― (ᴀ) ISRAELI  FORCES  KILLED  11  MINOR  STUDENTS  IN  JERUSALEM [Since October 2015]
Days of Palestine
Aug 29, 2016
Israeli occupation forces have killed 11 Palestinian minor students, arrested 124 others in Jerusalem since last October, Palestinian official statement said on Monday.
___According to the statement, students in the occupied city of Jerusalem did not meet their colleagues when they returned to school on Sunday.
___The statement noted that the 11 students were murdered either during protests or house raids across the neighbourhoods of the occupied holy city.     MORE . . .

Palestine News Network
Sep. 1, 2016
On 29 August, 2016, Israeli forces at Salaymeh checkpoint, in occupied Hebron fired rounds of tear gas as school-children attempted to make their way home through the heavily militarised checkpoint.
­­­___The Salaymeh checkpoint, for many school-children, is one of the unavoidable checkpoints on the daily way to school and back home. . .
___On Monday, the second day of school after the 3-month summer holidays, as children were starting to pour out of the schools around noon, Israeli forces threw a stun grenade towards a group of children.     MORE . . .  

  • From “Childhood: A Universalist Perspective For How Israel Is Using Child Arrest. . . “

To understand Palestinian children . . . and to be ethically attentive to their experiences . . .  it is imperative to first determine the underlying motives and capabilities of settler colonialism. Settler colonialism is an “inherently eliminatory” practice that seeks to evict the native by producing unequal relationships through a number of tactics, including “incarceration, criminalization and institutionalization” in order to remove indigenous people. . . .  Importantly, within the settler colonial context, indigenous populations are subject to the logic of elimination by which space, temporality, and the life of the native are not conceived as possessing the same sovereign rights as the colonizer. . .
___Palestinian newborns are framed as a demographic problem that constitutes an imminent security threat to the Israeli state. One Israeli military prosecutor pointed to a widespread belief that every Palestinian child is considered a “potential terrorist.” Formulating Palestinian children as biopolitical dangers and security threats situates them, always and everywhere, as unwanted. . . .  The settler colonial project is ongoing and has positioned itself to continue indefinitely . . . .  In the Palestinian context, the settler colonial logic of elimination has operated in a diversity of ways throughout history, including ethnic cleansing, forced displacement, housing demolitions, incarcerations, and mass killings.
[. . . .]
Despite these human rights abuses and international urgings to adopt policies that acknowledge Palestinian children’s basic human dignity, Israel has failed to implement human rights groups’ suggestions for reform. Of the 645 formal complaints that were filed against the Israeli Security Agency interrogators for alleged maltreatment and torture between January 2001 and late 2010, no criminal investigations were ever conducted . . .  although the Israeli Foreign Ministry publicly agreed to incorporate the UNICEF report’s (2013) recommendations. . .  Israeli soldiers interacting with and arresting children have remained largely unchanged in their policies and attitudes . . .  Data suggests that violations and rights abuses against youth are consistently ongoing. . . . A new report by Defense for Children International – Palestine even recorded a three percent increase in the police persecution of Palestinian children from March to April 2014.
___Israel justifies its legalized violence against Palestinian children by criminalizing them as inherently “terrorist” . . .  who pose “security threats” to the national polity . . .  the settler colonial project has led the Israeli state to view Palestinian children as the embodiment of ungovernable violence. . . . The Israeli state thus situates Palestinian children outside the standard framework of legitimized rights, denying them their value and morality and making them vulnerable to state sanctioned violations of their basic human rights and dignities.

tear gas
Monday morning, October 12th, 2015 Israeli forces pummeled Palestinian children going to school near Salimeh & Queitun checkpoints in Hebron (Photo: International Solidarity Movement)