“. . . You plundered the land from me . . .” (Fouzi El Azmar)

❶ EU to hold further talks on deployment of mission at Rafah crossing
. . . . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) ARIJ Daily Report

  • Background: “Review Power of Israel’s High Court of Justice with Regard to the Settlement Legalization Law.” Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture.

❷ Israel demolishes Palestinian Bedouin village for 121st time
❸ IOF moves checkpoint to expropriate Palestinian lands
❹ POETRY by Fouzi El Azmar
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ EU  TO  HOLD  FURTHER  TALKS  ON  DEPLOYMENT  OF  MISSION  AT  RAFAH  CROSSING  
Palestine News and Information Agency – WAFA
BRUSSELS, Nov. 16, 2017 ― The European Union (EU) said on Wednesday that it will be holding further talks with the various parties on the deployment of its mission at Rafah crossing with Egypt.
___An EU spokesperson said that in continuing its support for Palestinian reconciliation, the EU is deploying a high level mission this week “to discuss with key interlocutors on the ground the political and security conditions and the expectations of the relevant parties in view of a possible redeployment of the EU Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM) at Rafah, including possible EU financial assistance.”
___Following the agreement signed by Fatah and Hamas in Cairo on 12 October and in the run-up to a meeting of all Palestinian factions in Cairo on 21 November, “the European Union is continuing its support to current efforts to reunite Gaza and the West Bank under one single and legitimate Palestinian Authority,” said the spokesperson. MORE . . .   ..
. . . . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) ARIJ  DAILY  REPORT
Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem 
Nov. 13, 2017 ― Throughout the years of occupation of the Palestinian territory, Israel has engaged in excessive and disproportionate violations of every existing humanitarian code and routinely employed its efforts to undermine any real action towards a comprehensive peace with the Palestinians. These violations are considered unlawful and breach of human rights and civilized laws including the right to Self-Determination, the right to freedom of movement, the right to work, the right to medical treatment, the right to education, the right to an adequate standard of living and access to holy places.
___(THIS WEBSITE HAS BEEN PRODUCED WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of ARIJ & LRC and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.)    MORE . . .

Raday, Frances. “REVIEW  POWER  OF  ISRAEL’S  HIGH  COURT  OF  JUSTICE  WITH  REGARD  TO  THE  SETTLEMENT  LEGALIZATION  LAW.”
Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics & Culture, vol. 22, no. 2/3, July 2017, pp. 64-69.  (Frances Raday is a professor emerita in Labor Law at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.)
The Settlement Legalization Law, passed by the Knesset on Feb. 6, 2017 by a vote of 60 to 52, constitutes an ominous moment in our history. Although in the context of international humanitarian law, it may be merely another step in a continuum of Israel’s illegal settlement policy, it is nevertheless a highly significant step. It shifts the nature of the violation . . .   to the confiscation of property of protected persons, which cannot be justified under military necessity. It indicates that the Jewish population’s long-term claims to the territory are to be preferred to those of the Palestinians, solely on grounds of nationality . . .
___This goes a considerable way towards undermining the claim that the Israeli occupation does not constitute apartheid under the 2002 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, which defines apartheid as “inhumane acts of a character similar to other crimes against humanity … committed in the context of an institutionalized regime of systematic oppression and domination by one racial group over any other racial group or groups and committed with the intention of maintaining that regime.”
___In the context of Israeli constitutional law, the Settlement Legalization Law is a move to de jure dispossession of individual Palestinian property in violation of the Israeli High Court’s injunctions. Since its decisions in 1978 and 1979 . . .   the Court has held that settlements, whether on private or public land, cannot be considered permanent, nor can the land be permanently confiscated, only temporarily requisitioned. Settlements on private land are illegal. . . .     SOURCE . . .   …

❷ ISRAEL  DEMOLISHES  PALESTINIAN  BEDOUIN  VILLAGE  FOR  121ST  TIME   Ma’an News Agency
Nov. 16, 2017 ― Israeli  authorities on Thursday morning demolished the Bedouin village of al-Araqib in the Negev desert in southern Israel for the 121st time, leaving all the families in the village homeless, according to locals.
___Residents of the al-Araqib have rebuilt the village 120 times after each demolition, the latest of which was October 25th.
___An Israeli court ruled in August that six residents of al-Araqib must pay 262,000 shekels (more than $72,000) for previous demolition costs, in addition to 100,000 shekels ($27,693) to cover the costs of the state’s lawyer. It was only the latest payment in which the village has had to compensate Israel for its routine demolitions in the village.  [. . . .] Right groups say that the demolition of unrecognized Bedouin villages is a central Israeli policy aimed at removing the indigenous Palestinian population from the Negev and transferring them to government-zoned townships to make room for the expansion of Jewish Israeli communities.   MORE . . .
❸ IOF  MOVES  CHECKPOINT  TO  EXPROPRIATE  PALESTINIAN  LANDS   
Alray-Palestinian MediaAgency
Nov. 16, 2017 ― Israeli occupation authorities announced Wednesday moving the military checkpoint of Ain Ya’al that located on the road that connected the occupied Jerusalem and Jelo settlement, enabling Israeli authorities to expropriate Palestinian lands.  According to Haaretz paper, the Israeli District Planning and Building Committee informed the Palestinian residence of Wallageh village that they will move the checkpoint, noting that the area of Ain al-Hennyah will move to Israeli administration.
__Wallageh village is located under the Israeli administration but it is totally isolated by the Israeli separation wall, which also separate the village from its farms.     [. . . .] Israeli occupation authorities announced the residence of Wallageh village that the checkpoint will be moved 2.5 kilometers into the Palestinian lands, which means that Palestinian who do not hold the blue ID will not be able to reach their farms in Ain al-Hennyah.   MORE . . .    ..

“I  AM  THE  SON  OF  THE  LAND,”  BY  FOUZI  EL  ASMAR
You may take my hands
and lock them in your chains
You may also blindfold me.

You bereaved me
from the light
and I marched
You robbed me
of the bread
and I ate.
You plundered the land
from me
and I ploughed.

I am the son of the land
and for that
I find goodness in this earth
anywhere I happen to be:
The ants of this land
feed me
The branches of this land
foster me
The eagles of this land
will shield my open revolt

Yes
You may take my hands
And lock them in your chains
You may also blindfold me
But here I will stand tall
And here I shall remain
until the very end. (April, 1970) 

From: El Azmar, Fouzi. POEMS  FROM  AN  ISRAELI  PRISON. Intro. By Israel Shahak. New York: KNOW Books, 1973.
Available from Amazon
About Fouzi El Asmar 

“. . . We have, friends, the right to die as we desire . . .” (Samih Al-Qasim)

bedouin
Israeli policemen stand guard as bulldozers demolish homes in the unrecognized Bedouin village of Umm al-Hiran in the Negev desert, on January 18, 2017. (AFP Photo/Menahem Kahana)

“We should transform the Bedouins into an urban proletariat – in industry, services, construction, and agriculture. 88% of the Israeli population are not farmers, let the Bedouin be like them. Indeed, this will be a radical move which means that the Bedouin would not live on his land with his herds, but would become an urban person who comes home in the afternoon and puts his slippers on. His children will get used to a father who wears pants, without a dagger, and who does not pick out their nits in public. They will go to school, their hair combed and parted. This will be a revolution, but it can be achieved in two generations.”  — Israeli General Moshe Dayan to Haaretz, 1963

❶ Israel demolishes Palestinian Bedouin village for 114th time

  • “Contested Indigeneity: The Development of an Indigenous Discourse on the Bedouin of the Negev, Israel.” Israel Studies.

❷ Israel blocks Bedouin road, prevents 100 kids from school

  • “Bedouins’ Politics of Place and Memory: A Case of Unrecognised Villages in the Negev.” Nomadic Peoples.

❸ The Palestinian Bedouins
❹ POETRY by Samih Al-Qasim
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❶ ISRAEL  DEMOLISHES  PALESTINIAN  BEDOUIN  VILLAGE  FOR  114TH  TIME    
Ma’an News Agency    
June 14, 2017      Israeli forces demolished the Bedouin village of al-Araqib in the Negev region of southern Israel for the 114th time since 2010 on Wednesday morning, and for the sixth time this year, according to Palestinian Authority (PA)-owned WAFA news agency.
___WAFA quoted witnesses as saying that officials from the Israel Land Authority (ILA), accompanied by Israeli police and bulldozers, raided the village and demolished all the tin homes in the area, which were built by the village’s residents following the most recent demolition of raid last month.
[. . . .] Al-Araqib is one of 35 Bedouin villages considered “unrecognized” by the Israeli state. According to the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), more than half of the approximately 160,000 Bedouins in the Negev reside in unrecognized villages.  MORE . . .

Frantzman, Seth J., et al. “Contested Indigeneity: The Development of an Indigenous Discourse on the Bedouin of the Negev, Israel.” Israel Studies, vol. 17, no. 1, Spring2012, pp. 78-104.
From “Conclusion”:  The development of an indigenous Bedouin identity has taken place in three key phases. It began with the initial decision by Abu-Saad, apparently influenced by his comparative work on the United States, to describe the Bedouin as an indigenous community with all the political ramification that this word contained in the 1990s. It was developed by Israeli Jewish academics and then elite Israeli Bedouin academics in the context of the international discussion regarding indigenous peoples, land rights, and ethnocracy. The last phase has seen the campaign by NGOs, academics, activists, and the Bedouin community for international recognition.
___As for the Bedouin themselves—in practice—the elite members of the community were an important instrument in re-designing and re-modeling the public debate and, perhaps also, the community’s self-identification.  The shift from being defined as Bedouin or former nomads living in the Negev, to being recognized as an “Indigenous Palestinian Bedouin” group in the “Naqab”, took place very quickly, over a period of only ten years. For the Bedouin the recognition in theory can help put local and even more important international pressure on Israeli authorities, mainly to accept their demands for land rights. . .    SOURCE . . .

❷ ISRAEL  BLOCKS  BEDOUIN  ROAD,  PREVENTS  100  KIDS  FROM  SCHOOL
Days of Palestine  
Jun 13, 2017       Israeli occupation has installed guardrail on Israeli highway, isolating Palestinian Bedouin community, preventing around 100 children from schools.
___A report issued by the Legal Centre for Arab Minority Rights in Israel (Adalah) said that the Israeli occupation effectively sealed off Umm Bidoun, a Palestinian Bedouin community in Al-Naqab, by blocking off the only dirt road connecting the village to Highway 31 with a guardrail.
___The road surface markings on the highway near other passage out of Umm Bidoun have also recently been changed, making it illegal for vehicles to cross the road, Adalah added.
___Recent changes have effectively prevented any vehicles, including school buses, from accessing the village, Adalah said.   MORE . . .

Hall, Bogumila. “Bedouins’ Politics of Place and Memory: A Case of Unrecognised Villages in the Negev.” Nomadic Peoples, vol. 18, no. 2, July 2014, pp. 147-164.
[. . . .]  . . . the community’s continuous presence in the Negev, the changing character of its lifestyle and the sense of attachment to the land seem to be ignored both in the Israeli legal framework and the dominant representations of the Bedouins and the region. Since the establishment of the state, Israel has denied the Arab Bedouins their indigenous land rights, depicted them as rootless nomads and characterised the Negev as historically uncultivated and uninhabited land. Today, there are approximately 200,000 Bedouins in the Negev. While half of them live in seven government-planned towns, and eleven villages recognised by Israel, the other half reside in villages not recognized by the state. This means that the Bedouin villages have the status of illegal settlements and thus are not marked on Israeli maps and are denied basic services, such as electricity, running water, public transportation and basic sanitation. . .  The Israeli authorities’ attitude towards the Bedouins was best reflected in the Prawer-Begin Bill . . .  halted in December 2013 after the successful ‘Stop Prawer Plan’ campaign. The law, if fully implemented, was going to displace up to 70,000 Bedouins and destroy all the ‘illegal’ villages. The resettlement scheme was couched in the colonial language of “. . . grant them, and particularly the younger generation the tools necessary to successfully cope with the challenges of the future and help Bedouin children to ‘exploit their talents and realise their natural right to happiness . . .”  However, the Bedouins were under no illusions. As Nasser, a resident of an unrecognised village of al-Sirra put it:
It may be a new law, but not a new policy, we know very well what the
state plans for us. It’s been now fifty years of efforts to give an end to the
Bedouin identity and lifestyle. We are not just going to obey.  [. . . . ]    SOURCE . . .

❸ THE  PALESTINIAN  BEDOUINS     
This Week in Palestine, Issue 112      
Arturo Avendaño
August, 2014        [. . . .]  The Bedouins, with their specific values, codes of behaviour, and livelihood, are a Palestinian community of tribes that have a common history, culture, ancestral bloodline, and lifestyle that link the various tribes together. The tribes, which include the Jahaleen, Ka’abneh, Rashaydeh, Ramadeen, ‘Azazme, Sawarka, Arenat, Ejbarat, Hanajra, and Amareen, share a nomadic past that has been highlighted by Western travellers’ tales of camel breeding and romantic desert images. Bedouins have become famous for their extraordinary survival skills in an extremely hostile environment. . . .       MORE . .    

“OASIS,”  BY  SAMIH  AL-QASIM
Behind this dune we have an oasis. Leave me alone.
Leave me to rinse myself off in a bit
of its mirage. I’m tired of running after myself
to catch myself before I die.
Take―old friends and my companions―my body,
the shadow of its body’s shadow,
and hold it for a while,
so I can reach my time in time.
Behind this dune we have an oasis.
Sustain your longing with dates and water,
without despair.
Listen with me to the songs of the girls
beneath the palms, but do not follow
the voice of my silence.
We have, friends, the right to die as we desire.
But there’s still some hope, behind that nearby dune.
And we have the right to make the stranger
a stranger’s friend,
and we have an oasis―
and a bit of rest in the house
of the loved one who left us.
He will come from behind this dune.

  • (Blogger’s personal note: Al-Qasim was not, himself, a Bedouin. I have been unable to find poetry by Bedouins, but this poem seems possibly to treat of the Bedouin experience. If any readers know of Bedouin poetry, I welcome comments identifying it.)

From: Al-Qasim, Samih. SADDER THAN WATER. NEW AND SELECTED POEMS.  Trans. Nazih Kasis and Adina Hoffman. Jerusalem: Ibis Editions, 2008.  Available from Amazon.
About Samih Al-Qasim.

bedouin camel
Palestinian Bedouins are protesting against discrimination by the Israeli government [GETTY image, from Al Jazeera, April 7, 2010)

“. . . with the end goal of preventing the emergence of a contiguous Palestinian state. . .” (Hatem Bazian)

feinstein
Did she mean to be so welcoming? US Senator Diane Feinstein (Democrat of California) welcomes citizens of Susiya Village (Photo: Sen. Feinstein webpage)

❶ Fate of Hebron Hills village [Susiya] likely to be decided by Israeli defense minister
. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) American Senator Dianne Feinstein graciously receives Susiya & Um Al Kheir families  (September 29, 2015)
. . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) Reckless politicking: Lieberman to be named Israel’s defense minister
(May 20, 2016)

  • Background from Harvard International Review

❷ Opinion/Analysis:  HOME  DEMOLITIONS  ARE  ORGANIZED  STATE  VIOLENCE
` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` `
❶ FATE  OF  HEBRON  HILLS  VILLAGE  LIKELY  TO  BE  DECIDED  BY  ISRAELI  DEFENSE  MINISTER
Ma’an News Agency
August 1, 2016
In the latest development in a decades-long legal battle by Palestinian residents of the village of Susiya in the southern Hebron Hills to remain in their ancestral lands, an Israeli supreme court hearing confirmed on Monday that a decision regarding the fate of the threatened village could likely be decided by ultra-right Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman.
___The hearing was set to decide whether to accept the state of Israel’s request to immediately and without prior notice demolish 40 percent of the occupied West Bank village where some 100 people live, according to Israeli NGO Rabbis for Human Rights (RHR).     MORE . . .
. . . ❶ ― (ᴀ) AMERICAN  SENATOR  DIANNE  FEINSTEIN  GRACIOUSLY  RECEIVES  SUSYA  &  UM AL KHEIR  FAMILIES
Rabbis for Human Rights
September 29, 2015
California Senator Dianne Feinstein graciously received representatives from the villages of Susiya and Um Al Kheir – two villages under the threat of demolition by the state of Israel. In July of this year, Senator Feinstein sent a letter to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu asking him to halt any demolition orders for the village of Susiya.    MORE . . .
. . . ❶ ― (ᴃ) RECKLESS  POLITICKING:  LIEBERMAN  TO  BE  NAMED  ISRAEL’S  DEFENSE  MINISTER
Brookings Institution
Natan Sachs
May 20, 2016
[. . . .]
Netanyahu is now poised to bring back Avigdor Lieberman, a former foreign minister and Israel’s least diplomatic politician. Lieberman won’t be returning to diplomacy, however. Instead, he will get a significantly more powerful position, second only to the prime minister: minister of defense.
[. . . .]
Lieberman’s pending appointment has been met with astonishment by the opposition in Israel, by many in the military which he will oversee, and indeed here in Washington—and with good reason.
___Just these past few months, Lieberman has viciously attacked both Netanyahu and the military brass for what he claimed was a weak response to terrorist attacks.
[. . . .]
Most importantly, Israel’s actual policy may be affected significantly by this move. Of all the governmental posts, defense is the one that has the most effect on the crucial questions of security for Israelis (and on the daily lives of Palestinians). . . . Netanyahu’s political brilliance has wrought one of the most hardline governments Israel has ever had.      MORE . . .

From Harvard International Review
On November 10th, 2013, the Israeli cabinet voted in a special session to authorize the demolition and removal of Umm al-Hiran, an “unauthorized” Palestinian Bedouin village in the Negev Desert. In its place was to be built a new community for national Jews to be named Hiran, which had been planned and approved in early 2002. The stated reason for this demolition and forceful eviction is the existing settlement’s lack of permits. . .  Umm al-Hiran itself was set-up in early 1956 by the Palestinian Abu-Alkian tribe after they had been forced to move from their ancestral tribal lands near Kibbutz Shoval in the Northern Negev.
___A more critical development related to this event is the Israeli Parliament’s passing of the first reading of the Prawer law [2011]. . .  [which] would cause the forceful displacement of 40,000-70,000 Arab Bedouins from the Negev, the confiscation of 800,000 dunams of Arab land, the razing to the ground of 36 or more Arab villages. . . According to Adallah, the Legal Center for Arab Minority Rights in Israel, the “underlying premise of the draft bill is that there is no Bedouin land ownership,” effectively negating the “population’s right to property and historic affinity to the land.”
[. . . .]
The debates within Israel proper surrounding the eviction of the Arab Bedouin communities focus on the same themes that propel the building and expansion of settlements in the Occupied West Bank and the Golan Heights. Since Israel’s occupation of both areas in 1967, policy has been to effectively alter the areas’ demographic landscape by transferring and settling Jewish civilian populations onto confiscated lands, with the end goal of preventing the emergence of a contiguous Palestinian state. Indeed, settler movement into the West Bank has swelled in the past 20 years, and at present some 344,779 settlers reside in approximately 130 settlements authorized and protected by the Israeli government. In addition, another 200,000 settlers have moved into East Jerusalem in hopes of altering the Palestinian demography in the city and preventing a possible Palestinian capital from emerging if a “peace” agreement is reached.

  • Bazian, Hatem. “The Indigenous Palestinians.” Harvard International Review 35.3 (2014): 40-43.   FULL ARTICLE.

❷ Opinion/Analysis: HOME  DEMOLITIONS  ARE  ORGANIZED  STATE  VIOLENCE
+972 Blog
Hagai El-Ad
July 28, 2016
Over the last decade, Israel has demolished over 1,100 Palestinian homes in the West Bank, leaving homeless more than 5,199 people, including at least 2,602 minors. The extensive demolitions are part of a broader Israeli policy of forced transfer. The following speech was delivered at a conference on home demolitions held at the Knesset on July 27, 2016.
[. . . .]
First and foremost, these figures deal with human lives. Lives that Israel ruins, deliberately, as part of a broader strategy designed to dispossess Palestinians from vast areas of the West Bank, to make their lives unbearable until they finally take the hint and move, to move them into smaller concentrated areas, to push them out.
[. . . .]
We at B’Tselem present these figures and explain their import to the Israeli public, to you – members of Knesset, and to the world. We show how Israel managed to [employ] bureaucratic mechanisms to promote the big move of dispossessing Palestinians in the West Bank, and to justify it all on administrative and legal grounds. This is organized state violence, and all the Israeli branches of government are party to it, each playing its own role: the planning mechanisms, the military, the Civil Administration, and also the settlers, and last but not least, the courts that serve as the crowning jewel in whitewashing the injustice.     MORE . . . demolition

Israeli forces demolish Bedouin houses in the village of al-Arakib in the Negev desert, March 1, 2015 (File photo: PressTV)

“. . . Will you become . . . an ordinary country? . . .” (Samih Al-Qasim)

bedouin
A demolished house in an unrecognized Bedouin village in the Negev, December 2010 (photo: Times of Israel)

❶ Bethlehem: Settlers Raze Lands in Al-Khader
❷ 1,000 civilian structures demolished by Israeli authorities in Negev
❸ Israeli police to ban burial of Jerusalemite martyrs in their areas
❹ Opinion/Analysis: AFTER  TEL AVIV  ATTACK,  WHAT  IS  GOING  BACK  TO  BUSINESS  AS  USUAL?
❺ POETRY by Samih Al-Qasim
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❶ BETHLEHEM:  SETTLERS  RAZE  LANDS  IN  AL-KHADER
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
June 8, 2016
Israeli settlers, Wednesday, razed Palestinian-owned lands in the village of al-Khader, to the south of occupied Bethlehem, according to local sources.
___Hasan Burajeya, of the Anti-Settlement Committee in Bethlehem, told WAFA that a group of illegal Israeli settlers, accompanied by a military escort, proceeded to raze about 15 dunams of land near al-Khader. The razed land belongs to local Palestinians from the village.
___Burajeya asserted that the razing of said lands comes as part of Israeli plan to construct a yeshiva (Jewish school) at the site.      MORE . . .  

LATE THIS past June [2012], a group of Israeli settlers in the West Bank defaced and burned a mosque in the small West Bank village of Jabaa. Graffiti sprayed by the vandals warned of a “war” over the planned evacuation, ordered by the Israeli Supreme Court, of a handful of houses illegally built on private Palestinian land near the Israeli settlement of Beit El. The torching of the mosque was the fourth such attack in 18 months and part of a wider trend of routine violence committed by radical settlers against innocent Palestinians, Israeli security personnel, and mainstream settler leaders — all aimed at intimidating perceived enemies of the settlement project.
___This violence has not always plagued the settler community. Although many paint all Israeli settlers as extremists, conflating them with the often-justified criticism of Israeli government policy in the West Bank, the vast majority of them oppose attacks against Palestinian civilians or the Israeli state. In the past, Israeli authorities and the settler leadership often worked together to prevent such assaults and keep radicalism at bay. Yet in recent years, the settler movement has experienced a profound breakdown in discipline, with extremists now beyond the reach of either Israeli law enforcement or the discipline of settler leaders.

  • Byman, Daniel, and Natan Sachs. “The Rise Of Settler Terrorism.” Foreign Affairs 91.5 (2012): 73-86.      Complete Article.     

❷ 1,000  CIVILIAN  STRUCTURES  DEMOLISHED  BY  ISRAELI  AUTHORITIES  IN  NEGEV
The Palestinian Information Center
June 9, 2016
The Israeli authorities demolished 1,041 Bedouin structures in Negev between 2013 and 2015, with a further 1,711 structures being destroyed by their owners after receiving demolition orders. According to a new report by the Negev Coexistence Forum for Civil Equality (NCF), in 2015 alone, nearly 1,000 structures were demolished in Negev — 365 by the Israeli authorities, and 617 by the homeowners themselves.
___The waves of demolitions have displaced thousands of Bedouins over the past three years, according to Michal Rotem, the author of the report.      MORE . . . 

The Negev/Naqab region in southern Israel is a socially segregated landscape rent by clashes between Bedouin and Jewish residents and government bodies over access to land for farming and homes and over the status of Bedouin villages. Though Bedouin residents once migrated within the region and bordering grazing areas, they have been struggling for the past half-century to gain a firm and recognised place within the Israeli state. Approximately half of the Negev’s 180,000 Bedouin Arab residents live in villages and family clusters that the government deems illegal. The other half live in government-planned townships, which hold legal legitimacy as residences.
[. . . .]
However . . . formal citizenship does not guarantee the equal distribution of political rights and economic resources. Rather, ‘differentiated citizenship’ means that social goods are distributed unequally along racial or class-based social divisions. Such is the case for a Jewish–Arab differentiation in Israel. Whereas Israel’s Basic Laws promise equal rights to all citizens . . .  rights are systematically denied to non-Jews (e.g., land purchases and the benefits accruing to military service).
___How does this differentiation happen? Of critical importance for the case of land rights, socially privileged citizens have more influence in defining legitimate and illegitimate land uses. An examination of the media campaigns, protests, court cases and Knesset debates involved in Negev struggles against eviction reveals  the  importance  of  leveraging  cultural  recognition.  Residents in both these cases lived dispersed, agro-pastoral lifestyles that were initially prohibited by the Israeli government. Jewish residents were able to gain legal recognition for their land-use practices, while Bedouin residents were not.

  • McKee, Emily. “Demolitions And Amendments: Coping With Cultural Recognition And Its Denial In Southern Israel.” Nomadic Peoples 19.1 (2015): 95-119.  Available.

❸ ISRAELI  POLICE  TO  BAN  BURIAL  OF  JERUSALEMITE  MARTYRS  IN  THEIR  AREAS
The Palestinian Information Center
June 9, 2016
The Israeli occupation police on Wednesday decided not to allow funerals and burials for Palestinian martyrs from east Jerusalem in their neighborhoods or town and to choose the Muslim cemeteries they would be buried in.
___Yedioth Ahronoth website said this decision was taken following the funeral of martyr Alaa Abu Jamal several weeks when about 200 persons gathered at the Jabel Mukaber cemetery and chanted incitement slogans against Israel and support for the deceased, whom it described as a “terrorist”.
___After reporting what happened at that funeral, minister of public security Gilad Erdan ordered a freeze on returning the bodies of “terrorists” to their families until the incident could be investigated and new conditions could be imposed to ensure funerals would not contain incitement.       MORE . . .

1-tel aviv
Reporter’s notebook: Scenes from the Tel Aviv terror attack – Arab-Israeli Conflict – (Photo: Jerusalem Post)

❹ Opinion/Analysis:  AFTER  TEL AVIV  ATTACK,  WHAT  IS  GOING  BACK  TO  BUSINESS  AS  USUAL?
972 Magazine
Mairav Zonszein
June 9, 2016
I was out last night in Tel Aviv at a poetry book launch for a good friend when the news flashed on my phone that there was a shooting in the Sarona Market . . . .
___Life does go on here despite the violence. That’s just the reality. But when I read the statement by Tel Aviv Mayor Ron Huldai that Israelis cannot let such terror “disrupt our lives” and that we should “return to business as usual” tomorrow, I become enraged. Why shouldn’t this disrupt our lives? [. . . .]
___The word “disruption” here also dismisses the fact that the lives of so many Palestinians are “disrupted” all the time. The entire city of Yatta, where the two murderers are from — a population of about 65,000 people in the occupied West Bank — is now under military lockdown. This is collective punishment, a mass “disruption.”
MORE . . .  

“IF ONLY,” BY SAMIH AL-QASIM

My homeland, an earring dangling

from the ear of the earth;

my homeland . . . a woman

whose thighs are opened by the western wind;

my homeland, the oars of the boat;

my homeland, the absent son:

Will you one day rouse what is in me?

Will you become . . . an ordinary country?

From Al-Qasim, Samih. SADDER THAN WATER. New and Selected Poems. Trans. Nazih Kasis and Adina Hoffman. Jerusalem: Ibis Editions, 2008.
Samih Al-Qasim  Obituary, August 20, 2014   
About Ibis Editions.  Available from Amazon.  

 

“. . . When the tree rises up, the branches shall flourish . . .” (Fadwa Tuqan)

Israel's Dimona nuclear facility: not monitored by the IAEA.
Israel’s Dimona nuclear facility: not monitored by the IAEA.

❶ Israel’s Nuclear Weapons Program and the Displacement of Palestinian Bedouins
❷ US State Department Human Rights Report (2015)
❸ Army Kidnaps A Palestinian Teen, Attacks A Man, North Of Hebron
❹ Al-Maliki: “We Are Ongoing With Preparations to Head to Security Council”
❺ Opinion/Analysis: DOES ISRAEL HAVE JUSTIFICATION TO ENTER WEST BANK’S AREA A?
❻ POETRY by Fadwa Tuqan
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❶ ISRAEL’S NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROGRAM AND THE DISPLACEMENT OF PALESTINIAN BEDOUINS
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
Fahwad Al-Khadoumi
April 7, 2016
Lance Bartholomeusz, Director of UNRWA Operations in the West Bank condemned Israel’s latest round of large scale demolitions of homes in the Palestinian Bedouin refugee community Um al-Khair . . .  Israel uses parts of the Negev desert for testing weapons with nuclear material . . . from its not-IAEA monitored Dimona nuclear facility.
___The director of the United Nations Relief and Work Agency (UNRWA) for Palestine’s Israeli-occupied West Bank issued a press release, stressing that the UNRWA condemns the latest round of demolitions of Bedouin’s homes in Um al-Khair, in the South Hebron Hills.  MORE . . . 

❷ US STATE DEPARTMENT HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT (2015)
Military Court Watch
April 15, 2016
On 14 April the US State Department released its annual global report on human rights for 2015. The report includes sections on Israel/Palestine and as in previous years, the State Department has considered the treatment of minors detained by the Israeli military and prosecuted in military courts.
___After referring to UNICEF’s 2013 report – Children in Israeli Military Detention . . .  the State Department noted that reports of mistreatment continued in 2015.      MORE . . .

Photo: World Bulletin, August 15, 2015
Photo: World Bulletin, August 15, 2015

❸ ARMY KIDNAPS A PALESTINIAN TEEN, ATTACKS A MAN, NORTH OF HEBRON
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
April 14, 2016
Israeli soldiers invaded, on Thursday evening, Beit Ummar town . . .  kidnapped one Palestinian and assaulted another, causing various cuts and bruises.
___Coordinator of the Popular Committee against the Wall and Settlements in Hebron, Mohammad Awad, said the soldiers stopped Khalil Odah al-‘Allami, 16, at a military roadblock near the main entrance of the town, before kidnapping him.       MORE . . .
RELATED . . . Israeli Police Detain 2 Palestinian Boys in Jerusalem  
RELATED . . . UPDATE: Israeli Forces Shoot, Kill Palestinian after Alleged Attack Attempt

❹ AL-MALIKI: “WE ARE ONGOING WITH PREPARATIONS TO HEAD TO SECURITY COUNCIL”
International Middle East Media Center – IMEMC
April 15, 2016
Palestinian Foreign Minister Riyad al-Maliki, stated Thursday that the Palestinian leadership is conducting all needed preparations to send Israel’s settlements file to the United Nations Security Council.
___His statements came after Israeli media agencies claimed that the Palestinian leadership intends to retract it decision to submit a proposal to the Security Council in response to Israel’s ongoing and escalating colonialist activities in the occupied West Bank, including Jerusalem.      MORE . . . 

Opinion/Analysis:  DOES  ISRAEL  HAVE  JUSTIFICATION  TO  ENTER  WEST  BANK’S  AREA  A?
Al-Monitor (Palestine Pulse)
Adnan Abu Amer
April 14, 2016
The outbreak of the latest intifada in October, accompanied by the intensification of Palestinian attacks against Israeli targets, which resulted in the death of 33 Israelis and the injury of over 250 others, provided the Israeli army with an excuse to further encroach on the West Bank under the pretext of a hot pursuit of Palestinian fugitives. . . .
___The Oslo II Accord of 1995 divided the West Bank (5,844 square kilometers, or 2,256 square miles) between Palestinians and Israelis into three areas. Area A, where the majority of the Palestinian population is concentrated, is under the Palestinian Authority (PA) full civil and security control and its surface area represents 18% of the total land area of the West Bank.      MORE . . .  

During the first weeks after the June 1967 war, foreign papers and radio stations slanted news in a way that gloated over the misfortune, as if the end of the Arab people had been decided by this relapse. From this situation the following poem was born.

“THE  DELUGE  AND  THE  TREE,”  BY  FADWA  TUQAN

When the hurricane swirled and spread its deluge
of dark evil
onto the good green land
‘They’ gloated. The western skies
reverberated with joyous accounts:
“The tree has fallen!
The great trunk is smashed! The hurricane
leaves no life in the Tree!”

Had the Tree really fallen?
Never! Not with our red streams flowing forever,
not while the wine of our torn limbs
feeds the thirst roots,
Arab roots alive
tunneling deep, deep, into the land!

When the Tree rises up, the branches
shall flourish green and fresh in the sun
the laughter of the Tree shall leaf
beneath the sun and birds shall return
Undoubtedly, the birds shall return.
The birds shall return.
―Translated by Naomi Shihab Nye

ANTHOLOGY  OF  MODERN  PALESTINIAN  LITERATURE.  Ed. Salma Khadra Jayyusi. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. Available from Columbia University Press.
About Fadwa Tuqan 
More . . .

“. . . whose dreams are hindered by the little dreams of flowers . . .” (Sami Muhanna)

1-iraq burin
IOF carries out repeated incursions into Iraq Burin village. (Photo: The Palestinian Information Center)

❶ PCHR Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the oPt (25 February – 02 March 2016)
. . . . . ❶―(ᴀ) February 2016: 97 Palestinian Homes Demolished by Israel Forces
❷ Bedouin town slated for destruction is true test for Israelis
. . . . . ❷―(ᴀ) IOF carries out repeated incursions into Iraq Burin village
❸ Abbas Arrives in Jakarta to Attend Islamic Summit on Jerusalem
❹ Lawmaker continues sit-in, says rights are ‘restricted’ by PA
❺ Opinion/Analysis/History: THE  TANTURA  MASSACRE  OF  1948  AND  THE  ACADEMIC  CHARACTER  ASSASSINATION  OF  TEDDY  KATZ
❻ Poetry by Sami Muhanna
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PCHR  REPORT  ON  ISRAELI  HUMAN  RIGHTS  VIOLATIONS  IN  THE  OPT  (25  FEBRUARY – 02  MARCH  2016)
IMEMC NEWS
5 Mar. 2016
Israeli violations of international law and international humanitarian law in the occupied Palestinian territories continued during the reporting period (25 February – 02 March 2016).
___Israeli forces have continued to commit crimes, inflicting civilian casualties. They have also continued to use excessive force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful protests in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the majority of whom were youngsters.      MORE . . .
. . . . . ❶―(ᴀ) FEBRUARY  2016:  97  PALESTINIAN  HOMES  DEMOLISHED  BY  ISRAEL  FORCES
IMEMC NEWS
5 Mar. 2016
Israeli occupation authorities have demolished around 97 homes and 86 facilities in the occupied West Bank, over the month of February 2016 alone.      MORE . . .
BEDOUIN  TOWN  SLATED  FOR  DESTRUCTION  IS  TRUE  TEST  FOR  ISRAELIS
+972 BLOG
Michal Rotem
2 Mar. 2016
The Negev comprises two thirds of Israel’s territory, but only 10 percent of citizens live there. It is thus no coincidence that the Jewish settlement of Hiran is being planned directly atop the ruins of the Bedouin village Umm al-Hiran. This is a test for all Israelis, and I really hope we do not fail.      MORE . . .
. . . . . ❷―(ᴀ) IOF  CARRIES  OUT  REPEATED  INCURSIONS  INTO  IRAQ  BURIN  VILLAGE
THE PALESTINIAN INFORMATION CENTER
6 Mar. 2016
Israeli occupation forces (IOF) have been storming Iraq Burin village every night over the past few days under the pretext of searching for the perpetrators of the stabbing attack carried out in Har Brakha nearby settlement, which resulted in the death of two soldiers. Iraq Burin is a small quiet village located on a towering rocky hill southwest of Nablus.     MORE . . .

tatura mosque
Remains of mosque in Tantura ruins. (Photo: Zalameh Zalameh at Zochrot)

ABBAS  ARRIVES  IN  JAKARTA  TO  ATTEND  ISLAMIC  SUMMIT  ON  JERUSALEM
PALESTINE NEWS & INFORMATION AGENCY
6 Mar. 2016
President Mahmoud Abbas arrived in the Indonesian capital, Jakarta, on Sunday ahead of his expected participation in the fifth extraordinary summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) on Palestine and Jerusalem.     MORE . . .
LAWMAKER  CONTINUES  SIT-IN,  SAYS  RIGHTS  ARE  ‘RESTRICTED’  BY  PA
MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
March 5, 2016
Palestinian lawmaker Najat Abu Bakir on Saturday continued a sit-in strike at the headquarters of the Palestinian Legislative Council for the tenth day in a row, saying that human rights in Palestine were “severely bleeding due to restrictions on freedoms” [. . . . ]
___Political controversy initially erupted last week when Palestinian Authority security forces reportedly attempted to detain Abu Bakir for casting corruption charges against a Palestinian minister.      MORE . . .
❺ Opinion/Analysis/History: THE  TANTURA  MASSACRE  OF  1948  AND  THE  ACADEMIC  CHARACTER  ASSASSINATION  OF  TEDDY  KATZ
MONDOWEISS
Jonathan Ofir
3 Mar. 2016
The Tantura massacre in May 1948, committed by Haganah forces just days after the declaration of the State of Israel, is not only one of the worst massacres of 1948, but its cover-up is also, in itself, a story, showing us just how effective silence can be in obscuring crimes against humanity.
___My article is based on several hours of interview with Teddy Katz, the man whose Masters thesis on the Tantura Massacre (submitted 1998, Haifa University) caused a major furore in Israel following its wide exposure to the Israeli public in a Maariv article in early 2000.      MORE . . .

“A  WINDOW,”  BY  SAMI  MUHANNA
Between the sunrise and me there’s a window.
So I greet my old friends the morning air
and the horizon’s penciled line. Those clouds
are gossiping about a secret rendezvous.
I say hello to that dear memory.

Between my love and me there’s a window.
I gaze out into Spring through the eyes of
someone who loves flowers, whose dreams
are hindered by the little dreams of flowers―
dreams of loss, dreams of goodbye.

Between God and me there’s a window
and I have named it Galilee.
―Translated by John Glenday

From  A  BIRD  IS  NOT  A  STONE:  AN  ANTHOLOGY  OF  CONTEMPORARY  PALESTINIAN  POETRY. Ed. by Henry Bell and Sarah Irving. (Glasgow: Freight Books, 2014) –available From Amazon.com.
Sami Muhanna; Arab Writers’ Union
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“. . . being caught―between the ugliest and the finest. . .” (Samih Al-Qasim)

A Palestinian Bedouin in front of the ruins of her family house demolished by Israel in the Negev on August 4, 2010. (AFP/David Buimovitch)
A Palestinian Bedouin in front of the ruins of her family house demolished by Israel in the Negev on August 4, 2010. (AFP/David Buimovitch)

From MA’AN NEWS AGENCY
ISRAELI KNESSET TO ADDRESS SHELVED PLAN TO RELOCATE NEGEV BEDOUINS
July 11, 2015
BEERSHEBA (Ma’an) – Bedouin residents of the Negev are gearing up to take last minute measures as the Israeli Knesset is slated Sunday to discuss a plan to forcibly relocate tens-of-thousands of Bedouin Palestinians.
____The Prawer Plan was approved by the Israeli government in 2011 but shelved in 2013 amid widespread protest among Palestinians within Israel and international condemnation.
(More. . .)

From INTERNATIONAL MIDDLE EAST MEDIA CENTER (IMEMC)
INJURIES REPORTED AS SOLDIERS ATTACK NABI SALEH PROTEST
July 10, 2015
Palestinian medical sources have reported, Friday, that many residents suffered the effects of tear gas inhalation, after Israeli soldiers assaulted the weekly nonviolent protest against the Annexation Wall and settlements, in Nabi Saleh village. . .
____The Popular Resistance Committee in Nabi Saleh has reported that the protesters marched towards Palestinian orchards, illegally confiscated by the army, and isolated behind the wall. . .
____The soldiers fired rounds of live ammunition, gas bombs and rubber-coated metal bullets; scores of residents suffered the effects of tear gas inhalation.
(More. . .)

The soldiers fired rounds of live ammunition, gas bombs and rubber-coated metal bullets; scores of residents suffered the effects of tear gas inhalation. (Photo IMEMC)
The soldiers fired rounds of live ammunition, gas bombs and rubber-coated metal bullets; scores of residents suffered the effects of tear gas inhalation. (Photo IMEMC)

From THE PALESTINIAN INFORMATION CENTER
WHEN THE OTHER ISN’T PERCEIVED AS HUMAN EVERYTHING IS POSSIBLE
By Tamar Fleishman – Qalandiya
July 2, 2015
The ambulance was detained for about six hours and in it was a resident of Gaza, who had been discharged from a hospital in Nablus after undergoing heart surgery.
____For six hours the ambulance had waited on the Palestinian side of the checkpoint for someone to solve the bureaucratic mess. But apparently no one thought it to be an urgent matter. No one on the other side of the rifle or of the computer or of the phone thought that letting a person suffer like that for six hours was terrible.
(More. . .)

From INTERNATIONAL MIDDLE EAST MEDIA CENTER (IMEMC)
ISRAEL OFFICIALLY SIGNS ORDER BARRING “PALESTINE 1948” TV
July 10, 2015
Israeli Police spokeswomen Luba Samri said, Thursday, that Israeli Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan has signed an official order shutting down the “Palestine 1948 TV,” and barring all of its activities in the country.
____Erdan said “Israel will not allow anybody to harm its sovereignty, or to grant the Palestinian Authority any foothold in the country.”
____He alleged that the TV station never obtained any proper authorization to operate in Israel, and said “Palestine 1948” began broadcasting, a month ago, from Nazareth.
(More. . .)

❺ Opinion
From +972 BLOG
IMPRISONED FOR INCITEMENT ON FACEBOOK? ONLY IF YOU’RE ARAB
July 10, 2015
John Brown* and Noam Rotem
Racist and inciting Facebook statuses by Israeli Jews have become commonplace on the Internet. Yet not a single Israeli has ever been sent to prison for publishing a status on social media.
____We do not live in a state where people are equal before the law. This is a fact that shouldn’t surprise anyone. The Internet, on the other hand, has maintained a kind of facade where freedom and equality are set in stone. But no more. This week, 23-year-old Uday Biyumi from Jerusalem was sentenced to 17 months in prison for publishing Facebook posts “systematically and widely.”
____The sentence is not something out of the ordinary. . .
(More. . .)

*John Brown is the pseudonym of an Israeli academic and blogger. Noam Rotem is an Israeli activist, high-tech executive and author of the blog o139.org, subtitled “Godwin doesn’t live here anymore.” This article was first published in Hebrew on Local Call.

palestinian poetry header

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“THE UGLIEST OF WORDS,” BY SAMIH AL-QASIM

What should I do with the narcissus?
The apricot?
The crowns of rugged trees?
What should I do with the finest
of my wildflowers? What?
What should I do with the strongest, fiercest,
and cruelest wild flowers and thorns?
What should I do with the strongest
of English words?
Foreigner?
The fiercest of French traits:
Etrangé?
The cruelest of German blows:
Ausländer?
The ugliest of Hebrew terms:
Oivim.
The most horrible sound in Arabic:
Kuffar.
What should I do with my pain
over my ignorance of Sanskrit
and Esperanza?
My fondness for wildflowers
runs deep.
What should I do
with the fence of fire
and with my being caught―
between the ugliest and the finest?
What should I do?
What?
What should I do?

From Al-Qasim, Samih. Sadder than Water: New & Selected Poems. Nazih Kassis, Trans. (Jerusalem: Ibis Editions, 2006.)
Available from Amazon
About Samih Al-Qasim

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